Techniques for estimating intake at the household level include the food account method, the inventory method, the household record, and the list recall method. These methods measure all foods and beverages available for consumption by a household or family group during a specified time period of between 1 and 4 weeks, although some last for 23 months. Wastage factors are sometimes applied. Household surveys provide data for per capita consumption of foods or nutrients, not intake for specific individuals. Data are calculated irrespective of the age and gender distribution in the household. These methods provide population data for annual mean food consumption and selection patterns, and are used for analyzing trends in intake. Household budget surveys are used more widely in Europe than elsewhere. As countries may not produce compatible data the Data Food Networking Project (DAFNE) has developed the methodology to allow the data from 11 European countries to be combined and compared.
Regmi and Pompelli found that in low-income level countries, such as Cambodia, Haiti, and Nicaragua, consumer food demand tends to be focused on low-value staple food products to meet basic calorie requirements. Updated data in Table 3.1 support this finding and show that low-income level countries have a higher per capita consumption of cereal products and roots and tubers (e.g. sweet potatoes, cassava) than countries with higher income levels. In general, consumers in lower-income countries tend to spend a higher proportion of their budget on food than other countries (Regmi et al., 2001, Seale et al., 2003). They are also more responsive to changes in general food prices and income and therefore, make larger adjustments to their diets when food prices and incomes change (Seale et al., 2003). This is particularly true for higher-value food items, such as meat and dairy, while household budget allocations for staple foods tend to undergo smaller changes (Regmi, 2001). Populations...
At the household level, information can be obtained from records of food acquisitions (expenditure and or amounts), often referred to as household budget surveys. Errors associated with the recording process (omission and misrecording) will contribute to the error of estimates of consumption. Keeping a record of purchases can lead householders to alter their usual purchasing patterns or encourage purchasing in excess of true requirements (especially easily storable items such as flour, sugar, oil, and cooking or spreading fats). Some form of crosscheck is necessary either an internal reference measure such as a cross-check list of foods purchased or used at mealtimes or an external reference measure such as an independent assessment of food consumption by all household members. There are problems related to the estimation of waste and the amount of food given to pets. The true amount of food wasted cannot be known, and direct measures of waste are likely to introduce bias into the...
From these basic explanations and definitions, you can now clearly recognize the importance of counting calories. Keeping track of calories is just as important as keeping track of the deposits and withdrawals to your bank account. If you fail to pay attention to your finances and you make more withdrawals than deposits, you would soon find yourself broke and in debt. It's the same with your body, although in the case of calories, the reverse is true If you don't keep track of your calorie deposits, you'll soon find yourself with an overstuffed calorie account in the form of unsightly and unwanted body fat
Budgeting Tips For Families
Learning all about budgeting strategies for busy families can have amazing benefits for your life and finances. Learn financial control with less effort and more results.