Regulating Safety of Food Additives and Preservatives

Based on the 1958 Food Additives Amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic (FD&C) Act of 1938, the FDA must approve the use of all additives. The manufacturer bears the responsibility of proving that the additive is safe for its intended use. The Food Additives Amendment excluded additives and preservatives deemed safe for consumption prior to 1958, such as salt, sugar, spices, vitamins, vinegar, and monosodium glutamate. These substances are considered "generally recognized as safe" (GRAS) and may be used in any food, though the FDA may remove additives from the GRAS list if safety concerns arise. The 1960 Color Additives Amendment to the FD&C Act required the FDA to approve synthetic coloring agents used in

The legendary longevity of some packaged foods such as Twinkies, is attributable in part to food additives that stabilize ingredients and prevent spoilage. Additives also enhance the nutrition, flavor, and consistency of foods. [Photograph by Orlin Wagner. AP/Wide World Photos. Reproduced by permission.]

The legendary longevity of some packaged foods such as Twinkies, is attributable in part to food additives that stabilize ingredients and prevent spoilage. Additives also enhance the nutrition, flavor, and consistency of foods. [Photograph by Orlin Wagner. AP/Wide World Photos. Reproduced by permission.]

foods, drugs, cosmetics, and certain medical devices. The Delaney Clause, which was included in both the Food Additives Amendment and Color Additives Amendment, prohibited approval of any additive that had been found to cause cancer in humans or animals. However, in 1996 the Delaney Clause was modified, and the commissioner of the FDA was charged with assessing the risk from consumption of additives that may cause cancer and making a determination as to the use of that additive.

The FDA continually monitors the safety of all food additives as new scientific evidence becomes available. For example, use of erythrosine (FD&C Red No. 3) in cosmetics and externally applied drugs was banned drugs: substances whose administration causes a significant change in the body's function cancer: uncontrolled cell growth nitrite: NO2 , used for preservatives amine: compound containing nitrogen linked to hydrogen carcinogen: cancer-causing substance fermentation: reaction performed by yeast or bacteria to make alcohol asthma: respiratory disorder marked by wheezing, shortness of breath, and mucus production toxicant: harmful substance

Nutrition For Kids

Nutrition For Kids

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Get The Right Nutrition For Your Kids. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Essential Nutrients For Children All Parents Should Know. Children today are more likely to consume foods that are delicious rather than nutritious, and most foods that come under the delicious category are usually either highly sweetened or salted, either way the delicious choice is not good for the child at all.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment