It is important to provide daily modeled writing—direct teacher modeling of the structure and processes involved for each grade level and correct use of writing conventions. Shared writing and interactive writing are included in this instructional component. Guided writing is another essential instructional component, during which the teacher guides students (typically in small group) through writing part of their composition—providing feedback and ideas for improving students' writing.
Students must also be given frequent opportunities for independent writing, as well, to build their writing fluency (Fisher & Tucker, 2002).
Even students with significant writing difficulties are often able to meet writing standards when they receive a high degree of explicit teacher modeling of writing skills and guided assistance.
Note: The video Successful Classrooms: Effective Teaching Strategies for Raising Achievement in Reading & Writing (Fisher, Fetzer, & Rief, 1999) demonstrates these highly effective writing strategies in elementary classrooms.
Encourage students to frequently ask themselves the 5W questions (who, what, when, where, why—and how) as they write. Answering these questions will help ensure that they have provided enough vivid information for their readers.
Use the Writers Workshop approach, which provides class time for students to write on topics of their choice. In Writers Workshop instructors:
• Move through the following stages of the writing process: pre-writing, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing
• Model each stage with students and schedule writing groups to give feedback and suggestions
Help students interact and assist each other in revising, editing, sharing their writing, and so forth Teach mini-lessons as needed on specific skills and strategies
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