Introduction

ADHD is an increasingly prevalent developmental disorder, especially in the western world where prevalence rates are estimated around 12%.

According to both the DSM-IV and the ICD-10 it refers to three major problematic domains: attention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Subtypes of ADHD have been coded accordingly as a predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type (H), predominantly inattentive (I) and a combined type (C).

Age is an important factor in the clinical/behavioral manifestations of ADHD. Symptoms, in fact, vary according to brain maturation. The hyperactive aspects, for instance, tend to subside with age, even if longitudinal research demonstrated that over 30% of children with ADHD grow up to be adults with significant ADHD related problems.

Gender also plays an important role in ADHD, with a 1:10 male prevalence in clinical samples (Cortese et al., 2006). It also appears to have a strong influence over behavioral symptoms and co-morbid disorders, which appear generally less disruptive in girls. ADHD holds a high potential for psychiatric and cognitive co-morbidity (mood, anxiety, conduct disorder and learning disability), with a nearly 50% rate of oppositional defiant conduct in males.

ADHD Secrets Uncovered

ADHD Secrets Uncovered

Announcing an important message for parents. Has Your Child Been Diagnosed With ADHD Is Coping With Your Child's Behavior Wearing You Out Are You Tired of Searching For Answers

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