Focal Central Nervous System Disorders

Sjogren Brain Mri

The clinical profile of CNS abnormalities described in association with pSS is similar to that reported in CNS lupus, and includes optic neuropathy, hemiparesis, movement disorders, brainstem and cerebellar syndromes, recurrent transient ischemic attacks, and motor neuron syndrome. Differentiation between SLE and pSS with CNS involvement can be particularly difficult, as focal neurologic deficits, oligoclonal bands in the cerebral spinal fluid CSF , and abnormalities on MRI are detected in both...

Present Understanding Of Dry Eye Disease And Implications For Therapy

Nomenclature Eye Picture

A recent international workshop designed to collate and critique in an evidence-based manner the accumulated knowledge concerning dry eye disease and its treatment published a comprehensive report in 2007.1 The Dry Eye Workshop provided guidance to clinicians and researchers regarding the definition, classification, epidemiology, and research findings, and treatment guidelines for dry eye disease. The consensus definition of dry eye disease was stated to be that dry eye is a multifactorial...