Raspberries

Berry Boosters

Berry Boosters

Acai, Maqui And Many Other Popular Berries That Will Change Your Life And Health. Berries have been demonstrated to be some of the healthiest foods on the planet. Each month or so it seems fresh research is being brought out and new berries are being exposed and analyzed for their health giving attributes.

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Blueberries Antioxidants

One of the best antioxidant choices that protects the body from oxygenated chemical reactions, is blueberries. Regular consumption of blueberries promotes life. Remember, fruit is best eaten alone followed by some type of nut protein. Natural Prescription for Health Always consider fresh vegetables and fruit in your daily schedule of food choices. Blueberries and spinach are at the top of the list.

Seeds Berries and Leaves Seeds

Berries Bilberries are a fruit that can help in dental hygiene. The American blueberry is the same as the European bilberry, a perennial shrub that grows in Europe. The major difference between the two is that the American blueberry is white or cream-colored inside, while the European bilberry is purple. Bilberries and bilberry extract can be found in health food stores. Berries have an astringent and antiseptic effect on the mouth, and help in reducing infections due to gum disease. They help in circulation and healing tissue. Take a mouthful of bilberries and chew them very, very slowly. Then expel them if you want. Bilberries and many other berries are rich sources of minerals, vitamin C, and beta-carotine, as well as flavonoids and other compounds that have a marked antiseptic action. If you eat them slowly, the nutrients will be absorbed by the tissue. Other berries good for gum tissue are strawberries, black currants, and cherries. Blackberries are known to heal teeth and gums....

Roasted Garlic Couscous witk Blueberries and Walnuts

V2 cup dried blueberries V3 cup chopped walnuts 1V2 cups frozen peas, thawed 1 teaspoon dried tarragon Boil water in a medium saucepan. Add broth powder and bring to a second boil. Stir in couscous, lemon juice, blueberries, and walnuts. Cover, remove from heat, and set aside for 5 minutes. Stir in peas and tarragon. Fluff with a fork, and serve. Enlightened Couscous Blueberries and Walnuts Protein 8 g, carbohydrate 42 g, fiber 4 g, fat 5 g, saturated fat 0 g, cholesterol 0 mg, calcium 18 mg, sodium 350 mg Calories 239 from protein 13 , from carbohydrate 69 , from fat 18 Traditional Couscous Blueberries and Walnuts Protein 11 g, carbohydrate 48 g, fiber 4 g, fat 14 g, saturated fat 5 g, cholesterol 19 mg, calcium 24 mg, sodium 568 mg Calories 357 from protein 12 , from carbohydrate 53 , from fat 35

Total Amounts Of Antioxidants In Foods

Referred to the antioxidant food table published as an electronic supplement to the paper by Carlsen et al. (2010) for the FRAP results on all 3139 products analyzed. The updated database is available online at www.blomhoff.no (link to Scientific Online Material). The categories Spices and herbs, Herbal traditional plant medicine, and Vitamin and dietary supplements include the most antioxidant-rich products analyzed in the study. The categories Berries and berry products, Fruit and fruit juices, Nuts and seeds, Breakfast cereals, Chocolate and sweets, Beverages, and Vegetables and vegetable products include most of the common foods and beverages which have medium to high antioxidant values. We find that plant-based foods are generally higher in antioxidant content than animal-based and mixed food products, with median antioxidant values of 0.88, 0.10, and 0.31 mmol 100 g, respectively. Furthermore, the 75th percentile of plant-based foods is 4.11 mmol 100 g, compared to 0.21 and 0.68...

Prehistory And Archeology

It would be misleading to think of early wines and beers as similar to the drinks we know today. In a rough sense, the distinction between them is that a wine is generally derived from fruits or berries, whereas a beer or ale comes from grain or a grain-based bread. Until as recently as A.D. 1700, both were often relatively dark, dense with sediments, and extremely uneven in quality. Usually handcrafted in small batches, home-brewed beers tend to be highly nutritious but to last only a few days before going sour (i.e., before all the fermenting sugars and alcohol are depleted and become vinegar). By contrast, homemade wines have relatively little in the way of vitamins or minerals but can last a long time if adequately sealed.

Cranberry Vaccinium Macrocarpon

Folklore has for years perpetuated the use of cranberry for the treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Cranberries can be consumed as fresh fruit, concentrate, sauce, and juice. Cranberry juice cocktail, which is a mixture of cranberryjuice, sweetener, water, and vitamin C, has been used in a number of studies since single-strength juice is unpalatable. Basic science research has suggested that the cranberries may inhibit the adherence of Escherichia coli to urinary tract epithelial cells (11). This effect may also extend to other bacteria (12). It is still unclear as to exactly what properties of cranberries account for such activity, although recent studies have suggested that proanthocyanidins (also found in blueberries) are the compounds probably responsible (13).

Mass distribution of food

Additionally, to meet export demand, low-income countries may cultivate non-indigenous crops that may be more susceptible to indigenous pathogens (Saker et al., 2004). A prime example of this is when Guatemalan producers grew non-native raspberries for commercial export (Saker et al., 2004). In 1996 and 1997, Cyclospora outbreaks in Canada and the United States were attributed to Guatemalan raspberries (Calvin, 2003). In short, the globalization of the food supply has the potential to create new agricultural and ecological challenges.

Applications To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

According to Choung et al. (2001), the first studies on anthocyanin in the black soybean were conducted by Nagai (1921). Other researchers identified several types of anthocyanins in black soybeans, especially in the seed coat. The studies on individual anthocyanins in black soybeans are presented in Table 27.2. As demonstrated in Table 27.2, cyanidin-3-glucoside is the major anthocyanin found in black soybean (Xu & Chang, 2008 Lee et al., 2009). Petu-nidin-3-glucoside, which is considered as a new anthocyanin, has also been discovered in the black soybean seed coat (Choung et al., 2001). The anthocyanin contents of the black soybean seed coat vary according to the species, but are relatively high compared to other sources of anthocyanin, such as berries, grapes, and sorghum. This is illustrated in Table 27.3.

Soups Salads and Starters

Do you prefer a hearty main-dish salad California Chef's Salad showcases the wonderful contrast of rich, creamy avocado, marinated chicken' strips, tender baby spinach leaves, and tart fresh strawberries. Another alternative is a chilled salad like Caribbean Pasta Salad, which offers marinated tempeh and orzo pasta in a rich tasting dressing.

Antioxidant Properties Of Ginger

A common mechanism offered to explain the actions and health benefits of ginger and other herbs and spices is related to their antioxidant properties (17,18). A systematic analysis (19) of several hundred dietary plants revealed that ginger root contained a very high concentration (3.85 mmol 100 g) of total antioxidants. Only pomegranate and several types of wild berries (e.g., dog rose, blueberry, strawberry, blackberry) had a higher total antioxidant concentration (19). In addition, Zancan et al. (20) recently presented a detailed report on the development of a process to produce ginger extracts with a high content of antioxidants, suggesting that antioxidant activity is widely accepted to be important in the effectiveness of ginger.

Harvesting Guelder rose

Put the pieces of bark you have harvested in a small saucepan, and add enough water to just allow them to float. Bring to a boil, then turn down the heat and simmer gently for 10 minutes. Leave to cool, then strain off the liquid. Measure it, add an equal amount of vodka and pour into a jar with the bark pieces you've just boiled. If you are making the tincture in the fall, you can add a few ripe berries to the jar too. Keep the jar in a cool dark place for a month, shaking it every day if you can remember. Strain off the liquid, bottle and label.

Presentday Cultivation And Usage

Black and white peppers from P. guineense (Omafuvbe & Kolawole, 2004) are produced in the same way as their counterparts from P. nigrum (Schmidt, 2009) and P. cubeba (Katzer, 1998). The terms black and white pepper stem partly from their color, and partly from the process of producing them. To produce black pepper, the fully developed berries are picked before they are fully ripe. They are allowed to dry, shrinking and darkening in the process, and are then ground to yield black pepper. To produce white pepper, the berries are allowed to ripen fully before harvesting, and are then treated with water to free the seeds from epidermal tissues. Deskinned berries are ground to white pepper Deskinned berries are ground to white pepper The processes of production of black pepper and white pepper from Piper species. Sun-drying the berries to a moisture content of 8 10 takes 7 10 days. Best-quality black pepper results if the berries are first dipped in hot water before drying. The yield of...

Hawthorn berry leather

Pick ripe hawthorn berries and place in a saucepan with half their volume of water. Simmer gently for about 15 minutes and allow to cool. Blend the mixture briefly to loosen the pulp from the seeds or mash it with a potato masher, then rub the pulp through a coarse sieve.

The Biological Domain

Magine living as our ancestors did a million years ago. You awaken at dawn and shrug of f the coldness of night. A few warm embers are still glowing in the fire, so you stoke it with kindling. The others in your group gather around the fire as the sun breaks the horizon. Stomachs start growling and your thoughts tur to food. Small groups form to set of f in search of berries, edible plants, and small game animals.

Hearty Stuffed Squash

Peeled and diced 3 tablespoons fresh lime juice 1 cup dried cranberries V4 cup mirin cooking wine Heat oil and crushed pepper in a 10-inch frying pan over medium-high heat. Add garlic, scallions, and shredded carrots. Saut for 3 minutes. Add ground beef alternative and cook for 5 minutes, stirring frequently. Drizzle diced apple with lime juice. Add to pan with cranberries and mirin. Lower heat to simmer and cook for 5 minutes.

Breakfast Options

1 whole-grain waffle (such as Kashi or Van's 7-grain frozen waffles), or made from a whole-wheat baking mix (such as Hodgeson Mills) top with 1 Tbsp. peanut butter (preferably natural peanut butter). 1 cup sliced strawberries. 1 cup skim or soy milk. carbohydrates per 20 g), 1 cup skim or soy milk, 1-2 Tbsp. ground flaxseed, and H cup fresh or frozen berries (no sugar added). Add ice and blend. 1 slice whole-grain bread, or H cup fresh fruit.

Facts And Fancies About Obesity

Before the cultivation of cereal crops, our ancestors, as has been said before, lived by hunting animals and subsisted on an all-meat diet of fat and protein. If they lived near woods or in forests, they may have taken a few berries, fruits and roots as well, but on the open plains they lived on meat alone and there is evidence that on this diet they were never corpulent.

Discovering Dietary Effects Good Foods Bad Foods

People with FMS are different from each other, and no large-scale studies have found that some foods are good and others should be banned for people with fibromyalgia, but patterns are emerging. For example, some fibromyalgia sufferers agree that most fruits and vegetables (especially berries) and plain cereals are FMS-friendly, but chocolate, citrus fruits, and foods high in monosodium glutamate (MSG, a chemical regarded as a flavor enhancer), aspartame (an artificial sweetener), or caffeine aggravate their FMS symptoms. Check food labels to see whether MSG or aspartame is included in the product. (You may have a hard time giving up aspartame because it's in a wide variety of products, particularly diet soft drinks and reduced-calorie foods.)

Case study 141 Multistate outbreaks caused by oysters from Louisiana USA

Viral foodborne illness can be linked to produce and salads. Produce and salads refer to both fruit and vegetables. Salads are more commonly implicated in outbreaks than are individual produce items. Both produce and salads are commonly handled immediately before serving, are eaten raw, and are frequently eaten without peeling. These practices increase their risk for viral contamination. Contamination may occur at any point in the food path preharvest, postharvest, processing, food preparation, and table where produce or salad is to be eaten. Produce that are contaminated during production or harvest tend to cause multi-state or multi-country outbreaks. Unfortunately washing of produce is often not effective at eliminating viral contaminants (Table 14.2).56 In the vast majority of cases, when this type of food is associated with an outbreak, an infected food handler is suggested as the source. Unfortunately, this causal relationship is rarely confirmed. Produce can become contaminated...

Background And Relevant Pharmacokinetics

There are two sources of thiamine dietary and a bacterial source whereby it is synthesised by the normal intestinal microflora. Thiamine is absorbed from the small intestine by a saturable rate-limiting transport mechanism. The absorption of thiamine in the gastrointestinal tract can be impaired by the presence of naturally occurring thiaminases that are found in raw fish or polyhydroxyphenols found in certain food and beverages for example, coffee, tea, blueberries, red cabbage and brussel sprouts (Groff & Gropper 2000).

Cranberry Walnut Muffins

1 cup dried cranberries V3 cup chopped walnuts In a medium bowl, combine pastry flour, oats, soy flour, corn-meal, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, and salt. Stir in cranberries and walnuts. Set aside. Blueberries, Oats, and Roses Muffins ty cup dried blueberries In a medium bowl, combine pastry flour, oats, cornmeal, soy flour, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, nutmeg, and salt. Stir in the blueberries and set aside. Enlightened Blueberries, Oats, and Roses Muffins Protein 5 g, carbohydrate 44 g, fiber 4 g, fat 2 g, saturated fat 0 g, cholesterol 0 mg, calcium 56 mg, sodium 255 mg Calories 210 from protein 10 , from carbohydrate 83 , from fat 7 3 cup dried cranberries Vfc cup prune pur e In a medium bowl, combine pastry flour, cornmeal, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, and salt. Stir in cranberries and set aside. dried fruit adds flavor, texture, and color to kaked goods. Cranberries are a great ckoice.

Regulation EC No 8522004

Regulation (EC) No. 852 2004 lays down general hygiene requirements to be respected by food businesses at all stages of the food chain including primary production. The Regulation does not apply to small quantities of primary products supplied directly by the producer to the final consumer or by the producers to local retail establishments directly supplying the final consumer. Examples of such products are vegetables, fruits, eggs and raw milk or products collected in the wild such as mushrooms and berries. All bee-keeping activities are also considered as primary production. However, fresh meat is not a primary product since it is obtained after slaughter.

Historical Cultivation And Usage

Medicinal applications of sea buckthorn have been well-documented since ancient times, and are still in use in Europe and Asia (Zeb, 2004b). The presence of valuable components in sea buckthorn seeds or berries increases its use across the globe. Traditionally, the Chinese have used sea buckthorn as medicine for thousands of years. Some clinical studies on the medicinal uses of sea buckthorn were performed in Russia during the 1950s. It was officially

Blueberry Apple Pancakes

V2 cup dried blueberries 1 cup water Combine Multi-Grain Mix, sugar, apples, and blueberries in a large bowl. Stir in water, apple juice, and oil. Stir to mix and add cinnamon. Spray griddle, electric frying pan, or 10-inch frying pan with olive oil cooking spray and heat 2 minutes on medium-high heat. Drop batter onto prepared pan with a 4 cup measure. Cook for about 3 minutes, flipping when bubbles start to appear. Cook for about 2 minutes on the other side, and serve.

Chocolate Raspberry Phyllo Cups

Raspberries 3 tablespoons cold water V2 cup maple syrup For the raspberry layer Place frozen raspberries with 3 tablespoons of water in a medium saucepan over medium-high heat. Cook, stirring occasionally, for 5 minutes, or until thawed. Pour raspberries into wire mesh colander placed over a medium bowl. Press berries against colander using the back of a tablespoon. Return the raspberry pur e to the saucepan, and place over mediumhigh heat. Add maple syrup, Sucanat, and kirsch brandy and bring to a boil. In a small bowl, combine cornstarch and cold water, add to the raspberry mixture, and reduce heat to medium. Cook for 5 minutes, stirring frequently. Cool slightly.

Pong Pong Tree Indian Suicide Tree Sea Mango

Medicinal Plants Indonesia

Description Cissus quadrangularis L. is a herbaceous plant with a thick, quadrangular, succulent stem and is constricted at regular intervals. It has long, slender and simple tendrils. Leaves are ovate, entire, crenate-serrate, 3-5 cm by 5-13 cm and glabrous on both sides. Flowers are pink and white, 2 mm long, while the berries contain one or two seeds. 1,2 Description Coix lacryma-jobi L. is a small herbaceous plant which grows up to 2.5 m. Leaf sheaths are glabrous and the leaf blades are narrowly lanceolate, 20-50 cm by 1.5-4 cm. The midrib is prominent. Fruit is tear-shaped, 8 mm by 1.1 cm, with glossy berries which turn black upon maturity. 1-3

Piper nigrum L Piperaceae Pepper Lada

Piper Nigrum

Description Piper nigrum L. is a perennial woody vine with aerial roots at the stem nodes. Leaves are shiny, broad, alternate and heart-shaped. Flowers are small and white. The fruits are globular berries, about 5 mm in diameter, green when unripe but turn bright red upon maturity and each bears a single seed. 1 Dosage A single dose ranges from 300-600 mg of the berries is taken internally for stomach disorder. 3 Homeopathic recommendations for irritation of mucous membranes and galactorrhoea are 5-10 drops, 1 tablet or 5-10 globules 1-3 times daily. 3 For the treatment of haemorrhoids, 5-15 whole peppercorns are recommended to be taken. 39 For congestion, cold, head cold, chicken soup with black pepper can be taken. 40 The average daily dose of the berries is stated to be 1 to 3 g as a decoction, powder or pills, for the treatment of dyspepsia, vomiting, diarrhoea and colic resulting from cold. 41

Quality issues and adulteration 771 Specifications

All that does not belong to the fruits of allspice and all other extraneous matter of animal, vegetable and mineral origin shall be considered as extraneous matter. Broken berries are not considered as extraneous matter. The total percentage of extraneous matter in whole dried allspice shall not be more than 1 (m m) when determined by the method described in ISO 927. The standard specifications of various countries for berries, leaf oils and berry oil allspice is given in (Tables 7.15-7.20) and the cleanliness specifications are given in Tables 7.21 and 7.22. Insect-bored or otherwise defiled berries, by weight 1.0 Mouldy berries, by weight 2.0 Ground pimento is sometimes adulterated with powdered clove stem or with the aromatic berries of the Mexican tree Myrtus tobasco, known as 'pimienta de tobasco'. The powdered berries of the aromatic shrub Lindera benzoin (called wild allspice) has a strong spicy flavour in bark and berries and is used as a substitute for allspice by the...

Growing Rare And Endangered Plants In Botanical Gardens And Arboreta How Is It Done

Developed by George Morel in France as a way to rescue virus-infected orchid plants and rapidly propagate virus-free stock. This process is used for the micropropagation of virus-free stock of any plant species. Great success stories are seen in the shoot-tip propagation of virus-free potatoes, strawberries, cassava, pelargoniums, and orchids.

Crataegus m o n o g s y C oxyacantha

Description Thorny shrubs or small trees with clusters of white or pink flowers in spring followed by deep red berries in the fall. Parts used Flowering tops, leaves, and ripe berries. Hawthorn is well known today as an herbal remedy for the heart and circulation, but this is a relatively new use of the plant. Old European herbals mainly talk of hawthorn for the stone and for drawing out thorns and splinters, and an occasional use for treating gout and insomnia. It's perhaps surprising that it wasn't thought of for the blood, because the berries are such a deep blood-like color, and color was often taken as an indication of healing possibilities. Anne Pratt's mid-Victorian survey of British flowering plants (1857) expressed a conventional, and what could be called a pre-modern, view of hawthorn's value The modern tale of hawthorn (there are many ancient ones too) begins with a Dr Green in County Clare, Ireland, in late Victorian times. The doctor had singular success in treating heart...

Natural History Grape

The grape curculio (Craponius inaequalis) lays eggs, first feeding on the leaves. Larvae then excavate the green berry pulp beneath the skin. Caterpillars of the grape berry moth (Paralobesia viteana) web several ripe berries together or to leaves, making a hole in each berry. The caterpillar folds over a leaf and pupates inside the fold. Folded leaves may hang on the vine in winter. The large Virginia creeper sphinx moth, also called hog sphinx (Darapsa myron), punctures decaying or fermented fruit to feed, as do bees and wasps.

Introduction and description

The Nigella plant is an erect, herbaceous annual plant, with height ranging from 30 to 60 cm. The leaves are compound 2-3 pinnatisect cut into linear or linear-lanceolate segments, the leaves are greyish green, fine and feathery. The flowers are pale green when young and light blue when mature, becoming pale blue or white later. The flowers are bluish-white, solitary and terminal long peduncle without an involucre, beautiful because of the development of carina, five sepals, petaloid, corolla absent, stamens numerous, five carpels, partially united. The fruit is a capsule having many nectaries, generally 10, pocketlike, epicalyx present. The seeds are trigonous, black, rugulose-tubercular. The seeds are small, matt-black grains with a rough surface and an oily white interior. They are roughly triangulate, 1.5-3 mm long (Chopra, 1998 Malhotra, 2004a). Nigella seeds possess an aroma resembling strawberries when crushed. The seeds are similar to onion seeds. The seeds are slightly bitter...

Chocolate Chip Okara Spice Bars

1 cup dried cranberries Place oats in food processor or blender and process to a coarse flour, about 20 seconds. Place in a medium bowl, and combine with pastry flour, soy flour, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, nutmeg, and salt. Mix in cranberries and chocolate chips, and set aside.

Arthur M Glenberg David Havas Raymond Becker and Mike Rinck

In contrast to the dictionary-like theories of Collins and Loftus (1975), Burgess and Lund (1997) and many others (e.g., Anderson, Matessa, & Lebiere, 1997 Kintsch, 1988), recent theoretical (e.g., Barsalou, 1999 Glenberg, 1997) and empirical (Glenberg & Kaschak, 2002 Pecher et al., 2003 Stanfield & Zwaan, 2001) work within the embodiment framework has demonstrated how mature language use is grounded in bodily states of action and perception. Consider, for example, Pecher et al. (2003) who demonstrated a perceptual basis to property verification. Participants responded whether or not an object (e.g., a blender) has a particular property (e.g., loud). Pecher et al. found that when the perceptual dimension probed on the current trial (e.g., LEAVES-rustle probes the auditory dimension) was the same as the dimension probed on the previous trial (e.g., BLENDER-loud probes the auditory dimension), responding was faster than when the perceptual dimension probed on the previous trial...

Solanaceae Nightshade family

Description An arching, floppy shrub with small leaves, and purple flowers, followed by scarlet berries in the fall. Parts used Berries gathered in fall. Lycium is both a food and a medicine, and the berries can be eaten daily, dried if fresh isn't available, with claimed improvement in strength, eyesight, and male sexual performance. They are safe even in quantity, with no reported safety issues, except when somebody has problems with nightshade family plants, such as potato or tomato. persimmon, and when dried is like a sweet red raisin. We eat dried berries on cereal or hot with rice in China itself lycium tea, coffee, wine, and beer are all made. One benefit of lycium that is generally accepted is to promote a healthy gut flora, while lowering bad LDL and VLDL cholesterol levels in the bloodstream. The berries serve to stabilize the capillaries, veins, and arteries throughout the body. They work on thread and varicose veins, and fragile capillaries that bleed under the skin. They...

Prevention of Bacterial Food Poisoning

All foods entering the kitchen should be considered to be potentially hazardous. In any investigation, it is important not to assume that a food cannot be the cause just because it is unlikely or not known to have caused FP in the past. Salads and other vegetables or fruit eaten raw may be contaminated, and outbreaks have been caused by lettuce (S. sonnei and E. coli VTEC 0157), raspberries and strawberries (Cyclospora cayetanensis and hepatitis A), alfalfa sprouts (S. enteritidis), and radish sprouts grown hydroponically (E. coli VTEC

Functional properties

With the hydroxyl radical were isolated from methanol extracts of allspice. These compounds were identified as pimentol and had a strong antioxidant activity as hydroxyl radical scavengers at 2.0 pm (Oya et al., 1997). A phenylpropanoid, isolated from berries of P. dioica inhibited autoxidation of linoleic acid in a water-alcohol system (Kikuzaki et al., 1999).

Terpenoids And Phenolics

It is essential to know the identification of this plant when it is being collected. Pokeweed poisonings were commonplace in the 1800s in Eastern North America. The berries and roots of pokeweed were eaten by mistake, the collectors thinking the parts collected were parsnip (Pastinaca sativa), Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus), or horseradish (Amoracia lapathifolia).15 fleshy berries which are used to make mayapple jelly, marmelade, or to eat fresh. In the southern U.S., a drink is prepared from the juice of the fruit and combined

Foods for special uses

A recent trend is toward the consumption of 'functional foods,' which are foods or dietary components designed to support health and reduce the risk of chronic, diet-related illnesses and conditions, including cardiac disease, osteoporosis, and cancer (Hasler, 1998). Most examples of functional foods are plant based, such as oats, soy, flaxseed, garlic, tomatoes, broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables, citrus fruits, grapes, olive oil, and cranberries. Fatty fish and eggs from chickens fed flaxseed are good sources of omega-3-fatty acids. Fernandez-Gines et al. (2005) reviewed meat products that are formulated with additional plant products and have reduced or modified lipid content as functional foods.

Mass production of food

Large food companies have a lot at stake so one might argue that they would be even more diligent about minimizing the frequency and extent of pathogen contamination in their food products. Firms that face a large public recall of product or that are implicated in a foodborne illness outbreak may suffer business losses, such as from lost reputation, reduced stock prices, plants closed for cleanup or permanently shut down, food poisoning lawsuits, premiums raised for product liability insurance, and demand for product reduced enough to threaten entire markets or industries (Buzby et al., 2001). One example of a whole industry being affected by a foodborne illness outbreak is the Guatemalan raspberry industry. After repeated Cyclospora outbreaks in the United States and Canada from contaminated raspberries, only 3 Guatemalan raspberry producers

Italian cypress cupressus sempervirens l cupressaceae

Note that the RSV says cedar, the KJV says ash. Perhaps this is not so amazing there are many supra-specific and suprageneric terms in the United States, such as scrub oaks and conifer, respectively. The latter embraces more kinds of gymnosperms than Zohary's berosh. The cypress was an important biblical timber tree, used by the Egyptians for coffins in olden times, and in Greece more recently. The doors of St. Peter's in Rome and the gates of Constantinople, made of cypress, both survived more than 1000 years. Its timbers were used for house building, ship building (even the ark), and musical instruments. David and all the house of Israel played on musical instruments made of cypress (BIB). Oil of cypress is a valuable perfume ingredient, providing ambergris- and ladanum-like odors. The trees are often planted as ornamentals in cemeteries, gardens, and parks. The Island of Cyprus, where the tree was once worshipped, derives its name from the cypress. Regarded as antiseptic,...

Edible Plants and Phytochemicals

Phytochemicals associated with health promotion and disease prevention are described in Table 2. The most studied food sources of these phytonutrients are soy beans (Glycine max) and tea (Camellia sinensis leaves), but tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculen-tum), broccoli (Brassica oleracea), garlic (Allium sativum), turmeric (Curcuma longa), tart cherries (Prunus cerasus), and various types of berries are also receiving considerable attention as functional food candidates. An overview of the research on soy and tea illustrates some of the clinical issues encountered in the development of functional foods from edible plants.

You Are Known by Your Fruit

Fruit consumption restores important nutrients in the body. Fruit is a great source of fiber, especially the apple, which is necessary to keep your bowels functioning regularly. Blueberries are one of the best antioxidant foods. Antioxidants are like rust proof paint. They take the brown off of freshly cut apples.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders

Anthony became very rigorous in his pursuit of weight loss . . . He has been following a highly structured routine . . . each morning . . . he eats a breakfast consisting of 1 ounce of cereal, 1 half cup of skim milk, 1 hard boiled egg, and strawberries or blueberries. He then waits a short period of time before proceeding to the weight room, where from Monday through Friday, he spends almost exactly 2 hours performing an identical routine of weight lifting . . . He skips lunch . . . and has a supper consisting of a sandwich, 6 ounces of yogurt, and iced tea. He does eat salads at times but is concerned about possible ill effects from pesticides that may have been applied to the vegetables. As a result of this ritualized regimen over the past several months, Anthony has lost 75 pounds, reportedly weighing 135 pounds . . . Anthony says he would prefer to weigh 145 pounds but is unable to eat the foods that would allow him to gain the weight.

Dietary Recommendations for Fibromyalgia Patients

Don't increase carbohydrate intake to increase energy levels. Everyone knows that carbs are the body's energy source, so many mistakenly think that increasing the amount of carbs they eat will give them more energy and ease the fatigue associated with fibromyalgia. This can lead to spikes in blood sugar that cause a corresponding low blood sugar period. In a state of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) the body feels the need to regulate itself back to normal. You may feel shaky and weak, have foggy thinking, and will crave simple sugars. If items with simple sugars are eaten, it can actually re-spike the blood sugar, with temporary relief, but then the same pattern continues. Instead, think of eating foods together in a balanced manner. Some examples of this would be eating an apple with natural peanut butter (short list of ingredients would be peanuts and salt), soybeans (which are naturally balanced), or eggs and fruit for breakfast. Think of aiming for a little protein, fat, and carbs...

Flattened head syndrome See positional plagio

Many different common foods may trigger an allergic reaction, including citrus fruits, dairy products, wheat, eggs, fish, cola drinks, artificial coloring, shellfish, berries, tomatoes, pork, and nuts. Infants prone to allergies may be especially sensitive to milk and milk products, wheat, eggs, and citrus fruits. Allergic reactions can be caused by even very tiny (even undetectable) amounts of the food. For example, a child who is allergic to peanuts could go into anaphylactic shock after eating a food that only has been touched by peanuts. Food additives also may cause problems. About 15 percent of children who are allergic to aspirin are also sensitive to Yellow Dye 5 (tartrazine).

Complex Carbohydrates

Pectin is a fiber made of galacturonic acid and other monosaccharides. Because it absorbs water and forms a gel, it is often used in jams and jellies. Sources of pectin include citrus fruits, apples, strawberries, and carrots. Mucilages and gums are similar in structure. Mucilages are dietary fibers that contain galactose, manose, and other mono-saccharides and gums are dietary fibers that contain galactose, glucuronic legumes beans, peas, and related plants acid, and other monosaccharides. Sources of gums include oats, legumes,

Dietary Intakes of Catechols

Manach et al. (2004) reviewed and summarised data from several countries, including the United States, Denmark, the Netherlands and Spain and concluded that the total intake of polyphenols probably reached 1,000 mg d-1 in individuals who ate several portions of fruit and vegetables each day. The consumption of flavonols probably accounted for 20-50 mg d-1, only a proportion of which would be the glycosides of quercetin and other catechols. Levels of anthocyanins consumed were estimated to be broadly similar (though somewhat higher in Finland where appreciable amounts of berries are commonly eaten). However, depending upon individual dietary habits, the intakes of both total and specific polyphenols are likely to be highly variable. In some individuals, chlorogenic acid may predominate as a result of coffee consumption and could amount to more than 200 mg d-1 (Clifford 2000a), whereas drinkers of tea may well ingest comparable amounts of catecholic flavanols and proanthocyanidins...

Dietary Recommendations for Increased Antioxidant Defense

Strawberries, citrus, Berries, apples, increasing defense by dietary means is desirable, frequent small doses of antioxidant-rich food may be the most effective way to achieve this. Furthermore, ingestion of those foods with the highest anti-oxidant contents may be the most cost-effective strategy. For example, it has been estimated that around 100 mg of ascorbic acid (meeting the recently revised US RDI for vitamin C) is supplied by one orange, a few strawberries, one kiwi fruit, two slices of pineapple, or a handful of raw cauliflower or uncooked spinach leaves. Interestingly, apples, bananas, pears, and plums, which are probably the most commonly consumed fruits in Western countries, are very low in vitamin C. However, these, and other, fruits contain a significant amount of antioxidant power, which is conferred by a variety of other scavenging and chain-breaking antiox-idants (Figure 6).

Are there treatments to prevent attacks and lessen risk of disability

In October 1997, I was feeling great. My MS was seemingly nonexistent. I was in New Jersey enjoying the fall leaves, biking, and picking raspberries I even thought about trying to teach in the spring term. I did not realize that I was pregnant and soon to miscarry. After the miscarriage, we called Dr. Sheremata, who asked when I was next going to be in Miami. I told him in a week, for my father's 65 th birthday. He warned us that it was likely that I would have a flare-up. As I enjoyed a long weekend in Florida, I felt a bit smug and a lot relieved that I had not had a flare-up and almost canceled my appointment with Dr. Sheremata for that Tuesday. Monday night I was tired but still okay. By Tuesday morning I could not see out of my right eye, and neither of my legs worked very well. My father and I went to see Dr. Sheremata we discussed ACTH, and Dr.

P Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides

The fruit of H. rhamnoides L. is a traditional herbal medicine mainly used in Tibet and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Regions to regulate the function of stomach and intestines, and treat syndromes such as indigestion, abdominal pains, etc. (43). It has been well documented to have antioxidant, immuno-stimulative, regenerative, and antiulcerogenic properties (59), a protective effect against injuries in mice (60), and effects on hyperlipidemic serum cultured smooth-muscle cells in vitro (61). The alcoholic extracts of leaves and fruits of the plant at a concentration of 0.5 mg mL were found to inhibit chromium-induced free radical production, apoptosis, and DNA fragmentation. In addition, these extracts were able to arrest the chromium-induced inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation. This suggests the alcoholic extracts have marked cytoprotective properties (62). An alcoholic extract of the berries of the plants protected against radiation-induced DNA strand breaks (63) and inhibited...

Poison sumac Toxicodendron vernix [L Kuntzel [Rhus vernix L This poisonous tree a relative of poison ivy and poison oak

To 13 long narrow leaves growing in pairs with a single leaf at the end of the stem. In the spring the leaves are bright orange and look something like velvet as the season progresses, they become dark green and glossy on the upper surface and light green on the underside. In the fall the leaves turn red or orange. Poison sumac can be differentiated from nonpoisonous sumacs by its drooping clusters of green berries nonpoisonous sumacs have red, upright clusters of berries. Poison sumac can grow to be 25 feet tall, although it is more often found between five and six feet tall. It is found in swampy areas throughout the eastern United States. (See poison ivy for details on treatment and prevention.)

Poison oak Toxicodendron diversilobum A

Plant that is poisonous to touch, closely related to poison ivy. The leaves of poison oak occur in groups of three and are very similar to oak leaves, from which the plant gets its name. The underside of the leaves is much lighter green because of the thousands of tiny fine hairs that cover them. Berries may be green or white, although not all plants bear fruit. Poison oak usually grows as a low shrub on the west coast, from Mexico to British Columbia. (See poison ivy for details on treatment and prevention.)

Poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans One of

The most common plants in the United States that is poisonous to touch, causing a contact dermatitis in most people. The leaves of the poison ivy plant are glossy green, may be notched or smooth, and almost always grow in groups of three. However, according to some experts, there are exceptions leaves may sometimes appear in fives, sevens, or even nines. in early fall, the leaves may turn bright red. Although it usually grows as a long, hairy vine (often wrapping itself around trees), it also can be found as a low shrub growing along fences or stone walls. Poison ivy has waxy yellow-green flowers and green berries that can help identify the plant in late fall, winter, and spring, before the leaves appear. Poison ivy is found throughout the United States, but it is most common in the eastern and central states.

Conclusions

All the nuts, seeds, currants, and Santalum kernels contained a low level of saturated fatty acids and a high level of unsaturated fatty acids. A high content of 18 3n-3 was found in sativa, walnut, Ribes berries, and Ranunculaceae variable levels of 18 3n-3 were also detected in the Scrophulariaceae, Onagraceae, and Boraginaceae plant families and 18 4n-3 was detected in Ribes berries and Boraginaceae species. Meanwhile, T. kirilowii Maxim and pomegranate seeds were rich in CLNA, while Santalum kernels contained ximenynic acid.

Bilberry syrup

Place your bilberries in a saucepan with just enough water to cover them. Simmer gently for half an hour, then leave to cool before squeezing out as much of the liquid as possible using a jelly bag. For every pint of liquid, add 1 pound demerara sugar, and boil until the sugar has dissolved completely. Pour into sterile bottles, label, and store in a cool place.

Bilberry

Historical note Bilberries have been used as a food for many centuries and are valued for their taste and high nutritional content. They are still commonly used to make jams, pies, syrups and beverages. Medicinally, the berries have been used internally to treat diarrhoea and haemorrhoids and externally for inflammation of the mouth and mucous membranes as they have significant astringent activity. According to folklore, World War II British Royal Air Force pilots noticed that their night vision seemed to improve after consuming bilberries or bilberry preserves, sparking a renewed interest in the medicinal properties of the fruits.

Chaste tree

Historical note Chaste tree has been used since ancient times for a variety of gynaecological conditions, such as aiding expulsion of the placenta after birth and promoting menstruation. Leaves of the chaste tree were worn byvestal virgins in ancient Rome as a symbol of chastity and it was used during that time to promote celibacy. The berries have been used to reduce fever and headaches, stimulate perspiration and to 'check violent sexual desires' in monasteries. A commercially preparation of chaste tree has been available in Germany for over 50 years and it is still commonly used for menstrual irregularities.

Eating Sweets

Remedies A conscious effort and a focused mind will help you to stop eating sweets at times of duress. Replace the belief that negative feelings are extinguished when you eat sweets, and instead eat foods that are good for you, like fruits such as apples, bananas, and strawberries, and vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, and dark green lettuce. I have recently tried to diet, and I find that when I am stressed out I tend to eat something that gives me instant gratification such as chocolate. I then realize I like some really good foods such as strawberries and watermelon. I use self-control and eat healthily and feel better. The existing balance of your energy system in your body will help you to reduce stress.

Banana Split

It seems wholesome, as desserts go, but this one is a killer. Banana is a fruit, true, but like most tropical fruits it has a fairly high glycemic index, up near pineapple and mango. So first we've got to replace it with strawberries or blueberries or raspberries, all of which go just as nicely with ice cream. Along with the fruit, add some nuts not the kind drenched in

Flavonoids

Total dietary intake is around 1g per day (650 mg when calculated as aglycones), a large part of which comes from tea, red wine, berries and onions. flavonols Alternative name for flavonoids. flavoproteins Enzymes that contain the vitamin riboflavin, or a derivative such as flavin adenine dinucleotide or riboflavin phosphate, as the prosthetic group. Mainly involved in oxidation reactions in metabolism. flavour See taste organoleptic.

Hawthorn berry syrup

Put 1 lb berries in a large saucepan with 1 pint water, and slowly bring to a boil. Mash a little with a potato masher. Turn off the heat and leave to stand overnight. Bring to a boil again, then turn down the heat and simmer gently. The berries quickly lose their deep red color and turn a dingy sort of yellow. Don't worry if the decoction smells somewhat fishy at this point - the syrup will not taste like it smells.

L y c i u m barbarum

The berries make a rejuvenating tonic with a wide range of claimed benefits including improving eyesight and helping reduce the side effects of chemotherapy in cancer patients. In Chinese cuisine worldwide young leaves and seedlings of lycium are used for soup, and the bark of the root medicinally for malaria and high blood pressure. However, it is the tasty orange- red berries, known as gou qi zi (or goji), that are prized. In Chinese terms, the berries nourish and tonify the liver and kidney meridians, and address blood and yin deficiency. In practice this means the berries are useful for conditions as varied as dryness, sore back and legs, weak muscles and ligaments, impotence, dizziness, and vision problems.

Diagnosis

There may be other evidence of poor caregiving and physical neglect, such as unwashed skin, diaper rash, skin infections, and dirty clothing. The back of the baby's head may be flat with a bald patch over the flattened area, implying that the child is left unattended for long periods of time lying on his back in the crib. The baby may exhibit a lack of appropriate social responsiveness, with an expressionless face and classic avoidance of eye contact. Normal vocal responses, such as cooing and blowing raspberries, may be absent. In children older than five months, there may be no anticipatory reaching for interesting objects. Motor milestones may be delayed. When held, instead of cuddling normally, the baby characteristically arches his back and scissors his legs, or lies limp as a rag doll in the examiner's arms. By contrast, babies with organic failure to thrive typically do not show the characteristic withdrawal behaviors of non-organic failure to thrive infants, and respond best...

Eye Problems

Glutathione, an antioxidant, is found to be especially lacking in cataracts as well as vitamin C, vitamin E, and folic acid. Vitamin A and the carotenoids are important for eye health, lutein a carotenoid is found in the lens. Foods containing these antioxidants are fruits and vegetables, spinach and other green leafy vegetables, broccoli, asparagus, legumes, avocados, oranges, dark berries, plums, and cherries. The herb bilberry is high in antioxidants, 240 to 480 mg of extract daily are recommended to protect the lens and retina, as are rosemary, turmeric, and ginger. Homeopathy remedies include Calcarea carbonica, Calcarea fluorica, Causticum, Natrum muriaticum, phosphorus, and Silicea. Take remedy according to symptom. Chinese medicine includes wolf-berry, chrysanthemum, and rumania. Nutrients recommended for macular degeneration are vitamin C 1 g, bioflavonoids, vitamin E 400 IU with mixed tocopherols, selenium 200 mcg, and the carotenoid complex. Foods containing antioxidants...

Desserts

2 cups sliced strawberries Glaze Place strawberries, kiwifruit, pears, and pineapple onto skewers and grill about 2 minutes on each side, or until browned. Mix glaze ingredients together and warm on the stove. Drizzle over kabobs. 1 cup light vanilla yogurt G cup strawberries G cup blackberries 2 Tbsp. low-fat granola G cup blueberries Alternate layers of yogurt with berries. Top with granola and serve. YIELD 1 SERVING In a large bowl, beat butter substitute and Splenda until creamy. Add eggs and vanilla extract mix well. Add whole-wheat flour, baking soda, and salt mix well. Stir in blueberries and walnuts. Spray a loaf pan with cooking spray. Pour mixture into loaf pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 1 hour. 1 cup blueberries H cup chopped walnuts cooking spray

Silicon

Silicon is needed for connective tissue, for DNA synthesis, and in maintaining artery walls. It is found in bone-building cells and collagen. It can decrease calcium and increase magnesium in the blood. A silicon deficiency might mean that your bones break more easily. With this deficiency you can have a weaker support of the bone that surrounds the teeth, which is a cause of gum disease. Foods high in silicon are pumpkin, rhubarb, strawberries, and sunflower seeds.

Sensations

The first problem was widely discussed in the nineteenth and the first part of the twentieth century by philosophers as well as psychologists (Boring 1942), although it has more recently fallen into the background. Here is how it goes. Physics tells us that the world consists of elementary particles and fields. Our sensations inform us that the world contains not only strawberries, but also the colors, tastes, and smells of strawberries. Yet although the strawberry can be

Sweeteners

Fruits are a good source of sweeteners. Juices can be added to breads, cookies, and muffins. Soaked dried fruits and dates can be ground, blended, or mashed into a paste or butter and substituted for other sweeteners in a recipe. Mashed bananas, pureed apples, and applesauce add sweetness and moistness to quickbreads, muffins, and cookies. Fruits can be used as cake fillings, frostings, and toppings. Soaked dried fruits, mashed bananas, or berries can be cooked with arrowroot to a gel and spread on cakes, tarts, or other desserts.

Chemical composition

Eugenol Chemical Structure

The dried, mature but not ripe, berries are the pimento spice of commerce. Pimento is also sold as ground spice. The berries of international standard should be between 6.5 and 9.5 mm in diameter, medium to dark brown in colour, with an uneven surface and with a pleasant odour, characteristic of the spice and with approximately 13 fruits g. The dried berry contains aromatic steam volatile oil, fixed (fatty) oil, resin, protein, starch, pigments, minerals, vitamins (Table 7.4), etc. The constituents present in the oil influence the quality and aroma of the spice. The phenolic compound eugenol and isoeugenol and the sesquiterpene hydrocarbon, P-caryophyllene are the major compounds present in allspice (Table 7.5). Several other compounds have been identified in allspice, which is present in lesser quantities (Table 7.6). The geographical variation, cultivar differences, stage of maturity, etc. also influence the quality of the berry. The quality of the berries from Jamaica are superior...

Agrimony tincture

Donald Duck Halloween Scare

Bilberries are one of the best herbs for the eyes and eyesight. They also strengthen the veins and capillaries, so are used for fragile and varicose veins. Description A short deciduous shrub with green twigs, pink flowers, and bluish-black berries. Related species North American blueberries are very similar to bilberries. There are several species, including highbush blueberry (V. corymbosum) andlowbush blueberry (V. angustifolium). Parts used Berries and leaves picked in summer. Bilberry is an ancient source of food and medicine in northern Europe. In Britain, gathering bilberries in high summer was once a regular family and social occasion, as well as a local cottage industry. The main food harvest, usually grain or potatoes, was about to begin, but the timing of early August was just right for a day celebrating bilberries. Whole communities would visit hill tops, woods, lakes, or holy wells, and the more assiduous would pick bilberries in rush or willow baskets. This was a rare...

Immunomodulation

Immediate contact dermatitis occurs when skin previously sensitized is re-exposed to the offending agent. In some people, strawberries, kiwifruit, tomato, castor bean, and others trigger a type I hypersensitivity response typified by redness, swelling, and itching.52 On first exposure, the plant antigens stimulate B lymphocytes to produce immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies which then bind mast cells. No reaction is apparent. At the second exposure, when the antigen cross-links the antibodies on the mast cell, there is an influx of calcium ions into the cell. This causes release of preformed mediators, such as histamine, heparin, enzymes, chemotactic, and activating factors, and stimulates formation of longer acting mediators, such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes. These mediators, among other things, cause vessel dilatation fluid leakage and recruitment of other blood cells to the area. These changes cause the observed skin reactions.58 A third type of dermatitis associated with...

Winter savory

Szechuan pepper or Japanese pepper is very important in the cuisine of central China and Japan, but it is also known in parts of India, especially in the Himalayan region, and in certain regions of South-East Asia. The fruit of Z. piperitum (Japanese pepper) is the genuine source of the spice. It is a small tree and often wrongly assumed to be part of the pepper family. The spice, which is the ground husks of the berries, is common in the Szechuan region of China, and the leaves of the plant are also used in Japan as spice. The ripe fruits of the tree open out in a similar way to star anise. This spice is also known by various common names such as anise pepper,fagara, Chinese brown pepper, poivre anise, anispfeffer, pimenta de anis, pepe d'anis and Szechuan pepper. The rust-red berries contain bitter, black seeds that are usually removed before the spice is sold. This spice is used whole or ground and is much used in Chinese cookery, especially with chicken and duck. It is one of the...

Berry brandy pot

Start out with bilberries, placing them in the bottom of a jar or crock and then pouring on enough brandy (or whisky) to cover. You can, of course fill the whole jar with bilberries, or you can leave room and repeat the process with other berries in layers as they come into season - raspberries, blackberries, elderberries, and lycium berries. Leave until winter and enjoy as a rather alcoholic treat, which will be packed with antioxidants and do your eyes and your veins a world of good. The liquid can be poured off and added to your syrup or glycerite, or left and enjoyed with the berries as a dessert with cream or however you like them.

Skin Tag Fibrous

Granulomas Scar Tissue

This condition is also known as 'hives'. Lesions appear rapidly and disappear within minutes or gradually over a number of hours. The clinical signs are the development of red weals which may later turn white. The area becomes itchy or may sting. There are a number of causes of urticaria, some of which are an allergic reaction to certain foods such as strawberries, shellfish, penicillin, house dust and pet fur. Other causes include stress and sensitivity to light, heat or cold.

Production and trade

Jamaica is the largest producer and exporter of pimento, accounting for 70 of the world trade. The remaining 30 is produced by Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Brazil and Belize. The dried mature but unripe berries, berry oleoresin, berry oil and leaf oil are the products of commercial importance obtained from P. dioica and they find varied uses in the food, medicine and perfume industries. Among the pimentos from various geographical locations, Jamaican pimentos are considered to be of high quality because of their flavour, appearance and size and receive a premium price in the market (Table 7.2). The major importing countries are USA (Table 7.3), Germany, the UK, Finland, Sweden and Canada. Leaf oil is mainly exported to the USA and theUK. Pimento is generally classified with capsicum in the import statistics of most countries and hence analysis of the market situation is difficult. The tree is indigenous to West Indies (Jamaica). The trees are also found in Central America (Mexico,...

Anthocyanidins

Anthocyanidins are red-blue pigments in plants, and they are especially high in fruits such as blueberries, bilberries, and other berries. Like many other flavon-oids, anthocyanidins exist in nature almost exclusively in their glycoside (anthocyanin) forms. Although the glycosides are found in many plants, the primary commercial source of anthocyanins is Vaccinium myrtillus (bilberry), in which they occur at about 3 percent.185 Bilberries are eaten as food and have also been used medicinally to treat scurvy, urinary infections, diarrhea (due to their astringent characteristics), and varicose veins, as well to improve night vision and treat other eye disorders.186

Day 2

Berry smoothie (8 oz non-fat, sugar-free fruit-flavored yogurt, cup berries, Vz cup crushed ice blend until smooth) 1 cup high-fiber cereal (such as Uncle Sam) with cup nonfat milk 1 cup fresh strawberries Berry Smoothie (8 oz non-fat, sugar-free fruit-flavored yogurt, Vz cup berries, 1 2 cup crushed ice blend until smooth) V2 cup fat-free, sugar-free vanilla pudding with 3-4 sliced strawberries Strawberries with Splenda (or sugar substitute of your choice) or dollop of fat-free frozen whipped topping 1 cup fresh strawberries 1 cup blueberries Chocolate-Dipped Strawberries (page 240) Fresh Strawberries with Lime Zest Ricotta Creme (page 182) Apples Apricots dried fresh Blueberries Cantaloupe Cherries Grapefruit Grapes Kiwi Strawberries ow that you've resolved your insulin resistance and lost a dozen or so pounds, you're ready to settle into a long-term weight-loss program. Phase 2 begins to gradually reintroduce carbohydrates into your diet, starting with low-glycemic index ones such...

Rose Myrtle

Description Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk is a bushy shrub with woolly young parts. Leaves are simple, oblong, 4-10 cm, opposites with three main longitudinal veins. Flowers are large, showy and pink, 3-4 cm wide, solitary and auxillary. Berries are oblong, 1-1.25 cm long, dark purple, fleshy and aromatic. 1-3

Grains

The more unfamiliar grains include blue corn which is sweeter than yellow corn and has a higher content of protein and manganese. It can be substituted for yellow corn in any recipe. Bul-gur is whole wheat berries that are steamed and cracked. Bulgur is easier to chew, has a lighter texture, and needs less cooking than cracked wheat. Bulgur is the main ingredient in tabouli. Couscous, a tiny bead like pasta, is made from wheat and is easily prepared by simmering in water for one minute and letting stand covered for 10 minutes. The grain is available as whole wheat or refined. Amaranth is an ancient grain that has a high protein content and contains a variety of components including calcium, magnesium, and silicon. It is categorized by botanists as a C4 plant meaning it is superior in the process of photosynthesis, which makes it a very nutritious food. Amaranth can be cooked as a side dish, added to soups and stews, or popped like popcorn. The amount of amaranth in packaged products...

Aromatherapy

Anise, atlas cedar, eucalyptus dives, yarrow, clary sage, chamomile, pennyroyal, and rosemary oils are not to be used during pregnancy spike lavender and niaouli, which have hormone-like properties, should be used with caution. Fennel oil stimulates the production of estrogen and is not to be used if an individual has breast cancer or if there is a family history of the disease. Basil and possibly tarragon oils can be carcinogenic in large quantities. Thuja, wormwood, mugwort, tansy, and hyssop are toxic when taken internally. Pine is not to be used internally. Hyssop and thuja should be administered only in small doses externally. Pennyroyal is poisonous in large doses. Savory and oregano dosages are not to exceed three drops taken internally and not to be used for more than a 21-day period. Oregano, thyme, and savory are not for external use although thyme and oregano are well tolerated if rubbed into the soles of the feet. Internal use of thyme should not exceed three drops per...

Dietary Sources

Carotenoids cannot be synthesized by humans therefore they must be obtained from dietary sources. These are primarily highly pigmented red, orange, and yellow fruits and vegetables. The caro-tenoid lycopene is red however, not all red fruits and vegetables contain lycopene. For example, the red in strawberries, apples, and cherries is a result of their anthocyanin content whereas, tomatoes, watermelon, and pink grapefruit derive their red color from lycopene. The carotenoids -carotene, -cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, and viola-xanthin are yellow to orange, and phytoene and phytofluene are colorless. Green, leafy vegetables

Details Of The Diet

Vegetable broth made with meat stock (unthickened), Beef stew with vegetables in it. (No flour), 4 to 6 oz. any meat with fat. Mince, Corned beef. Tongue, Tuna fish. Sardines in oil. Tinned salmon, Whelks or winkles, Jellied eels. Any fish (fried without batter), Head of lettuce with tomatoes, Vinegar olive oil dressing. Black pepper for seasoning, Serving of peas or French beans with butter, Fresh fruit, e.g. raspberries or blackberries in season, with cream

Viburnum o p u l u s

Description A large shrub or small tree with palmate leaves, white blossoms and vivid red berries. This beautiful native tree should be more widely planted in gardens for its all-year generosity. It has showy creamy-white flowerheads in early summer, while in late summer and fall the berries ripen to a stunning scarlet, their translucence lending them a gorgeous glow, and the foliage colors intensify as the weather cools. The berries are edible, and make a delicious jelly.

What Is Sucrose

A role in human diets ever since primates began evolving on a diet of fruit and berries in the tropical forests of Africa 50 million years ago. Sucrose is chemically classified as a carbohydrate and a simple sugar, specifically a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose (Figure 1). Its proper scientific name is The natural sweetness of fruit and honey comes from mixtures of sucrose, glucose, and fructose. The mild sweetness of milk comes from another disaccharide, lactose, composed of glucose and galactose.

Bezoars

Bezoars in humans cause the feeling of fullness, pain, nausea, and vomiting, and they reduce or prevent stomach emptying. Treatment may include avoidance of fibrous foods such as apples, berries, Brussels sprouts, beans, and sauerkraut, as well as changes in any medication being taken. Be-zoars may also form in animals' stomachs. In ancient Persian medicine, be-zoars were used as an antidote to poison. see also Cravings Pica.

Asian Fruit

The fruits of Asia are unlike those of any other part of the world. The tropical climate of South and Southeast Asia, and the mild climate of East Asia, create a hospitable environment for many different fruits to grow. Fruit is a significant part of the Asian diet and is usually eaten as a dessert with lunch or dinner. In East Asia, oranges, quince, dates, pears, strawberries, cherries, watermelon, peaches, and grapefruit are eaten widely. In South and Southeast Asia, there are unique fruits such as sweet mangoes (originally

Poisonous Parts

Poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac are closely related species, all three containing a colorless or slightly yellow oil called urushiol. Skin contact with this oil causes an allergic reaction. While each of these three plants contains a slightly different type of urushiol, they are so similar that children sensitive to one type will react to all three. The entire plant contains urushiol and is therefore poisonous leaves, berries, stalk, and roots.

Hawthorn tincture

The best hawthorn tincture is made in two parts, using the flowers and leaves gathered in spring and then adding the berries in the fall when they are ripe. In fall Put the berries in a blender with enough hawthorn flower tincture to cover (if you don't have enough, you can add vodka), and blend to a mush. Pour the mixture into wide-mouthed jars - this is important because hawthorn berries have so much pectin that the BERRIES FLOWERS, LEAVES & BERRIES Hawthorn tincture

Sambucus nigra

If ever the soul of a plant has been fought for, it is elder. An important herb through the ages, it has been described as a whole medicine-chest in one plant. Less used now than formerly, its flowers remain a wonderful fever remedy and delicious in drinks or desserts. The berries work against flu and colds, and help relieve coughs. The leaves, as an ointment, are good for bruises. Description A shrub or small tree, with fragrant clusters of creamy white flowers in summer, followed by black berries in fall. blue elder (S. nigra spp. caerulea). They can be used interchangeably with black elder, but the raw fruit may be more likely to cause stomach upset in some people. The North American red-berried elder (S. racemosa) has been used medicinally but the berries are more likely to cause digestive upsets (especially the seeds of raw berries). Parts used Flowers and berries leaves externally. And if that seemed to stretch credulity, judging by the tree's weak branches, there was something...