References

[1] Mettlin CJ, Murphy GP, McDonald CJ, et al. The National cancer data base report on increase use of brachytherapy for the treatment of patients with prostate carcinoma in the USA. Cancer 1999; 86: 1877-1882.

[2] Lee RW, Moughan J, Owen J, et al. The 1999 Patterns of care Study of radiotherapy in localized prostatic carcinoma. A comprehensive survey of prostate brachytherapy in the United States. Cancer 2003; 98 (9): 1987-1994.

[3] Ash D, Flynn A, Battermann J, Reijke T, et al. ESTRO/EAU/EORTC recomendations on permanent seed implantation for localizad prostate cancer. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2000, 57:315-321.

[4] Battermann JJ, Boon TA, Moerland A et al. Results of permanent prostate brachyther-apy, 13 years of experience at a single institution. Radiotherapy and Oncology 2004; 71:23-28.

[5] Fleming I, Cooper JS, Henson DE, et al. AJCC Cancer staging Manual, 5th edn. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Lippincitt-Raven, 1997.

[6] Zelefsky MJ, Leibel SA, Gaudin PB, et al. Dose escalation with three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy affects the outcome in prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 1998; 41:491-500.

[7] Brenner DJ, Martinez AA, Edmundson GK, et al. Direct evidence that prostate tumors show high sensitivity to fractionation (low alpha/beta ratio), similar to late-responding normal tissue. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2002;52:6-13.

[8] Duchesne GM, Peters LJ. What is the alpha/beta ratio for prostate cancer? Rationale for hypofractionated high-dose-rate brachytherapy.[editorial]. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 1999;44:747-748.

[9] Fowler JF. The radiobiology of prostate cancer including new aspects of fractionated radiotherapy. Acta Oncol 2005;44:265-276.

[10] Fowler JF. The linear-quadratic formula and progress in fractionated radiotherapy. Br J Radiol 1989;62:679-694.

[11] Prada PJ, Fernandez J, Martinez A, et al. Transperineal injection of hyaluronic acid in the anterior peri-rectal fat to decease rectal toxicity from radiation delivered with intensity modulated brachytherapy or EBRT for prostate cancer patients. Int J Oncol Biol Phys. 2007; 69 (1):95-102.

[12] Prada PJ, González H, Menéndez C, et al. Transperineal Injection of Hyaluronic Acid in the Anterior Peri-rectal Fat to Decrease Rectal Toxicity from Radiation Delivered with Low Dose Rate Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer Patients. Brachytherapy. 8(2): 210-217, 2009.

[13] Ghadjar P, Keller T, Rentsch C A, et al. Toxicity and early treatment outcomes in low and intermediate-risk prostate cancer managed by high-dose-rate brachytherapy as a monotherapy. Brachytherapy 2009; 8:45-51.

[14] Martin T, Baltas D, Kurek R, et al. 3-D conformal HDR brachytherapy as monothera-py for localized prostate cancer. A pilot study. Strahlenther Onkol 2004; 180:225-232.

[15] Yoshioka Y, Takayuki N, Yoshida K, et al. High-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy as a monotherapy for localized próstata cáncer: treatment description and preliminary results of a phase I/II clinical trial.. Int J Oncol Biol Phys 2000; 48(3):675-681.

[16] Konishi K, Yoshioka Y, Isohashi F, et al. Correlation between dosimetric parameters and late rectal and urinary toxicities in patients treated with high-dose-rate brachy-therapy used as monotherapy for prostate cancer. Int J Oncol Biol Phys 2009; 75(4): 1003-1007.

Section 4

Prostate Cancer Markers

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