Alternative Therapies for Premenstrual Syndrome
Curing Premenstrual Tension Naturally
Is Moodiness, Pain and Bloating Paralyzing Your Life In the Days Leading Up to Your Period? Just what is premenstrual tension also known as PMS anyway and why does it cause most women so much misery?
Studies during the 1960s showing that vitamin B6 supplements were effective in overcoming some of the side effects of (high-dose) oral contraceptives have led to the use of vitamin B6 in treatment of the premenstrual syndrome - the condition of nervousness, irritability, emotional disturbance, headache, and or depression suffered by many women for up to 10 days before menstruation. Twelve placebo-controlled, double-blind trials of vitamin B6 in the premenstrual syndrome were reviewed by Kleijnen et al. (1990) the evidence of beneficial effects was weak. In three of the studies, there was a significant beneficial effect of vitamin B6 supplements of 100 to 500 mg per day. Five studies yielded ambiguous results and a further three reported the following an improvement for 82 of subjects receiving 100 mg of vitamin B6 per day, and 70 of those receiving placebo apositive trend but no statistical significance using 200 mg per day and disappointing and not clear results using 50 mg per day....
In principle, everyone might use both set of cues equally, but in fact, numerous studies to be described in later chapters make it clear that people differ in which of these two sources is most influential. These individual differences have some interesting relationships with other phenomena. For reasons that will become apparent, we have called the two kinds of cues situational and personal. People who are more responsive to personal cues are more likely to report feelings consistent with their behaviors, and they are more sensitive to pain in addition, if they are women, they are more likely to experience premenstrual syndrome. In contrast, people who are less responsive to personal cues instead respond to the situational cues that lead
Premenstrual syndrome Interest in EPO supplements as a potential treatment for PMS began in the early 1980s, largely as a result of investigational work published by David Horrobin. In the Journal of Reproductive Medicine be reported on positive results obtained in three double-blind placebo-controlled studies and two open trials in women with premenstrual syndrome (Horrobin 1983).
Magnesium status can be assessed by measuring magnesium in serum, erythrocyte, leucocyte, and urine. Serum magnesium is the method most commonly used. Confounding effects of haemolysis, energetic exercise, and pregnancy are reported. Ery-throcyte magnesium is considered indicative of a long-term status. Confounding effects of age, thyroid disease, and premenstrual tension are reported. Leucocyte magnesium is considered indicative of intracellular status. Urinary magnesium is used as an indicator of magnesium deficiency after a load test. Some precautions are necessary for this test. Magnesium is measured by flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) or automated colorimetric methods. The serum plasma free ionized magnesium determination by selective electrode has been considered a better indicator of status. Further studies are required.
Recommended for treatment of a variety of conditions in which there is an underlying physiological or biochemical mechanism to justify the use of supplements, although in most cases there is little evidence of efficacy. Such conditions include postnatal depression, depression and other side effects associated with oral contraceptives, hyperemesis of pregnancy, and the premenstrual syndrome. Vitamin B6 in the Premenstrual Syndrome The studies showing a beneficial action of vitamin B6 in overcoming depression associated with oral contraceptives have led to the use of the vitamin in depression and other pathology associated with endogenous estrogens in the premenstrual syndrome. There is no evidence of poorer vitamin B6 nutritional status in women who suffer from the premenstrual syndrome. There are few well-controlled studies of the effects of vitamin B6 in premenstrual syndrome. In general, those that have been properly controlled report little benefit from doses between 50 and 200 mg...
Cimicifuga racemosa (Cimicifuga) 48 Cucumis colocynthis (Colocynthis) 52 Graphites (Graphites) 83 Platinum metallicum (Platina) 95 Syphilinum (Syphilinum) 113 Thuja occidentalis (Thuja) 64 see also individual ailments by name, e.g., premenstrual syndrome menstrual cycle 198
Premenstrual syndrome, or premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), is an association of distressing Despite the plethora of research studies on the subject, there exists no commonly agreed definition of PMS among gynecologists and researchers. The lack of consensus is probably due to the large number of symptoms described. PMS was previously associated only with nervous tension and termed premenstrual tension (PMT). However, this term is no longer used as it only describes a limited range of the numerous symptoms experienced by many women. The most commonly mentioned symptoms of PMS are now grouped into psychological and somatic categories (Table 1). aPMS (premenstrual syndrome) is used in place of Abraham's PMT (premenstrual tension).
What about the herbal remedy kava kava People have used this herb (also known as Piper methysticum) for problems of insomnia, stress, anxiety, and premenstrual syndrome. In a study reported in Phytotherapy Research in 2001, researchers treated subjects who suffered from stress-induced insomnia with kava kava for several weeks and then treated them with valerian. The researchers found that both herbs were effective. The most frequent side effect found with valerian was vivid dreams, experienced by 16 percent of the subjects. The most frequent side effect experienced with kava kava was dizziness, experienced by 12 percent of the subjects.
Hormones play some indirect role in human aggression. Interaction with external stimuli may affect the threshold of aggressive behavior. Some researchers have concluded that high testosterone levels could be a result of aggressive behavior. In women, premenstrual tension syndrome is associated with a number of aggressive behaviors, such as violent crime.
Similar differences in sensory sensitivity occur for pain as well. Participants who were more responsive to personal cues detect cold pressor pain more rapidly and tolerate less of it (Genov, Pietrzak, Laird, Bemis, & Fortunato, 2000). Differences in susceptibility to premenstrual tension also seem to reflect these differences in sensory acuity (Schnall, Abrahamson, & Laird, 2002).
A little more distance outside the laboratory and into the outside world is provided by two recent studies of premenstrual tension. Simone Schnall This line of reasoning led to a preliminary study in which women were asked to describe their emotional feelings and bodily sensations every other day for 2 months. Mood changes associated with the stage of a woman's menstrual cycle that were consistent over the 2 months were the index of premenstrual tension. At the end of the 2 months, each woman went through a standard expression manipulation procedure to determine her response to personal cues. The results were clear When they were not reminded, women who were both responsive to personal cues and in their premenstrual week reported more negative feelings than if they were not premenstrual. Stage of cycle made no difference to the situational women. When they were reminded that they were premenstrual, however, the moods of personal cue women were better than if they were not...
The third set of observations, which in my view provide the most persuasive evidence against experimenter bias, were the double-blind interaction studies. In these studies experimenters were blind to participants' standing on some variable that was predicted to interact with the behavioral manipulations. As a consequence, the experimenters could not have influenced some participants' responses in one direction and other participants' responses in the other direction. For example, in two recent studies (Schnall & Laird, 2002), women were asked to adopt facial expressions of smiles and frowns. As usual, we found that some responded to the personal cues of their expressions and felt happier or angrier when adopting the expressions. Others were not affected by their expressions. In a separate procedure we identified which of these women were more or less likely to experience premenstrual tension. At the time the expression manipulation measures were obtained, we had not yet assessed...
Pyridoxine is extremely important in the development of the nervous system. It helps process amino acids and is involved in the production of serotonin, melatonin, and dopamine. The vitamin has been used to reduce morning sickness during pregnancy. A hormonal shift leading to PMS (premenstrual syndrome) in women, and nerve compression injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome,
Estrogens cause abnormalities of tryptophan metabolism that resemble those seen in vitamin B6 deficiency, and the vitamin is widely used to treat the side effects of estrogen administration and estrogen-associated symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome, although there is little evidence of its efficacy. High doses of the vitamin, of the order of 100 times requirements, cause peripheral sensory neuropathy.
See also Appetite Psychobiological and Behavioral Aspects. Brain and Nervous System. Caffeine. Children Nutritional Problems. Diabetes Mellitus Etiology and Epidemiology. Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa. Exercise Diet and Exercise. Fatty Acids Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Omega-6 Polyunsaturated. Food Choice, Influencing Factors. Food Folklore. Food Intolerance. Glucose Metabolism and Maintenance of Blood Glucose Level Glucose Tolerance. Glycemic Index. Homocysteine. Hunger. Hyperactivity. Hypoglycemia. Iodine Deficiency Disorders. Iron. Lipids Composition and Role of Phospholipids. Meal Size and Frequency. Older People Nutrition-Related Problems. Premenstrual Syndrome. Sports Nutrition. Supplementation Dietary Supplements Role of Micronutrient Supplementation. Vitamin E Metabolism and Requirements.
The foremost characteristic of the vata metabolic type is changeability. People of this type are active, energetic, moody, imaginative, and impulsive prone to erratic sleep patterns, intestinal problems, nervous disorders, and premenstrual syndrome. There is a sensitivity to cold and dry and their vulnerable season is autumn. Pitta types are predictable, aggressive, intense, efficient, articulate, moderate in daily habits, short-tempered, and impatient. They tend to perspire more and may be open to poor digestion, ulcers, skin inflammations, hemorrhoids, and heartburn. In summer they are sensitive to the sun and heat. Kapha is relaxed, stable, conservative, with a tendency to laziness and procrastination. They sleep long and move, eat, and digest food slowly. There is an inclination toward overweight, allergies, sinus, and lung congestion and they are highly susceptible to the cold of winter.
Symptoms Short, variable, late, or absent menstrual flow with severe pain. There may be delayed onset of menstruation in puberty Severe premenstrual syndrome may respond to the remedy, particularly if it is accompanied by indigestion, weepiness, and mood swings. In pregnancy, if the general symptom picture fits, Pulsatilla is given for stress incontinence, fatigue, indigestion, and morning sickness (especially if this is brought on by fatty foods). It may also act on the uterine muscles to help turn a malpresented or breech baby in the uterus during labor.