Three Levels of Personality Analysis

Although the definition of personality used in this book is quite broad and encom passing, personality can be analyzed at three levels. These three levels are well summarized by Kluckhohn & Murray , in their 1948 book on culture and personality , in which they state that every human being is, in certain respects,

1. Like all others (the human nature level).

2. Like some others (the level of individual and group dif ferences).

3. Like no others (the individual uniqueness level).

Another way to think of these distinctions is that the first level refers to "universals (the ways in which we are all alike), the middle level refers to "particulars" (the ways in which we are like some people but unlike others), and the third level refers to "uniqueness" (the ways in which we are unlike any other person) (see T able 1.1).

Human Nature

The first level of personality analysis describes human nature in general—the traits and mechanisms of personality that are typical of our species and are possessed by everyone or nearly everyone. For example, nearly every human has language skills, which allow him or her to learn and use a language. All cultures on earth speak a language, so spoken language is part of the universal human nature. At a psychological level, all humans possess fundamental psychological mechanisms—for example, the desire to live with others and belong to social groups—and these mechanisms are

Was this article helpful?

+2 0
Eliminating Stress and Anxiety From Your Life

Eliminating Stress and Anxiety From Your Life

It seems like you hear it all the time from nearly every one you know I'm SO stressed out!? Pressures abound in this world today. Those pressures cause stress and anxiety, and often we are ill-equipped to deal with those stressors that trigger anxiety and other feelings that can make us sick. Literally, sick.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • Vanessa
    What is missing from the three levels of personality?
    9 months ago
  • Sheshy
    What are the level of personality?
    7 months ago
  • lalia
    How does Joseph and Lakshmi's three levels of personality impact social intelligence?
    4 months ago
  • ROBERTO
    What are the three levels of human nature in psychology?
    9 days ago

Post a comment