So far in this chapter , we have seen that there are some dif ferences in personality between the sexes but also many similarities. We have also seen that people hold stereotypes of sex differences that may go beyond the actual dif ferences—stereotypes that can have lasting consequences for people' s day-to-day lives. This section examines the major theories that have been proposed for explaining how sex dif ferences arise. These include traditional theories of socialization and more complex theories of social roles and other notions of "gendered environments," hormonal theories, and, most recently , theories anchored in evolutionary psychology .
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