Personal Security Ebook
Much of our knowledge about the relationship between drugs and crime comes from detailed self-report information on the type, extent, and severity of criminal activity of NARCOTIC (mainly heroin) addicts. Large-scale, independently conducted studies have convincingly shown that increases in property crime and robbery, which has components of both property crime and violence, are associated with increased heroin use. Such a relationship, however, is less clear for violent crimes other than robbery. Prevalence and Scope of Property and Violent Crime. Several key studies reveal an exceptionally high prevalence of property crime among narcotic addicts. Anglin and Speckart (1988) found that 82 percent of a sample of 386 California male narcotic addicts reported involvement in property crime over an average five-year period of daily narcotic use. Anglin and Hser (1987) reported that 77 percent of a sample of 196 female narcotic addicts from California admitted to...
All the boot-camp prisons incorporate the core components of military basic training, with physical training and hard labor. Most target young offenders convicted of nonviolent crimes such as drug, burglary, or theft. Participation is limited to those who do not have an extensive past history of criminal activity.
Using the Community Survey Questionnaire (CSQ Earls, 1994), we asked mothers about the presence of certain events in the neighborhood in the past year using a Likert scale (often, sometimes, rarely, never) such as fights with a weapon, sexual assault, robbery, burglary, and domestic violence. Across items, Perceived Local Crime was endorsed at least sometimes by one third to one half of the sample. Alpha was .85.
Beginning in 1996, with funds from the National Institutes of Health (R01DA MH11157), we began a series of maternal interviews with residents of selected inner city neighborhoods in Boston. We selected five urban contiguous residential zip codes with the highest crime police district rates (twice the citywide rate) for seven serious crimes (homicide, rape, robbery, simple assault, aggravated assault, burglary, and larceny) for the 5 years prior to the outset of the study (1991-1995) from which to draw a high-risk community sample of preschool children and their mothers. Residential zip codes corresponded to geographically contiguous census tracts with high concentration of ethnic minority residents, female-headed households, adolescent pregnancy, and school dropout rates, according to U.S. census data for 1990. The sampling strategy was aimed at over sampling dyads exposed to high levels of community violence however, reported neighborhood crime varied widely due to the large...
Instances of offense, many illegal sellers and heroin abusers arrested for robbery, burglary, and theft can be and are imprisoned. Thus, an increasingly larger proportion of British prisoners are heroin addicts. Between 1979 and 1984, seizures of illegal drugs went up tenfold, incarcerated drug offenders went up fourfold, and the consumption of heroin increased by 350 percent but heroin prices decreased by 20 percent.
The DUF program had three specific goals (1) to forecast drug epidemics, (2) to understand the nature of arrestee drug use, and (3) to provide drug treatment services for arrestees. Arrestees tested positive for drugs at very high levels as many as 80 percent in some cities tested positive for at least one illegal drug. The drug of choice in the late 1980s through the mid-1990s was cocaine, followed by marijuana and opiates. There was a notable increase in the use of marijuana in the mid-1990s and by the late 1990s some cities found that methamphetamines were the drug of choice among arrestees. These cities were located in the western and southwestern United States. In general, women were more likely to test positive than men, and arrestees in their late twenties were the age group most likely to test positive. In addition, women charged with the crime of prostitution were the group most likely to test positive for drugs. It was no surprise that arrestees charged with drug crimes...
How accurate are our memories of past events It is hard to know, because we do not generally have access to objective information about what actually happened. A dramatic exception to this occurred with respect to the Watergate scandal in the early 1970s, in which it emerged that President Nixon and his associates had engaged in a cover-up of the White House involvement in the Watergate burglary. The case was of interest to memory researchers, because tape recordings had been made of all the conversations that had taken place in the Oval Office of the White House.
Why do people work if they are not paid When Eastern Europe was under the control of communism, everyone had a job. Although the pay was not good by Western standards, at least most people had their basic needs met they could buy food and clothing, live in an apartment or house, and have some level of financial, social, and personal security. When communism fell apart across Eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s, many of the state-supported factories could no longer pay their workers, at least not on a regular basis. Oddly enough, however, many of these workers continued to regularly come to work in their factories. Why did they continue to work even if they were not paid for a long time
Another assumption made by Bartlett (1932) was that memorial distortions occur mainly because of schema-driven reconstructive processes operating at the time of retrieval. As we saw in the study by Bransford and Johnson (1972), schemas often influence comprehension processes rather than retrieval processes. However, schemas do sometimes influence the retrieval of information from long-term memory. Anderson and Pichert (1978) asked participants to read a story from the perspective of either a burglar or someone interested in buying a home. After they had recalled the story, they were asked to shift to the
The company hires smart women and men. b. The burglar threatened the student with the knife. In (1a), the ambiguity lies in whether the adjective smart modifies (provides information about) both women and men resulting in a practice not to hire unintelligent people of either sex, or whether smart modifies women only. In (1b), the phrase with the knife could be used to describe the manner in which the burglar threatened the student, or to indicate which student was threatened. Chomsky (1957) used The different underlying relationships in ambiguous sentences can frequently be observed directly by manipulating the form of the ambiguous sentence. When the order of the string smart women and men is reversed to men and smart women, the sentence can only be understood as involving modification of women but not men. When the adverb wildly is inserted before with the knife, only the reading in which the burglar is using the knife remains possible.
Truancy is defined as unexcused absences from school without parents' knowledge. Causes of truancy may include social (e.g., peer pressure), family (e.g., low parental involvement, discord, abusive or neglectful environment), and individual factors (e.g., low IQ, drug or alcohol use, psychological disorder). As such, frequent truancy may signal other difficulties in a child's life. Chronic truancy has been associated with delinquency (e.g., daytime burglary, vandalism, running away, lying), poor academic performance, and dropout rates. It may be predictive of criminal behavior in adulthood among children who also engage in other forms of delinquent behavior and have a history of conduct problems from an early age. Truancy should be distinguished from school refusal, which is defined as staying home from school with parents' knowledge due to emotional distress about attending. Whereas truancy is commonly associated with antisocial behavior, school refusal has been linked to anxiety...
It is a mistake to lump all children together and fail to recognize the wide variation among them and also the variation in situations and resources. For example, one situation might involve a mature twelve-year-old child who follows an agreed-upon routine while at home, has a secure home, can communicate via telephone or computer with at least one parent, and has a neighbor who checks in once or twice and watches the house. Quite another situation might involve a thirteen-year-old child who is beginning to ex
Download Instructions for Bulletproof Home
You can safely download your risk free copy of Bulletproof Home from the special discount link below.