• Vetch species are rich sources of phenolic compounds.
• Flavonoids, phenolic acids, and condensed tannins present in seeds of the Vicia species exhibit strong antioxidant properties as measured using different chemical methods.
• These activities may help in the prevention and/or treatment of pathological disorders in which free radical oxidation, inflammation, and cellular activation are suggested to play a fundamental pathogenic role.
• Seeds of common vetch contain the neurotoxins g-glutamyl-b-cyanoalanine, b-cyanoalanine, vicianin, and prunasin.
• The cooking procedure and technological process can reduce the content of the nerotoxins in seeds of Vicia sativa.
• Canavanin and pyrimidine glycosides are present in Vicia sativa seeds.
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