Summary Points

• Nut consumption is associated with improved cardiovascular outcomes.

• Nuts are predominantly composed of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

• Nuts also contain other beneficial bioactive compounds, such as protein, L-arginine (amino acid precursor to nitric oxide), folate, antioxidant vitamins and compounds, calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

• Nuts may confer cardiovascular benefit through their ability to decrease LDL-C and improve vasoreactivity, and their ability to act as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-arrhythmic agent.


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