Summary Points

• Olive oil obtained from olive seeds or fruits contains large amounts of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.

• Olive oil is a good source of esters of fatty acids, hydrocarbons (including carotenoids and squalene), and phytosterols.

• Tocopherols and tocotrienols are also present in olive oil.

• The high levels of phenolic compounds result in high antioxidant activity.

• Olive oil influences positively cardiovascular disease, immune function, and gastrointestinal (GI) disease.

• Olive oil improves the curing of mortal diseases like cancer and liver disease.

• Dietary use of olive oil is therefore helpful in maintaining good health.

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