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Health Benefits of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Seeds and Peanut Oil Consumption

Katarzyna Suchoszek-tukaniuk1, Anna Jaromin2, Mariola Korycinska2, Arkadiusz Kozubek2

1Oleofarm, Producer of Pharmaceutical & Cosmetic Raw Materials, Dietary Supplements and Healthy Food, Pietrzykowice, Poland

2 Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Wroclaw, Department of Lipids and Liposomes, Wroclaw, Poland

CHAPTER OUTLINE

Introduction 874 Botanical Description 874 Historical Cultivation and Usage 875

Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 875

Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 875 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 879 Summary Points 879 References 879

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AAD, average American diet AIP, atherogenic index of plasma BMI, body mass index CHD, coronary heart disease CVD, cardiovascular disease FDA, Federal Drug Administration FFPF, fat-free peanut flour HDL, high density lipoprotein INS-1, the rat pancreatic beta cell line LDL, low density lipoprotein MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid OO, olive oil PO, peanut oil

PPB, peanuts and peanut butter PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acids TAG, triacylglycerol

TC, total cholesterol

TNF-a, tumor necrosis factor a

USDA, United States Department of Agriculture

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