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HDLC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol

IR, insulin resistance

IRS-1, insulin receptor substrate 1

IS, insulin secretion

LCACoA, long-chain acyl-CoA

LDLC, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

ME, malic enzyme nPKC0, novel protein kinase-C0

PDH c, pyruvate dehydrogenase complex

PPARa: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor a

SCD1, stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1

SRD, sucrose-rich diet

SREBP-1, sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1

TG, triglyceride

UCP1, uncoupling protein 1

VLDL-TG, very low density lipoprotein-triglyceride

ZDF fa/fa, Zucker diabetic obese rats


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