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Use of Seeds of Malay Apple (Ziziphus mauritiana) and Related Species in Health and Disease

Tulika Mishra, Alistair G. Paice, Aruna Bhatia

Immunology and Immunotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Punjabi University, Punjab, India

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, King's College London, London, UK

CHAPTER OUTLINE

Introduction 733 Botanical Description 734 Historical Cultivation and Usage 734

Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 735

Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 736 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 738 Summary Points 738 References 738

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome TH, T-helper cells

HL-60, human promyelocyte leukemia cell line

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