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Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) Seed Volatile Oil: Chemistry and Role in Health and Disease Prevention

Kanagal Sahana, Subban Nagarajan, Lingamallu Jagan Mohan Rao

Plantation Products, Spices and Flavour Technology Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India

CHAPTER OUTLINE

Introduction 418

The trade in spices 418 Botanical Description 418 Historical Cultivation and Usage 418

Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 419

Proximate composition and specification 420

Sensory quality and storage 420 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 420 Composition of volatile oil 420 Medicinal values 425 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 425 Summary Points 426 References 426

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

ASTA, American Spice Trade Association DPPH -1, 1diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl GC, gas chromatography

GC-MS, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry GRAS, generally regarded as safe HD, hydrodistillation MWE, microwave extraction

OS-SD, combination of organic solvent and steam distillation SCFE, supercritical fluid extraction

SD, steam distillation SFME, solvent-free microwave extraction SIM, selective ion monitoring SIRA, stable isotope ratio analysis SWE, superheated water extraction Sx Ex, Soxhlet extraction

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