Presentday Cultivation And Usage

Betel nut seeds usually germinate in a minimum time of 6 weeks, and 1- to 2-year-old seedlings are planted into their permanent sites at a density of 1000—1500 palms per hectare. The palms usually begin to flower and fruit after 7 years. It takes 10—15 years to achieve maximum fruit production, which continues for 45—75 years. Use of inorganic fertilizers has, however, increased the production of betel nut in recent years. Around 10—20% of world's population uses betel nut (Gupta & Warnakulasuriya, 2002) (Figure 23.4). Recently, the trend has changed to chewing processed betel products known as pan-masalas and gutka. These are available in small, attractive, and convenient sachets for individual use (Figure 23.5), which contain a mixture of betel nut, cardamom, fennel, and slaked lime, and may also contain tobacco. Table 23.1 summarizes the different methods of use of betel nut.

FIGURE 23.2

Preparation of betel nut, with betel quid. A betel quid (sulemani pan — without slaked lime) prepared in the traditional way using betel nuts and betel leaves. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paan_Making.jpg.

FIGURE 23.2

Preparation of betel nut, with betel quid. A betel quid (sulemani pan — without slaked lime) prepared in the traditional way using betel nuts and betel leaves. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paan_Making.jpg.

FIGURE 23.3

Betel nut with betel quid, slaked lime, and tobacco. A betel quid (pan) prepared in the traditional way using betel nuts, betel leaves, slaked lime, and tobacco.

FIGURE 23.3

Betel nut with betel quid, slaked lime, and tobacco. A betel quid (pan) prepared in the traditional way using betel nuts, betel leaves, slaked lime, and tobacco.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Health And Fitness 101

Health And Fitness 101

Self-improvement is a thing which you must practice throughout your life because once you started to believe that you are perfect then, things will start to become complex. You need to know that no one is perfect and no one can be perfect.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment