Osmanthus fragrans is a traditional and famous ornamental plant in China. The flower is especially valued as an additive to tea and other beverages consumed in the Far East. The extracts
of the flower are of high value, and are only used in the most expensive perfumes (Wang et al., 2006). O. fragrans (flower, seed, and root) is also used in folk medicine. Therefore, planting areas for O. fragrans trees in the south and middle of China have increased exponentially. In recent years, a number of studies have been conducted to explore the pharmacological potential and novel health benefits of O. fragrans seeds. This chapter describes the cultivation of O. fragrans, and reviews the pharmacological potential and health benefits of its seeds.
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