One of the pressing needs of today is to utilize crops to the maximum in order to meet the nutritional and health requirements of humankind. Watermelon, a widely used crop, offers calories, water, minerals, and proteins, while its seeds provide oil (therapeutic) and "kernel cake" as filling and fibrous sources. The crop's easy adaptability to dry conditions enables it to be domesticated under cultivable conditions. This chapter concentrates on the rich watermelon seed oils, which are composed chiefly of polyunsaturated fatty acids (i.e., oleic, linoleic, and traces of linolenic acids) along with saturated fatty acids like palmitic and stearic acids, and storage glycerides (El-Adawy & Taha, 2001; Logaraj, 2010).
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