Adenanthera pavonina is a tropical tree, also known by many common names, such as the red sandalwood, coralwood, coral bean tree, or red bead tree. This plant is endemic to South-east China and India, and has been introduced throughout the humid tropics. It has been widely naturalized in Malaysia, Western and Eastern Africa, and most islands of the Pacific and Caribbean regions. This species is extensively cultivated as a valuable agroforestry species; there are also historical accounts of its uses in traditional medicine. A. pavonina is also known as a "food tree," because its seeds are often eaten by people.
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