Introduction

Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. Gaert., Asteraceae) seeds have been used for centuries as a herbal medicine, mainly for the treatment of liver diseases. The common name, milk thistle, is derived from the milky-white veins on the leaves, which, when broken open, yield a milky sap. The active constituents of milk thistle seeds are three isomeric flavonolignans, namely silibinin (silybin), silychristin, and silidianin, collectively known as silymarin, which is extracted from the dried milk thistle seeds. Silibinin is the most biologically active. The seeds also contain other flavonolignans, betaine, apigenin, silybonol, proteins, fixed oil, and free fatty acids, which may contribute to the health-giving effects of milk thistle seeds (DerMarderosian, 2001; Evans, 2002).

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100 Health Tips

100 Health Tips

Breakfast is the most vital meal. It should not be missed in order to refuel your body from functional metabolic changes during long hours of sleep. It is best to include carbohydrates, fats and proteins for an ideal nutrition such as combinations of fresh fruits, bread toast and breakfast cereals with milk. Learn even more tips like these within this health tips guide.

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