The Mangifera genus comprises about 40 species, of which at least 26 are known to produce edible fruits (Verheij & Coronel, 1991). The most common species in this genus is Mangifera indica, or the common mango, which is cultivated in many tropical regions and consumed worldwide. This fruit has been extensively utilized as a foodstuff, as well as an ingredient for nutraceuticals and functional foods. Other than common mango, one of the important species in this genus is Mangifera pajang, also known as bambangan (in Malay) or wild mango. This tree grows in the wild, and is endemic to Borneo Island. Nowadays, this tree is also cultivated by local people on Borneo Island.
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