Litchi has been grown for more than 2000 years, and wild litchi has been found in Guangxi, Yunnan, and Guangdong provinces. The fruit tree spread to Burma in the 17th century, and then to India, the UK, France, South Africa, the USA, and other countries over the next several centuries. Commercial orchards have been established in the past 20 years. Litchi is largely eaten fresh, and is also dried for preservation. Table 82.1 gives the major nutritional composition of litchi pulp. The fruit also exhibits good pharmacological properties, such as beneficial effects against gastralgia, tumor, and cough. In traditional Chinese medicine, litchi seed is used to relieve neuralgic pain (Li, 2008).
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