Anacardium occidentale Apium graveolens Azadiracta indica
Safe for mice at high dose (0.3 g/kg). No adverse effects on human skin observed. More toxic against Aphanius dispar (killifish) than An. stephensi larvae
Safe for Oreochromis niloticus Nile Tilapia fishes at 2.3 ppm
Safe for the bug Diplonychus annulatum and the midge Chironomus circumdatus. No change in behavior and survival noticed at LC50
Farias et al., 2009 Choochote et al., 2004 Khan et al., 2000
Sumroiphon et al., 2006
Rawani et al., 2009
See Shaalan and Canyon (2010) for these citation references.
control mosquito vectors, and should be considered for inclusion in mosquito control programs. The remaining obstacle is how to make production acceptable, efficient, and affordable in order for local affected populations to prevent mosquito bites and interrupt mosquito-borne disease transmission.
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