Cyanogenic Glycosides in Nuts and Seeds

Daniel J. Ballhorn

Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA

CHAPTER OUTLINE

Introduction 129

Botanical Description, Historical and Present-Day Cultivation 131

Almonds, Apricots, and Peaches 131 Flaxseed 132 Lima bean 132 Macadamia nuts 132 Cycad seeds 132 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention — Adverse Effects and Reactions 132

Almonds, Apricots, and Peaches 132 Flaxseed 133 Lima bean 133 Macadamia nuts 133 Cycad seeds 134 Toxicity and Detoxification of Cyanide 134 Summary Points 135 References 136

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

BMAA, ß-methylamino-L-alanine

HCN, hydrogen cyanide

HDL, high density lipoprotein cholesterin

INC, International Nut and Dried Fruit Foundation

LDL, low density lipoprotein cholesterin

USDA, United States Department of Agriculture

WP ALS-PD, Western Pacific Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/Parkinsonism-Dementia Complex

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