Known as an important fruit tree, guava (Psidium guajava L.) belongs to the myrtle family (Myrtaceae). The guava tree is small (10 m) with spreading branches, and its young branches are quadrangular and downy. The leaves are extremely aromatic when compressed, evergreen, reverse, short-petioled, oval, and irregular in outline. The tree produces a flower with four or five white petals, which rapidly drop. The fruit, which has a soft green peel, exudes a strong sugary smell, and the central pulp, which can be red or yellowish-white, is juicy, and normally filled with hard, yellowish, unpalatable seeds.
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