Botanical Description

Sesame, an annual herb in the Pedaliaceae family (Sugano & Akimoto, 1993) (Figure 121.1), prefers a hot climate. It is a drought-resistant plant that gives its maximum yield when grown at 25—27°C. It takes about 125—135 days from planting to maturity. The large, bell-shaped flowers of the sesame are yellow, although they vary in color: some are blue and some are purple. Pollen grains of this family are 5-13-colpate and oblate-subprolate (van Haaster, 1990). Sesame can grow to over 2 m tall, although most varieties are 60—90 cm, depending upon growing conditions. Seed capsules are 2.5—3.5 cm long, with 8 rows of seeds in each capsule. Each kilogram of sesame contains approximately 33,000 seeds. Depending on the variety, sesame seeds vary in color (Figure 121.2). Sesame seeds contain a high percentage of oil — around 55% of their total mass.


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Health And Fitness 101

Health And Fitness 101

Self-improvement is a thing which you must practice throughout your life because once you started to believe that you are perfect then, things will start to become complex. You need to know that no one is perfect and no one can be perfect.

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