Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), an annual herb belonging to the carrot family, is grown primarily as a spice crop for culinary use throughout the world (Gupta et al., 1986). C. sativum is an annual, herbaceous plant, originally from the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions. It grows 25—60 cm (9—24 inches) in height, and has thin, spindle-shaped roots, an erect stalk, alternate leaves, and small, pinkish-white flowers. The plant flowers from June to July, and yields round fruits consisting of two pericarps. The plant is cultivated for its aromatic leaves and seeds. The phylogenetic classification of C. sativum is provided in Table 47.1.
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