Adverse Effects And Reactions Allergies And Toxicity

The German Reference Values for Nutrient Intake (2008) recommend a supply of n-3 PUFAs at the level of 0.5% of the daily energy intake (ca. 1 g/d). The International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids recommends an intake of at least 200 mg of EPA and/or DHA per day; the total intake of DHA + EPA per day should be about 650 mg, or 0.2% of the daily energy intake, for adults.

Studies investigating risk assessment established that the enrichment of food and feed with DHA- and/or EPA-rich sources may lead to an intake of n-3 fatty acids in humans fourfold greater than the recommended level. The following risks are recognized regarding excessive consumption of n-3 LC-PUFAs:

• A negative influence on the immune defense system, especially in the elderly

• A rise in serum LDL cholesterol

• An extended bleeding time, as in Inuits.

The authorities recommend that, on average, not more than 1.5 g n-3 LC-PUFAs should be consumed from all sources per day. Foods that usually do not contain any fat (e.g., water-based drinks) should not be enriched with n-3 fatty acids.

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Health And Fitness 101

Health And Fitness 101

Self-improvement is a thing which you must practice throughout your life because once you started to believe that you are perfect then, things will start to become complex. You need to know that no one is perfect and no one can be perfect.

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