Adverse Effects And Reactions Allergies And Toxicities

Health risks or side effects following the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages have not been recorded (LaGow, 2004). High consumption of u6-polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are found in most types of vegetable oils (including sunflower oil), might increase the likelihood that postmenopausal women may develop breast cancer (Sonestedt et al, 2008). A similar effect was observed on prostate cancer. Other analyses have suggested an inverse association between total...

Applications To Health Promotion And Disease

Seeds, leaves, and other anatomical parts of vetch are a rich source of biologically active phenolic compounds. HPLC analysis of a crude extract of vetch (Vicia sativa) seeds revealed the presence of the phenolic acids such as vanillic, caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic, and sinapic acids (after basic hydrolysis), as well as quercetin and kaempferol (after acid hydrolysis) (Amarowicz et al., 2008). A new flavonol glycoside, quercetin 3-O-galactosyl-(1 6)-glucoside, has been isolated from the...

Applications To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

Different parts of the IG plant have been used in the treatment of many ailments. Both animal and human studies have shown the ability of tree bark extracts to treat myringitis (www. and to act as an anti-diarrheal, anti-ulcer agent (Raji et al., 2001), and analgesic (Okolo et al., 1995). The seeds of Irvingia gabonensis have, however, received the most attention in terms of therapeutic applications. These applications are linked to the chemical composition of IG, which is rich in fats,...

Historical Background And Usage

According to descriptions in Ayurveda, C. bonduc is used to cure various diseases. In Sushruta Samhita it is described as kantakikaranja, a potherb for producing heat, and curing swellings and elephantiasis. According to Bhaavaprakaash, the fruits of the plant are considered to be hot, and can cure vomiting, biliousness, parasitic infections, piles, skin diseases, and urinary disorders. Commercial cultivation has not, so far, been reported in any of the archives, but seeds of C. bonduc were...

Historical Cultivation And Usage

Moringa oleifera Lam. is most widely cultivated species of the monogeneric family in many locations in the tropics. It is an important crop in West, East, and South Africa, tropical Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean, Florida USA, and the Pacific Islands. All parts of the Moringa tree have long been consumed by humans. Young unripe pods are cooked with curries as a preventive against intestinal worms. Unani practitioners prescribe soup made from the pods in sub-acute cases of enlarged liver and...

Prevalence Of Allergy

Allergies, and in particular food-related allergies, are a growing entity in the industrialized population. The true prevalence and risk factors are still not well known. Prevalence has different patterns in different age groups, and recent meta-analysis reported occurrences varying from 3 to 35 (Rona et al., 2007). Of note, the number of correctly diagnosed food allergies largely differs from the number of perceived reactions to any food in population-based studies (Zuidmeer et al., 2008)....

What Is An Allergic Reaction

An allergy is an abnormal, inappropriate, exaggerated reaction of the immune system subsequent to contact with a foreign protein. These foreign proteins, usually well tolerated by the healthy population, are known as allergens. The term hypersensitivity is often used as a synonym for allergy. As an example, immune reactions related to foods require an initial encounter with the antigen. The initial sensitization procedure to a food allergen occurs mostly via the gut mucosa, or by skin contact....

Economic Impact Of Food Allergy

Very little is known regarding the economic impact of food allergy. However, it is evident that food allergy induces a cost related to individual health expenses, as well as indirect costs to families and the community. A recent study by a British and Dutch team reported on a questionnaire to measure the cost of food allergy in Europe. They compared the answers given in questionnaires from households with or without a food-allergic member. Annual direct costs were 1000 higher, indirect costs...

Allergies To Nuts And Seeds

The peanut is the seed of an annual plant from the Leguminosae family. More than 2.4 billion pounds of peanuts are consumed each year in the USA. They are eaten fresh, roasted, or boiled. Peanuts account, with other nuts, for the majority of severe allergic reactions. Peanuts have been implicated in the majority (59 ) of deaths due to anaphylaxis in individuals with fatal reactions data documented by the Food Anaphylaxis Fatality Registry in the United States (Sicherer et al., 2003). These...

Adverse Effects And Reactions Allergies And Toxicity

Our current understanding of almond allergy derives from what has been learned during the course of investigation of tree nuts as a collective group of allergenic foods. Prevalence of tree nut allergy in US and Europe is estimated at less than 1 of the adult population, but for those individuals affected the reaction can range from mild oral symptoms to severe anaphylaxis. Most research work on almond allergy has focused on the chemical identification of the allergenic proteins, and the effects...

Adverse Effect And Reactions Allergies And Toxicity

GSE has been shown to be non-toxic at quantities many times greater than the recommended dosages. Even when taken daily, GSE seldom produces a significant allergic reaction. However, those individuals who suffer from allergy to citrus fruits should exercise caution in the use of GSE. Studies on commercial preparations have demonstrated that GSE may contain the compound benzalkonium chloride, which is a synthetic antimicrobial commonly used in disinfectants and cleaning products. From this, it...

Dietary Compounds With The Ability To Induce Production Of Endogenous Antioxidants

An important antioxidant defense mechanism involves detoxification enzymes such as members of the glutathione S-transferase family, g-glutamyl cysteine synthetase, and NAD(P) H quinone reductase (quinone reductase) (Talalay 2000). These enzymes are generally referred to as phase 2 enzymes because they catalyze conversion of xenobiotics, mutagenic metabolites, or their precursors to compounds that are more readily excreted. It is believed that 57 if benign or non-damaging plant compounds induce...

Potential Health Effects Of Dietary Antioxidants

The highly reactive and bioactive phytochemical antioxidants are postulated to in part explain the protective effect of plant foods. An optimal mixture of different antioxidants with complementary mechanisms of action and different redox potentials is postulated to work in synergistic interactions. Still, it is not likely that all antioxidant-rich food items are good sources, or that all antioxidants provided in the diet are bioactive. Bioavailability differs greatly from one phytochemical to...

Dietary Compounds With The Ability To Directly Scavenge Or Neutralize Reactive Oxidants

In addition to the well-known antioxidants, vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium, there are numerous other antioxidants in dietary plants. Carotenoids are ubiquitous in the plant kingdom, and as many as 1000 naturally occurring variants have been identified. At least 60 carotenoids occur in fruit and vegetables commonly consumed by humans (Lindsay & Astley, 2002). Besides the provitamin A carotenoids, a- and P-carotene, and P-cryptoxanthin, lyco-pene and the hydroxy-carotenoids (xanthophylls)...

Antioxidant Activity of Longan Dimocarpus Longan L Seed Extract

Kai Wang1'3, Ying Liang2, Ye Zhang3, Xianghui Yi3, Hengshan Wang1, Yingming Pan1 1 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin, China 2 Department of Environmental Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China 3 Department of Chemistry and Engineering Technology, Guilin Normal College, Guilin, China Introduction 705 Botanical Description 706 Historical Cultivation and Usage 706 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 706 Applications to...

The Presentday Use Of Nuts And Seeds For Health Promotion And Disease Prevention In Pakistan

In Pakistan, the majority of the rural population is catered for by Unani herbal practitioners, who prescribe single-herb or compound formulations to alleviate disease or health problems. About three-fourths of the population depend upon folklore and the tradition system of medicine, due to both the high costs and the side effects of allopathic medicines, which have encouraged the manufacture of Greco-Arab and Ayurvedic medicines (Shinwari & Khan, 2000). Most of the people in rural areas...

Presentday Cultivation And Usage

Lepidium sativum seed extracts are used as an antirheumatic, diuretic, and febrifuge, in 522 abdominal discomfort, in fracture healing, and in the treatment of gout. These medicinal uses of LSS are practiced routinely in Ayurveda. Kasturyadi (Vayu) gutika is an important formulation containing LSS extract which is prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners for Seeds of Lepidium sativum Linn. (garden cress). Authenticated By Post Graduate Teaching Department of Botany, Rashtra Sant, Tukdoji Maharaj...

Introduction

Pakistan is an agricultural country, and more than 70 of the population resides in rural areas. Those who have migrated into cities in search of a better life also have a rural background. Although the prevalence of common diseases (blood pressure, hypertension, heart attack, and obesity) is negligible, the farming community faces many bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases and has had its own indigenous practices remedies to combat these problems since prehistoric times. The most commonly...

Almond Prunus dulcis Seeds and Oxidative Stress

Arash Mirrahimi , Korbua Srichaikul , Amin Esfahani1'3 , Monica S. Banach , John LSievenpiper1'6, Cyril W.C. Kendall1 3 7 , David J.A. Jenkins1'2'3' 4 1 Clinical Nutrition & Risk Factor Modification Center, 2 Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 3 Department of Nutritional Sciences, 4Department of Medicine, 5 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada...

Historical And Presentday Cultivation And Usage

Hazelnuts were and are still typically consumed as the whole nut (raw or roasted), or used as an ingredient in a variety of foods, especially in bakery products, snacks, chocolates, cereals, dairy products, salads, entrees, sauces, ice cream, and other dessert formulations. After cracking the hazelnut's hard shell, the hazelnut kernel may be consumed raw (with its skin) TABLE 73.1 Classification of Main Hazelnut Varieties According to their Final Use Fertile de Coutard Grada de Viseu Griffol...

Antidiabetic Activities of Fenugreek Trigonella foenumgraecum Seeds

Sirajudheen Anwar1, Sandhya Desai1, Maryam Eidi2, Akram Eidi3 1 Department of Pharmacology, Prin. K.M. Kundanai College of Pharmacy, Cuffe Parade, Mumbai, India 2 Department of Biology, Varamin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran 3 Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran Introduction 469 Botanical Description 470 Historical Cultivation and Usage 470 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 470 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease...

Adverse Effects

For essential elements that can be harmful in large amounts, comparison with UL data can be made to access risks for excessive intake. Of course, such risks can only occur when nuts and seeds are proven to be a rich nutritional source for the element in question (see above). Daily nut and seed consumption levels well above 300 g are needed to reach respective UL values for phosphorus, manganese, copper, nickel, zinc, and iron. However, 10 of the UL threshold will be exceeded by an average 10 50...

Mechanisms Of Risk Reduction

There are several proposed mechanisms in which nut consumption confers its cardioprotective benefits lipid lowering, anti-inflammatory, improvements in vascular reactivity, anti-arrhythmic properties, and antioxidant effects. One of the first clinical trials that investigated the role of nut consumption in CV disease was performed by Sabate and colleagues, and evaluated the effects of implementing walnuts into a standard cholesterol-lowering diet. It found that subjects who consumed nuts in...

Vinood B Patel

Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Westminster, London, UK AMSTERDAM BOSTON HEIDELBERG LONDON NEW YORK OXFORD PARIS SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SINGAPORE SYDNEY TOKYO Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier 32 Jamestown Road, London NW1 7BY, UK 30 Corporate Drive, Suite 400, Burlington, MA 01803, USA 525 B Street, Suite 1800, San Diego, CA 92101-4495, USA Copyright 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved No part of this...

And Disease Prevention

Biochemistry and histopathology of sickle cell crisis Sickle cell crisis refers to the symptoms experienced by people who are homozygous for the gene that codes for sickle hemoglobin (HbS). The disease is hereditary, and destroys red blood cells (RBC) by causing them to assume a rigid sickle shape. HbS occurs mainly in descendants from Africa, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India, and is a defective variant of the normal hemoglobin (HbA), the protein in red blood cells that transports...

Applications For Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

Guava fruits are considered to be ethno-pharmacological medicines, and are commonly utilized to control diarrhea in children. Furthermore, tea made from the leaves of guava trees is used to reduce throat inflammation (Jaiarj et al., 1999), and the aqueous extracts from guava buds are known for their intense activity toward Salmonella, Serratia, and Staphylococcus, which are responsible for diarrhea (Jaiarj et al., 1999). Recently, a study has identified a GRP with antimicrobial activity against...

Beneficial Aspects of Custard Apple Annona squamosa L Seeds

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China Introduction 440 Botanical Description 440 Historical Cultivation and Usage 441 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 441 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 441 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 443 Summary Points 444 Acknowledgements 444 References 444 HPLC, high performance liquid chromatography MTT, Pam3Cys, trihydrochloride Ps,...

Disease Prevention

Passion fruit has an abundance of vitamins A and C, folic acid, niacin, calcium, iron, potassium, and other nutrients. The leaves have been used for centuries by Latin American tribes as a sedative or calming tonic. The fruit has been utilized in Brazil as a cardiac tonic and medicine, and, as the beverage maracuja grande, is often employed in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, and other recalcitrant coughs. Passion fruit plays an important role in South American traditional...

Indian Mustard Brassica juncea L Seeds in Health

Department of Plant Biology, University of Szeged, Hungary Introduction 671 Botanical Description 672 Historical Cultivation and Usage 672 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 672 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 672 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 675 Summary Points 675 References 676 GST, glutathione-S-transferase LDL, low density lipoprotein NADPH, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate VLDL, very low density lipoprotein

Antibacterial Potential of Neem Tree Azadirachta indica A Juss Seeds

Shyamapada Mandal1, Manisha Deb Mandal2 1 Department of Microbiology, Bacteriology and Serology Unit, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, India 2 Department of Physiology and Biophysics, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Jadavpur, Kolkata, India Introduction 803 Botanical Description 804 Historical Cultivation and Usage 805 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 805 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 805 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 809...

Climbing Black Pepper Piper guineense Seeds as an Antisickling Remedy

Obodozie1, Uford S. Inyang1, Mujitaba S. Abubakar2, Magaji Garba3 1 Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Quality Control, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD), Garki, Abuja, Nigeria 2 Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria 3 Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria Introduction 333 Botanical Description 334 Chemical constituents...

Health Benefits of Garden Cress Lepidium sativum Linn Seed Extracts

Badole2, Subhash L. Bodhankar2 1 Department of Chemistry, J. L Chaturvedi College of Pharmacy, MIDC, Nagpur, India 2 Department of Pharmacology, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Maharashtra, India Introduction 521 Botanical Description 522 Historical Cultivation and Usage 522 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 522 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 523 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 524 Summary...

Therapeutic Use of Caper Capparis spinosa Seeds

Tzi-Bun Ng1, Sze-Kwan Lam1, Randy C.F. Cheung1, Jack H. Wong1, He-Xiang Wang2, Patrick H.K. Ngai3, Xiujuan Ye1, Yau-Sang Chan1, Evandro F. Fang1 1 School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China 2State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, Department of Microbiology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China 3School of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China Introduction 279 Botanical...

References

W., Al-Ali, A., & Al-Jedah, J. (2000). Aflatoxin contamination in edible nuts imported in Qatar. Food Control, 11, 157-160. Bankole, S. A., Ogunsanwo, B. M., Osho, A., & Adewuyi, G. O. (2006). Fungal contamination and aflatoxin B1 of egusi melon seeds in Nigeria. Food Control, 17, 814-818. Cariello, N. F., Cui, L., & Skopek, T. R. (1994). In vitro mutational spectrum of aflatoxin B, in the human hypo-xanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase gene. Cancer Research,...

Other Seed Allergies Sunflower Mustard Quinoa Buckwheat

In theory, each individual seed could be responsible for an allergic reaction, but in practice few cases have been published. Recently, two cases of sunflower seed allergy have been reported in children with positive oral challenge. The first patient responded positively to the food challenge at a low dose (2 g), but the second ingested 14 g and developed a severe systemic reaction, requiring treatment with epinephrine (Caubet et al., 2010). The same report outlined a case of an anaphylactic...

TABLE 42 Fatty Acid Composition of Total Fatty Acid of Common Consumed Nuts

Walnut Pistachio Filbert Pine Nut Almond Macadamia 16 0 9.6 0.3 16 1n-7 0.2 0.1 17 0 0.1 0.0 18 0 3.9 0.2 18 1 40.7 1.4 18 2n-6 44.7 1.4 18 3n-3 0.8 0.2 SFA 13.7 0.4 MUFA 40.9 1.4 PUFA 45.4 1.5 8.8 0.7 19.4 6.8 71.7 7.5 10.5 3.5 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.0 1.4 0.1 53.4 1.8 16.8 0.1 1.0 0.8 7.3 0.2 5.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 2.6 0.3 1.5 0.1 63.2 1.3 26.9 1.3 8.6 0.4 64.2 1.5 27.1 1.2 4.3 0.3 57.1 0.4 2.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 14.7 0.3 7.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 3.4 0.0 17.7 0.5 55.7 0.5 15.2 0.3 11.1 0.2 18.0 0.6 70.9 0.7...

Applications In Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

In Africa, bambara groundnut is generally cultivated by women on small plots. Production is primarily at subsistence level, and only the surplus is sold. There has been relatively little research on the BG crop, and this has mainly concentrated on characterization of landraces and their testing to assess the potential yield of components and yield-related characters (Adeniji et al., 2008). The contribution of BG crops to improving human health can be classified into two broad categories. First,...

Summary Points

Lepidium sativum is a herbal plant known by different names, such as Al-Thuffa and garden cress, in different communities, with a wide spectrum of usage both medically and non-medically. The effects of the plants are through their different anatomical parts, such as the green leaves, sprouts, shoots, and particularly seeds. Seeds are consumed fresh and dry with an outer layer of mucilage, which is possibly an important factor in accelerating fracture healing in rabbits. Fracture-healing...

Applications To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention Adverse Effects And Reactions

Seeds from sweet almonds are a valuable food source. They contain very low levels of carbohydrates, and may therefore be made into flour for low-carbohydrate diets or for patients suffering from diabetes mellitus or any other form of glycosuria. Almond flour is gluten-free, and is therefore a popular ingredient in cookery in place of wheat flour for gluten-sensitive people, and people with wheat allergies and celiac disease. In addition, almonds are a rich source of riboflavin, magnesium,...

Pumpkin Mechanism In Ethiopian Traditional Drug Drug

Bombardelli, E., & Morazoni, P. (1997). Cucurbita pepo L. Fitoterapia, 68, 291-302. Brawley, O. W., & Barnes, S. T. (2001). Potential agents for prostate cancer chemoprevention. Epidemiologic Reviews, 23, 168-172. Caili, F., Huan, S., & Quanhong, L. (2006). A review on pharmacological activities and utilization technologies of pumpkin. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 61, 73-80. Desta, B. (1995). Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. Part I Studies on the toxicity and therapeutic...

Olive Olea europaea L Seeds From Chemistry to Health Benefits

1 Department of Biotechnology, University of Malakand, Chakdara, Pakistan 2 Institute of Biochemistry, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria Introduction 848 Botanical Description 848 Historical Cultivation and Usage 848 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 849 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 849 Health promoting chemical components 849 Health benefits and disease prevention 850 Antioxidant activity 850 Cardiovascular disease 851 Immune function 851 Gastrointestinal...

Medicinal Constituents Of Seeds

The chemical constituents of seeds are responsible for their medicinal properties. Most seeds have a certain general chemical composition. All seeds contain reserve foods for the nourishment of the embryo during germination. These foods may be present in the endosperm or the perisperm, or in both, or they may be present in the embryo itself either in the cotyledons or in the axis. Sometimes, as in linseed, the food is found in both endosperm and cotyledons. The reserve foods present are usually...

Application To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

In alternative and complementary systems of medicine, such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Amchi, Chinese, and aromatherapy, plants are used to combat several diseases and pathological conditions. Herbal products seem to possess moderate efficacy, with less (or no) toxicity and less expensive compared to synthetic drugs. Sea buckthorn seed oil combines high levels of beneficial unsaturated fatty acids (ALA, LA, oleic, palmitoleic, and vaccenic), natural antioxidants and vitamins (E, K), carotenoids, and...

Biological Activities of Eugenia jambolana Family Myrtaceae Seeds

Department of Pharmacology, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt Introduction 685 Botanical Description 686 Historical Cultivation and Usage 686 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 687 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 687 Antidiabetic activity 688 Hepatoprotective effect 689 Anticancer activity 689 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 689 Summary Points 690 References 690 CNRS, National Centre of Scientific Research IMRA, Malagasy Institute of...

Rehnumay Aqaqeer

K., Agrawal, S. S., Srivastava, S., & Saxena, R. (2008). Oculohypotensive effects of Foeniculum vulgare in experimental models of glaucoma. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 52, 77 83. Usage and Significance of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Seeds Ahmad, M., Hussain, S. A., Zubair, M., & Rab, A. (2004). Effect of different sowing seasons and row spacing on seed production of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7, 1144 1147....

Aniseeds Pimpinella anisum L in Health and Disease

Department of Home Science, Sri Sathya Sai University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India Introduction 175 Botanical Description 176 Nutrient composition 176 Chemical composition 176 Historical Cultivation and Usage 176 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 176 Applications to health promotion and disease prevention 177 Secretolytic and expectorant effects 177 Antibacterial and antifungal effects 178 Local anesthetic activity 178 Estrogenic and anti-estrogenic effects 178 Sedative effect 180 Adverse...

Use of Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Seeds in Health

Industrial Unit, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria Introduction 677 Botanical Description 678 Historical Cultivation and Usage 678 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 678 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 679 Antimicrobial activity 679 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 682 Summary Points 682 References 682 a2-HSG, a2-HS glycoprotein AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome CD, cluster of...

Botanical Description

Endocarp Coconut

The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) (Figure 43.1) is an important member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) (Harries, 1978). The coconut palm can have a long life-span of up to TABLE 43.1 Nutritional Composition of Coconut Fruit Carbohydrates Sugars Dietary fiber Fat monounsaturated polyunsaturated Protein 1481 kJ (354 kcal) 15.23 g 6.23 g 9.0 g 33.49 g 29.70 g 1.43 g 0.37 g 3g TABLE 43.2 Proximate Vitamin and Mineral Content of Coconut Fruit Thiamine (Vit. B-Riboflavin (Vit. B2) Niacin (Vit....

Applications To Heath Promotion And Disease Prevention

Commerce Durable

Kolaviron and drug-induced hepatotoxicity Garcinia kola seeds and seed extracts have shown to be of benefit to health, and relevant in the management and chemoprevention of life-threatening diseases. The effects range from antidiabetic, immunomodulatory, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities to strong hepatoprotective properties. In this section, the focus will be on the experimental evidence and biochemical and molecular mechanisms underlying the hepatoprotective properties...

Seeds As Herbal Drugs And A Source Of Medicinally Active Compounds

This section deals with the seeds used, either in crude form or as preparations, or as a source of medicinally active natural products other than fixed oils and fatty acids, in traditional and contemporary medicine. These seeds show diverse medicinal actions due mainly to the TABLE 2.1 Seeds as a Source of Medicinally Important Fixed Oils TABLE 2.1 Seeds as a Source of Medicinally Important Fixed Oils TABLE 2.1 Seeds as a Source of Medicinally Important Fixed Oils continued gum, sucrose,...

Mosquito Species

Annona crassiflora A. glabra A. squamosa Pterodon polygalaeflorus Senna occidentalis Dorstenia sp. Ammi visnaga Annona squamosa Apium graveolens Carum carvi Carum carvi Apium graveolens Pimpinella anisum Argemone mexicana Azadiracta indica Azadiracta indica (neem seed kernel) Azadiracta indica Melia azedarach Azadiracta indica Momordica charantia Ricinus communis Azadiracta indica Pongamia glabra Carica papaya Chenopodium spp. Cinnamomum camphora Citrus reticulate Coriander sativum Petroselinum...

Seed Components And Their Role In Cancer Prevention

Phenolic compounds or polyphenols constitute one of the most numerous and widely distributed groups of substances in the plant kingdom. They are formed to protect the plant from photosynthetic stress, reactive oxygen species, wounds, and herbivores. In legumes and cereals, the main polyphenols are flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. Flavonoids are important in contributing flavor, color, and taste, and are also central to the normal growth, development, and defense of a plant. Several in...

Triacylglycerol And Fatty Acid Composition In Nuts And Seeds

In total, 264 TG species were identified and quantified using HPLC APCI-MS in 26 plant oils important in different branches of the nutrition and cosmetic industries. Identified TGs were composed of 28 FAs with 6 26 carbon atoms and 0 4 double bonds Table 5.1 . ECNs of all identified TGs ranged from 32 to 58. Only six TGs PLP, OOO, OOP, POP, SOO and SOP were detected in all samples. The number ofTGs Table 5.2 ranged from simple almond oil and cacao butter containing only 25 TGs to very complex...

TABLE 22 Seeds as Herbal Drugs and a Source of Medicinally Active Compounds

Strychnos ignatti Loganiaceae Physostigma venenosum Leguminosae Alkaloids, viz. strychnine, brucine, vomicine, a-colubrine, pseudostrychnine, chlorogenic acid Alkaloids, viz. strychnine, brucine Alkaloids, viz. physostigmine, eseramine, physovenine, 8-norphysostigmine, isophysostigmine Alkaloids, viz. atropine, L-hyoscyamine, hyoscine, belladonine, scopoletin Alkaloids, viz. hyoscine, atropine, l-hyoscyamine Bitter stomachic, tonic, central nervous system stimulant in cardiac failure, as...

Total Amounts Of Antioxidants In Nuts And Seeds

Our analyses Table 6.2 demonstrate that walnuts contain massive amounts of antioxidants about 20 mmol antioxidants per 100 g. Pecans, chestnuts, peanuts, pistachios, and sunflower TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds Manufacturer Product Label Country of Origin Chest nuts, with pellicle purchased TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds continued TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds continued TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds continued...

Historical Aspects Of The Use Of Nuts And Seeds For Health In Pakistan

History relates the similarity in the cultural heritage of Pakistan and India. The Materia medica of the Greco-Arab Unani system that is utilized in the subcontinent contains an inventory of Abutilon indicum L. Amomum sabulatum Roxb. Anethum graveolens L.or Anethum sowa Roxb. Apium graveolens L. Areca catechu L. Artemisia parviflora Roxb. Avena fatua L. Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Bergenia stracheyi H amp T. Engl. Brassica compestris L. Brassica juncea L. Butea monosperma Lam. Taub Cannabis...