Adverse Effects And Reactions Allergies And Toxicity

Pecan kernels can be allergenic for sensitive population. A 2S albumin, Car i 1, has been characterized as the allergen contained in pecan protein. Another group of allergens (A) Total phenolic content (B) condensed tannin content (C) antioxidant capacity by DPPH (D) antioxidant capacity by ORAC of four pecan cultivars. The effects of pecan variety on phenolic content and the corresponding antioxidant activity. GraCross variety showed the overall highest phenolic and antioxidant activity. (A)...

Applications To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

Over the years, scientists have studied the many pharmacological actions and potential uses of pumpkin and its extracts. Clearly, there is a lot to learn about the health effects of this plant. Popular medicinal uses of pumpkin seeds have motivated experimental studies on their anthelmintic properties. Such studies have been conducted on different helminth models, and have produced conclusions that call for further research. Veen and Collier (1949) showed the efficacy of an aqueous extract of...

Applications For Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

Guava fruits are considered to be ethno-pharmacological medicines, and are commonly utilized to control diarrhea in children. Furthermore, tea made from the leaves of guava trees is used to reduce throat inflammation (Jaiarj et al., 1999), and the aqueous extracts from guava buds are known for their intense activity toward Salmonella, Serratia, and Staphylococcus, which are responsible for diarrhea (Jaiarj et al., 1999). Recently, a study has identified a GRP with antimicrobial activity against...

Beneficial Aspects of Custard Apple Annona squamosa L Seeds

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China Introduction 440 Botanical Description 440 Historical Cultivation and Usage 441 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 441 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 441 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 443 Summary Points 444 Acknowledgements 444 References 444 HPLC, high performance liquid chromatography MTT, Pam3Cys, trihydrochloride Ps,...

Disease Prevention

Passion fruit has an abundance of vitamins A and C, folic acid, niacin, calcium, iron, potassium, and other nutrients. The leaves have been used for centuries by Latin American tribes as a sedative or calming tonic. The fruit has been utilized in Brazil as a cardiac tonic and medicine, and, as the beverage maracuja grande, is often employed in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, and other recalcitrant coughs. Passion fruit plays an important role in South American traditional...

Indian Mustard Brassica juncea L Seeds in Health

Department of Plant Biology, University of Szeged, Hungary Introduction 671 Botanical Description 672 Historical Cultivation and Usage 672 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 672 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 672 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 675 Summary Points 675 References 676 GST, glutathione-S-transferase LDL, low density lipoprotein NADPH, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate VLDL, very low density lipoprotein

Allergies to Nuts and Seeds

Eigenmann Child Allergy Unit, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland Pathophysiology 138 Symptoms 138 Treatment and clinical management 139 Economic Impact of Food Allergy 140 Peanut allergy 140 Hazelnut allergy 141 Other Tree Nut Allergies (Almond, Walnut, Pecan, Macadamia, Brazil, Cashew, Pistachio, etc.) 141 Sesame allergy 141 Lupine allergy 142 Other Seed Allergies (Sunflower, Mustard, Quinoa, Buckwheat, etc.) 142

Antibacterial Potential of Neem Tree Azadirachta indica A Juss Seeds

Shyamapada Mandal1, Manisha Deb Mandal2 1 Department of Microbiology, Bacteriology and Serology Unit, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, India 2 Department of Physiology and Biophysics, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Jadavpur, Kolkata, India Introduction 803 Botanical Description 804 Historical Cultivation and Usage 805 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 805 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 805 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 809...

Climbing Black Pepper Piper guineense Seeds as an Antisickling Remedy

Obodozie1, Uford S. Inyang1, Mujitaba S. Abubakar2, Magaji Garba3 1 Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Quality Control, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD), Garki, Abuja, Nigeria 2 Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria 3 Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria Introduction 333 Botanical Description 334 Chemical constituents...

Health Benefits of Garden Cress Lepidium sativum Linn Seed Extracts

Badole2, Subhash L. Bodhankar2 1 Department of Chemistry, J. L Chaturvedi College of Pharmacy, MIDC, Nagpur, India 2 Department of Pharmacology, Poona College of Pharmacy, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Maharashtra, India Introduction 521 Botanical Description 522 Historical Cultivation and Usage 522 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 522 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 523 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 524 Summary...

Therapeutic Use of Caper Capparis spinosa Seeds

Tzi-Bun Ng1, Sze-Kwan Lam1, Randy C.F. Cheung1, Jack H. Wong1, He-Xiang Wang2, Patrick H.K. Ngai3, Xiujuan Ye1, Yau-Sang Chan1, Evandro F. Fang1 1 School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China 2State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, Department of Microbiology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China 3School of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China Introduction 279 Botanical...

Historical Cultivation And Usage

Cardamomum is said to be the Greek name for an Indian spice, kardamon. In ancient Greek and Roman times the meaning of the word cardamom seems never to have been consistent, as merchants (and thus everyone else at that time) used it for one spice or another, or a group of spices that could vary in content from one market to another. Over time, in Europe the name has settled on Elettaria cardamomum. However, there must be sympathy for modern historians who have to try to unravel its early...

References

W., Al-Ali, A., & Al-Jedah, J. (2000). Aflatoxin contamination in edible nuts imported in Qatar. Food Control, 11, 157-160. Bankole, S. A., Ogunsanwo, B. M., Osho, A., & Adewuyi, G. O. (2006). Fungal contamination and aflatoxin B1 of egusi melon seeds in Nigeria. Food Control, 17, 814-818. Cariello, N. F., Cui, L., & Skopek, T. R. (1994). In vitro mutational spectrum of aflatoxin B, in the human hypo-xanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase gene. Cancer Research,...

Other Seed Allergies Sunflower Mustard Quinoa Buckwheat

In theory, each individual seed could be responsible for an allergic reaction, but in practice few cases have been published. Recently, two cases of sunflower seed allergy have been reported in children with positive oral challenge. The first patient responded positively to the food challenge at a low dose (2 g), but the second ingested 14 g and developed a severe systemic reaction, requiring treatment with epinephrine (Caubet et al., 2010). The same report outlined a case of an anaphylactic...

Presentday Cultivation And Usage

Garcinia kola has been successfully applied to treat patients suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee. It is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, and is used to prevent infections and viruses, especially of the immune system. Garcinia kola is used as a substitute for hops in brewing lager beer, and is especially useful in preventing beer spoilage. Laboratory brewing trials with Garcinia kola and with hops gave beers with similar chemical properties. Organoleptically,...

TABLE 42 Fatty Acid Composition of Total Fatty Acid of Common Consumed Nuts

Walnut Pistachio Filbert Pine Nut Almond Macadamia 16 0 9.6 0.3 16 1n-7 0.2 0.1 17 0 0.1 0.0 18 0 3.9 0.2 18 1 40.7 1.4 18 2n-6 44.7 1.4 18 3n-3 0.8 0.2 SFA 13.7 0.4 MUFA 40.9 1.4 PUFA 45.4 1.5 8.8 0.7 19.4 6.8 71.7 7.5 10.5 3.5 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.0 1.4 0.1 53.4 1.8 16.8 0.1 1.0 0.8 7.3 0.2 5.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 2.6 0.3 1.5 0.1 63.2 1.3 26.9 1.3 8.6 0.4 64.2 1.5 27.1 1.2 4.3 0.3 57.1 0.4 2.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 14.7 0.3 7.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 3.4 0.0 17.7 0.5 55.7 0.5 15.2 0.3 11.1 0.2 18.0 0.6 70.9 0.7...

Applications In Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

In Africa, bambara groundnut is generally cultivated by women on small plots. Production is primarily at subsistence level, and only the surplus is sold. There has been relatively little research on the BG crop, and this has mainly concentrated on characterization of landraces and their testing to assess the potential yield of components and yield-related characters (Adeniji et al., 2008). The contribution of BG crops to improving human health can be classified into two broad categories. First,...

Summary Points

Lepidium sativum is a herbal plant known by different names, such as Al-Thuffa and garden cress, in different communities, with a wide spectrum of usage both medically and non-medically. The effects of the plants are through their different anatomical parts, such as the green leaves, sprouts, shoots, and particularly seeds. Seeds are consumed fresh and dry with an outer layer of mucilage, which is possibly an important factor in accelerating fracture healing in rabbits. Fracture-healing...

Applications To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention Adverse Effects And Reactions

Seeds from sweet almonds are a valuable food source. They contain very low levels of carbohydrates, and may therefore be made into flour for low-carbohydrate diets or for patients suffering from diabetes mellitus or any other form of glycosuria. Almond flour is gluten-free, and is therefore a popular ingredient in cookery in place of wheat flour for gluten-sensitive people, and people with wheat allergies and celiac disease. In addition, almonds are a rich source of riboflavin, magnesium,...

Historical And Presentday Cultivation And Usage

Cowhage is indigenous to tropical regions, especially India and Africa, and certain parts of China. The plant is an important cover crop, and has been used widely in traditional medicine (Sathiyanarayanan & Arulmozhi, 2007). Anti-snake venom activity of Mucuna pruriens seed Aguiyi and colleagues (1999) were the first to demonstrate in the laboratory that immunization of mice with Mucuna pruriens seed extract (MPE) elicited production of immuno-globulins that could neutralize cobra venom. The...

Pumpkin Mechanism In Ethiopian Traditional Drug Drug

Bombardelli, E., & Morazoni, P. (1997). Cucurbita pepo L. Fitoterapia, 68, 291-302. Brawley, O. W., & Barnes, S. T. (2001). Potential agents for prostate cancer chemoprevention. Epidemiologic Reviews, 23, 168-172. Caili, F., Huan, S., & Quanhong, L. (2006). A review on pharmacological activities and utilization technologies of pumpkin. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 61, 73-80. Desta, B. (1995). Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. Part I Studies on the toxicity and therapeutic...

Olive Olea europaea L Seeds From Chemistry to Health Benefits

1 Department of Biotechnology, University of Malakand, Chakdara, Pakistan 2 Institute of Biochemistry, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria Introduction 848 Botanical Description 848 Historical Cultivation and Usage 848 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 849 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 849 Health promoting chemical components 849 Health benefits and disease prevention 850 Antioxidant activity 850 Cardiovascular disease 851 Immune function 851 Gastrointestinal...

Medicinal Constituents Of Seeds

The chemical constituents of seeds are responsible for their medicinal properties. Most seeds have a certain general chemical composition. All seeds contain reserve foods for the nourishment of the embryo during germination. These foods may be present in the endosperm or the perisperm, or in both, or they may be present in the embryo itself either in the cotyledons or in the axis. Sometimes, as in linseed, the food is found in both endosperm and cotyledons. The reserve foods present are usually...

Application To Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

In alternative and complementary systems of medicine, such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Amchi, Chinese, and aromatherapy, plants are used to combat several diseases and pathological conditions. Herbal products seem to possess moderate efficacy, with less (or no) toxicity and less expensive compared to synthetic drugs. Sea buckthorn seed oil combines high levels of beneficial unsaturated fatty acids (ALA, LA, oleic, palmitoleic, and vaccenic), natural antioxidants and vitamins (E, K), carotenoids, and...

Biological Activities of Eugenia jambolana Family Myrtaceae Seeds

Department of Pharmacology, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt Introduction 685 Botanical Description 686 Historical Cultivation and Usage 686 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 687 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 687 Antidiabetic activity 688 Hepatoprotective effect 689 Anticancer activity 689 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 689 Summary Points 690 References 690 CNRS, National Centre of Scientific Research IMRA, Malagasy Institute of...

Rehnumay Aqaqeer

K., Agrawal, S. S., Srivastava, S., & Saxena, R. (2008). Oculohypotensive effects of Foeniculum vulgare in experimental models of glaucoma. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 52, 77 83. Usage and Significance of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Seeds Ahmad, M., Hussain, S. A., Zubair, M., & Rab, A. (2004). Effect of different sowing seasons and row spacing on seed production of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7, 1144 1147....

Aniseeds Pimpinella anisum L in Health and Disease

Department of Home Science, Sri Sathya Sai University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India Introduction 175 Botanical Description 176 Nutrient composition 176 Chemical composition 176 Historical Cultivation and Usage 176 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 176 Applications to health promotion and disease prevention 177 Secretolytic and expectorant effects 177 Antibacterial and antifungal effects 178 Local anesthetic activity 178 Estrogenic and anti-estrogenic effects 178 Sedative effect 180 Adverse...

Use of Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Seeds in Health

Industrial Unit, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria Introduction 677 Botanical Description 678 Historical Cultivation and Usage 678 Present-Day Cultivation and Usage 678 Applications to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 679 Antimicrobial activity 679 Adverse Effects and Reactions (Allergies and Toxicity) 682 Summary Points 682 References 682 a2-HSG, a2-HS glycoprotein AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome CD, cluster of...

Botanical Description

Endocarp Coconut

The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) (Figure 43.1) is an important member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) (Harries, 1978). The coconut palm can have a long life-span of up to TABLE 43.1 Nutritional Composition of Coconut Fruit Carbohydrates Sugars Dietary fiber Fat monounsaturated polyunsaturated Protein 1481 kJ (354 kcal) 15.23 g 6.23 g 9.0 g 33.49 g 29.70 g 1.43 g 0.37 g 3g TABLE 43.2 Proximate Vitamin and Mineral Content of Coconut Fruit Thiamine (Vit. B-Riboflavin (Vit. B2) Niacin (Vit....

Applications To Heath Promotion And Disease Prevention

Kolaviron and drug-induced hepatotoxicity Garcinia kola seeds and seed extracts have shown to be of benefit to health, and relevant in the management and chemoprevention of life-threatening diseases. The effects range from antidiabetic, immunomodulatory, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities to strong hepatoprotective properties. In this section, the focus will be on the experimental evidence and biochemical and molecular mechanisms underlying the hepatoprotective properties...

Seeds As Herbal Drugs And A Source Of Medicinally Active Compounds

This section deals with the seeds used, either in crude form or as preparations, or as a source of medicinally active natural products other than fixed oils and fatty acids, in traditional and contemporary medicine. These seeds show diverse medicinal actions due mainly to the TABLE 2.1 Seeds as a Source of Medicinally Important Fixed Oils TABLE 2.1 Seeds as a Source of Medicinally Important Fixed Oils TABLE 2.1 Seeds as a Source of Medicinally Important Fixed Oils continued gum, sucrose,...

And Disease Prevention

Fenugreek galactomannan in diabetes mellitus Fenugreek seeds contain 40 45 galactomannan (soluble and insoluble), which was isolated from whole seeds and shows considerable hypoglycemic activity (Sirajudheen et al., 2009). TABLE 56.1 Effect of Fenugreek Galactomannan on Blood Glucose Level in Normal Glucose (1 g kg)-loaded Rats (CMC 1 ml kg + glucose) GL (150 mg kg + glucose) GL (300 mg kg + glucose) GL (600 mg kg + glucose) Glibenclamide (4 mg kg + glucose) 62.16 i 1.30 63.33 i 1.52 62 i 1.29...

Mosquito Species

Annona crassiflora A. glabra A. squamosa Pterodon polygalaeflorus Senna occidentalis Dorstenia sp. Ammi visnaga Annona squamosa Apium graveolens Carum carvi Carum carvi Apium graveolens Pimpinella anisum Argemone mexicana Azadiracta indica Azadiracta indica (neem seed kernel) Azadiracta indica Melia azedarach Azadiracta indica Momordica charantia Ricinus communis Azadiracta indica Pongamia glabra Carica papaya Chenopodium spp. Cinnamomum camphora Citrus reticulate Coriander sativum Petroselinum...

Seed Components And Their Role In Cancer Prevention

Phenolic compounds or polyphenols constitute one of the most numerous and widely distributed groups of substances in the plant kingdom. They are formed to protect the plant from photosynthetic stress, reactive oxygen species, wounds, and herbivores. In legumes and cereals, the main polyphenols are flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. Flavonoids are important in contributing flavor, color, and taste, and are also central to the normal growth, development, and defense of a plant. Several in...

Triacylglycerol And Fatty Acid Composition In Nuts And Seeds

In total, 264 TG species were identified and quantified using HPLC APCI-MS in 26 plant oils important in different branches of the nutrition and cosmetic industries. Identified TGs were composed of 28 FAs with 6 26 carbon atoms and 0 4 double bonds Table 5.1 . ECNs of all identified TGs ranged from 32 to 58. Only six TGs PLP, OOO, OOP, POP, SOO and SOP were detected in all samples. The number ofTGs Table 5.2 ranged from simple almond oil and cacao butter containing only 25 TGs to very complex...

TABLE 22 Seeds as Herbal Drugs and a Source of Medicinally Active Compounds

Strychnos ignatti Loganiaceae Physostigma venenosum Leguminosae Alkaloids, viz. strychnine, brucine, vomicine, a-colubrine, pseudostrychnine, chlorogenic acid Alkaloids, viz. strychnine, brucine Alkaloids, viz. physostigmine, eseramine, physovenine, 8-norphysostigmine, isophysostigmine Alkaloids, viz. atropine, L-hyoscyamine, hyoscine, belladonine, scopoletin Alkaloids, viz. hyoscine, atropine, l-hyoscyamine Bitter stomachic, tonic, central nervous system stimulant in cardiac failure, as...

Total Amounts Of Antioxidants In Nuts And Seeds

Our analyses Table 6.2 demonstrate that walnuts contain massive amounts of antioxidants about 20 mmol antioxidants per 100 g. Pecans, chestnuts, peanuts, pistachios, and sunflower TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds Manufacturer Product Label Country of Origin Chest nuts, with pellicle purchased TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds continued TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds continued TABLE 6.2 Antioxidants in Nuts and Seeds continued...

Historical Aspects Of The Use Of Nuts And Seeds For Health In Pakistan

History relates the similarity in the cultural heritage of Pakistan and India. The Materia medica of the Greco-Arab Unani system that is utilized in the subcontinent contains an inventory of Abutilon indicum L. Amomum sabulatum Roxb. Anethum graveolens L.or Anethum sowa Roxb. Apium graveolens L. Areca catechu L. Artemisia parviflora Roxb. Avena fatua L. Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Bergenia stracheyi H amp T. Engl. Brassica compestris L. Brassica juncea L. Butea monosperma Lam. Taub Cannabis...