Pregnancy Use

Oral use is considered to be safe in pregnancy and lactation (NMCD 2003). PRACTICE POINTS/PATIENT COUNSELLING

• Oats are a rich source of nutrients, such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, manganese, zinc; vitamins A, B-complex, C, E and K, and amino acids. Dietary oats also contain a significant amount of soluble fibre.

• Regular intake of wholegrain oat-based cereals may have positive effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and glucose regulation.

• Topical use of the cut herb in the bath or 5% colloidal oatmeal in a suitable carrier is used to relieve itch.

• Traditionally, oats are viewed as a nervous system nutritive and therefore used during times of convalescence.

• Patients with coeliac disease should be able to tolerate moderate amounts of oats in the diet.


What will this herb do for me?

Oats are a concentrated nutrient source and also contain soluble fibre. They not only provides a range of vitamins and minerals, but can reduce blood pressure, cholesterol and improve blood sugar regulation. When will it start to work?

Scientific studies have shown that oatbran and oat-based cereals can reduce cholesterol levels and blood pressure within 5-6 weeks. Are there any safety issues?

Dietary oats should be avoided in cases of intestinal obstruction. REFERENCES

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Praventivmed22(4) (1977): 182-3 [in German]. Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J (eds). Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Austin, TX: Integrative Medicine Communications, 2000.

Chen J et al. A randomized controlled trial of dietary fiber intake on serum lipids. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2005; [Epub ahead of print].

Chevallier A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants. London, UK: Dorling Kindersley, 1996.

Culpeper N. The English Physician, 1652.

Davidson MH et al. The hypocholesterolaemic effects of beta-glucan in oatmeal and oat bran: A dose-controlled study. JAMA 265 (1991): 1833-9.

Davy BM et al. High-fiber oat cereal compared with wheat cereal consumption favorably alters LDL-cholesterol subclass and particle numbers in middle-aged and older men. Am J Clin Nutr 76(2) (2002): 351-8.

Haroian L et al. Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality research report: The exsativa project (Swiss formula Al 11). Specific Press, 1987.

Hogberg L et al. Oats to children with newly diagnosed coeliac disease: a randomised double blind study. Gut 53(5) (2004): 649-54.

Janatuinen EK et al. No harm from five year ingestion of oats in coeliac disease. Gut 50(3) (2002): 332-5.

Jenkins AL et al. Depression of the glycemic index by high levels of beta-glucan fiber in two functional foods tested in type 2 diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr 56(7) (2002): 622-8.

Karmally W et al. Cholesterol-lowering benefits of oat-containing cereal in Hispanic Americans. J Am Diet Assoc 105(6) (2005): 967-70.

Liu Let al. The antiatherogenic potential of oat phenolic compounds. Atherosclerosis 175(1) (2004): 39-49.

Lundin KE et al. Oats induced villous atrophy in coeliac disease. Gut 52(11) (2003): 1649-52.

Matheson JD, Clayton J, Muller MJ. The reduction of itch during burn wound healing. J Burn Care Rehabil 22(1) (2001): 76-81.

Mills S. The Essential Book of Herbal Medicine. Middlesex, UK: Penguin, 1991.

Natural medicines comprehensive database (NMCD online). Oats, 2003. Available from: http:// www.naturaldatabase .com

Nie L et al. Avenanthramide, a polyphenol from oats, inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and enhances nitric oxide production. Atherosclerosis 186(2) (2005): 260-6.

Onning G et al. Consumption of oat milk for 5 weeks lowers serum cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in free-living men with moderate hypercholesterolemia. Ann Nutr Metab 43(5) (1999): 301-9.

Peraaho M et al. Effect of an oats-containing gluten-free diet on symptoms and quality of life in coeliac disease: A randomized study. Sc and J Gastroenterol 39(1) (2004): 27-31.

Pins JJ et al. Do whole-grain oat cereals reduce the need for antihypertensive medications and improve blood pressure control? J Fam Pract 51(4) (2002): 353-59.

Rakel D. Integrative Medicine. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2003.

Richter W, Jacob B, Schwandt P. Interaction between fibre and lovastatin. Lancet 338(8768) (1991): 706.

Saltzman E et al. An oat-containing hypocaloric diet reduces systolic blood pressure and improves lipid profile beyond effects of weight loss in men and women. J Nutr 131(5) (2001): 1465-70.

Sandstrom B et al. A high oat-bran intake does not impair zinc absorption in humans when added to a low-fiber animal protein-based diet. J Nutr 130(3) (2000): 594-9.

Schmidt K, Geckeier K. Pharmacotherapy with avena sativa: a double blind study. Int J Clin Pharmacol Biopharm 14(3) (1976): 214-16.

Skidmore-Roth L. Mosby's Handbook of Herbs and Natural Supplements. St Louis: Mosby, 2001.

Storsrud S et al. Beneficial effects of oats in the gluten-free diet of adults with special reference to nutrient status, symptoms and subjective experiences. Br J Nutr 90(1) (2003a): 101-7.

Storsrud S et al. Adult coeliac patients do tolerate large amounts of oats. Eur J Clin Nutr 57(1) (2003b): 163-9.

Tapola N et al. Glycemic responses of oat bran products in type 2 diabetic patients. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 15(4) (2005): 255-61.

Thompson T. Oats and the gluten-free diet. J Am Diet Assoc 103(3) (2003): 376-9.

Witchl M, Bisset NG (eds). Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers, Oats öV? 1

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