A womans body in pregnancy

In this chapter, we describe the parts of a woman's body that are most affected by sex, pregnancy, and birth . We call these parts sexual or reproductive parts . We also explain how pregnancy happens, and how a woman's body changes during pregnancy

A woman's sexual and reproductive parts

A woman's genitals (vulva)

Sex Images Panirs Mouth

inner lips outer lips inner lips opening of the vagina opening of the vagina clitoris a very sensitive spot that can give sexual pleasure when touched urethra the opening that urine comes out of anus the opening of the rectum and intestine, where stool comes out

The pelvis

The bones below the belly are called the pelvis.

pelvis pelvis

pubic bone
Uterus Bone Full Body

The pelvis is shaped like a bowl with a hole in the bottom.

How Come Out Baby From Woman Hole
During birth, the baby passes through the hole to get out.

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How The Tummy Grows During Pregnancy

The womb is in the woman's belly along with her other organs

The womb, tubes, and ovaries

The womb (uterus) is a hollow muscle . It sits inside the pelvis . Monthly bleeding comes from the womb, and the womb is where the baby grows during pregnancy.

The womb is in the woman's belly along with her other organs

stomach kidney bladder stomach kidney bladder

If you could see the womb inside a woman's belly, i t would l ook l ike this:

tube

The tubes connect the womb to the

The cervix is the opening of the womb into the vagina. It is usually closed and plugged with mucus.

How The Tummy Grows During Pregnancy

ovary

The ovaries hold tiny eggs. Some people call eggs, "the seeds of the woman."

The cervix is the opening of the womb into the vagina. It is usually closed and plugged with mucus.

ovary

The ovaries hold tiny eggs. Some people call eggs, "the seeds of the woman."

vagina

The vagina is the opening in the outside of the woman's body that leads to the cervix and womb.

How women become pregnant

About once a month, a woman's ovary releases a tiny egg . The egg moves down the tube and into the womb

Men make tiny cells called sperm inside of their testicles . When a man ejaculates (comes), a fluid called semen comes out of his penis . Millions of sperm cells come out in that fluid egg egg

-ovary

The ovary releases a tiny egg into the tube.

-ovary

The ovary releases a tiny egg into the tube.

The semen and sperm travel through this tube and out of the penis.

testicle

The sperm is made in the testicles.

If a man ejaculates inside a woman's vagina during sexual intercourse, his sperm cells can travel through her vagina, through her womb, and into her tubes

If the woman and man have sexual intercourse near the time of the month that the woman's egg is moving down her tube, one of the man's sperm cells may meet her egg . The egg may then plant itself in the lining of the womb . If this happens, the woman becomes pregnant

Sperm Touch Uterus

Every month that the woman does not become pregnant, the bloody lining of her womb comes out about 2 weeks after she releases the egg . We call this monthly bleeding, or menstruation .

How the baby grows

After a sperm and egg join inside a woman's womb, they combine to become one group of cells that multiply and grow into a baby.

The mother's blood contains oxygen from the air she breathes and nutrition from the food she eats . Her blood then passes air and food to the baby through the cord and placenta

During the first 3 months of pregnancy, it is hard to see much happening from the outside . But inside the womb, the baby is forming organs, bones, and other body parts . During these early months, it is especially important that a pregnant woman avoid poisonous chemicals, unnecessary medicines, and alcohol, which can all harm the developing baby. As the baby grows, so does the womb The mother can see her belly growing and can feel the womb by putting a hand on her belly

When a woman is about 5 months pregnant, she can feel the top of her womb at her bellybutton.

When a woman is 9 months pregnant, she can feel the top of her womb just below her ribs.

When a woman is about 5 months pregnant, she can feel the top of her womb at her bellybutton.

When a woman is 9 months pregnant, she can feel the top of her womb just below her ribs.

This is what you would see if you could look inside a pregnant woman's womb.

Inside the womb, the baby floats in a bag of fluid called amniotic fluid (the bag of waters). The baby is connected to the placenta (afterbirth) by a cord, and the placenta is attached to the inside of the mother's womb.

Infertility

When a person has difficulty having a child, he or she is infertile. For a couple that wants to have children, infertility can bring sadness, anger, or shame.

Often the woman is blamed when she does not become pregnant. Even if the couple gets medical help, many doctors will check only the woman for fertility problems . But often the man is the one who is infertile . Neither men nor women should be blamed for infertility. And both need support during this difficult time.

Infertility has many causes. Some cannot be prevented. But many causes of infertility are preventable.

• Sexually transmitted infections can leave scars inside a man's or woman's reproductive parts that prevent pregnancy.

• Illnesses such as diabetes, tuberculosis, malaria, and mumps can cause infertility.

• Dangerous chemicals from pesticides, cleaning products, or factories can get into the air, water, or food . These chemicals can make it Even washing clothes that have dangerous difficult for a woman to get pregnant, chemicals on them can harm fertility. or can harm the growing baby.

• Smoking, chewing tobacco, drinking a lot of alcohol or using drugs can all harm fertility

There are other causes of infertility that are not preventable . To learn more, look at a general health book like Where Women Have No Doctor.

Menopause

When women grow older, they stop bleeding each month (menopause). They also stop producing eggs and lose the ability to become pregnant. This may happen suddenly, or slowly over 1 or 2 years . For most women, menopause happens when they are between 45 and 55 years old .

During menopause, many women have some of these signs:

• changes in monthly bleeding before it stops completely

• suddenly feeling very hot and sweaty (hot flashes)

• vagina becomes smaller and more dry

• sudden changes in feelings

Many women are relieved when they do not have to worry about pregnancy anymore . As elders, women can share the wisdom of their years of life experience .

Men make sperm through most of their lives, even when they are very old

trtAllMiAAift. www.nespenan.org

Chapter 4

Helping women stay healthy n this chapter:

Eating well

Talking to women about food 34

Eat more food 34

Eat a variety of foods 34

Eat these 5 important vitamins and minerals every day 36

Caring for the body for good health

Keep clean 42

Care for the teeth and mouth 43

Exercise 43

Things to avoid during pregnancy and

Stay away from people with rubella and other sicknesses 45

Avoid taking medicines 45

Avoid smoking, alcohol, and other drugs 46

Ideas about food affect women's health 39

Eating well with little money 41

Sleep, rest, and relax 44

Enjoy the pregnancy 44

breastfeeding 45

Stay away from chemicals and fumes 47

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