Vitex rotundifolia L f Verbenaceae Round Leaf Chastetree Beach Vitex

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Vitex rotundifolia leaves Vitex rotundifolia tree

Description: Vitex rotundifolia L. f. is an evergreen woody tree, densely covered with short hairs. Leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, broadly oblong-elliptic, 2-5 cm long by 1.5-3 cm wide, rounded or abruptly acute at the base. Inflorescence panicles are at the terminal, densely flowered, 4-7 cm long with purple corolla. Fruits are globose, 5-7 mm.[1]

Origin: Native to Temperate and Tropical Asia, Australasia and Pacific.[2]

Phytoconstituents: Rotundifuran, prerotundifuran, vitexilactone, previtexi-lactone, vitexicarpin, vitricine, vitetrifolins D-G, vitexifolins A-E, isoambreinolide and others.[1,3-9]

Traditional Medicinal Uses: In Malaysia, various parts of the plants are considered panacea for illnesses ranging from headache to tuberculosis.[10] In China, the plant has been used for the treatment of cancer.[11] A poultice of the leaves is used to treat rheumatism, contusions, swollen testicles and as a dis-cutient in sprains. In Indonesia, leaves have been used in medicinal baths, as a tincture or for intestinal complaints.[10] In Papua New Guinea, sap from crushed heated leaves is diluted with water and drunk to relieve headaches. The fruits are used to expel worms and in Vietnam, a decoction of dried fruits has been used to treat colds, headache, watery eyes and mastitis.[10] In Thailand, fruits have been used for asthmatic cough and haemorrhoids.[10] Infusion of the boiled roots is regarded as diaphoretic and diuretic, drunk for fever, after child-birth and for liver diseases.[10]

Pharmacological Activities: Analgesic,[12] Antibacterial,[1314] Antifungal,[15] Anti-inflammatory,[16] Antineoplastic,[111517-20] Antinociceptive,[8] Antioxidant,® Antiprotozoal,[21] Hypotensive,[22] Immunomodulatory,[17] Antimutagenic[23] and Insect repellant.[15]

Dosage: No information as yet.

Adverse Reactions: V rotundifolia may trigger various allergic reactions such as sneezing, respiratory problems, dizziness, headache and nausea.[10]

Toxicity: No information as yet.

Contraindications: No information as yet.

Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.

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