Vitex rotundifolia L f Verbenaceae Round Leaf Chastetree Beach Vitex

Vitex rotundifolia leaves Vitex rotundifolia tree

Description: Vitex rotundifolia L. f. is an evergreen woody tree, densely covered with short hairs. Leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, broadly oblong-elliptic, 2-5 cm long by 1.5-3 cm wide, rounded or abruptly acute at the base. Inflorescence panicles are at the terminal, densely flowered, 4-7 cm long with purple corolla. Fruits are globose, 5-7 mm.[1]

Origin: Native to Temperate and Tropical Asia, Australasia and Pacific.[2]

Phytoconstituents: Rotundifuran, prerotundifuran, vitexilactone, previtexi-lactone, vitexicarpin, vitricine, vitetrifolins D-G, vitexifolins A-E, isoambreinolide and others.[1,3-9]

Traditional Medicinal Uses: In Malaysia, various parts of the plants are considered panacea for illnesses ranging from headache to tuberculosis.[10] In China, the plant has been used for the treatment of cancer.[11] A poultice of the leaves is used to treat rheumatism, contusions, swollen testicles and as a dis-cutient in sprains. In Indonesia, leaves have been used in medicinal baths, as a tincture or for intestinal complaints.[10] In Papua New Guinea, sap from crushed heated leaves is diluted with water and drunk to relieve headaches. The fruits are used to expel worms and in Vietnam, a decoction of dried fruits has been used to treat colds, headache, watery eyes and mastitis.[10] In Thailand, fruits have been used for asthmatic cough and haemorrhoids.[10] Infusion of the boiled roots is regarded as diaphoretic and diuretic, drunk for fever, after child-birth and for liver diseases.[10]

Pharmacological Activities: Analgesic,[12] Antibacterial,[1314] Antifungal,[15] Anti-inflammatory,[16] Antineoplastic,[111517-20] Antinociceptive,[8] Antioxidant,® Antiprotozoal,[21] Hypotensive,[22] Immunomodulatory,[17] Antimutagenic[23] and Insect repellant.[15]

Dosage: No information as yet.

Adverse Reactions: V rotundifolia may trigger various allergic reactions such as sneezing, respiratory problems, dizziness, headache and nausea.[10]

Toxicity: No information as yet.

Contraindications: No information as yet.

Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.

101 Power Tips For Preventing and Treating Headaches

101 Power Tips For Preventing and Treating Headaches

Are you fed up with your frequent headache pain? 101 Simple Ways to Attack Your Headache BEFORE the Pain Starts Guaranteed No Pain, No Fear, Full Control Normal Life Again Headaches can stop you from doing all the things you love. Seeing friends, playing with the kids... even trying to watch your favorite television shows.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment