Description: Vitex rotundifolia L. f. is an evergreen woody tree, densely covered with short hairs. Leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, broadly oblong-elliptic, 2-5 cm long by 1.5-3 cm wide, rounded or abruptly acute at the base. Inflorescence panicles are at the terminal, densely flowered, 4-7 cm long with purple corolla. Fruits are globose, 5-7 mm.
Origin: Native to Temperate and Tropical Asia, Australasia and Pacific.
Phytoconstituents: Rotundifuran, prerotundifuran, vitexilactone, previtexi-lactone, vitexicarpin, vitricine, vitetrifolins D-G, vitexifolins A-E, isoambreinolide and others.[1,3-9]
Traditional Medicinal Uses: In Malaysia, various parts of the plants are considered panacea for illnesses ranging from headache to tuberculosis. In China, the plant has been used for the treatment of cancer. A poultice of the leaves is used to treat rheumatism, contusions, swollen testicles and as a dis-cutient in sprains. In Indonesia, leaves have been used in medicinal baths, as a tincture or for intestinal complaints. In Papua New Guinea, sap from crushed heated leaves is diluted with water and drunk to relieve headaches. The fruits are used to expel worms and in Vietnam, a decoction of dried fruits has been used to treat colds, headache, watery eyes and mastitis. In Thailand, fruits have been used for asthmatic cough and haemorrhoids. Infusion of the boiled roots is regarded as diaphoretic and diuretic, drunk for fever, after child-birth and for liver diseases.
Pharmacological Activities: Analgesic, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory, Antineoplastic,[111517-20] Antinociceptive, Antioxidant,® Antiprotozoal, Hypotensive, Immunomodulatory, Antimutagenic and Insect repellant.
Dosage: No information as yet.
Toxicity: No information as yet.
Contraindications: No information as yet.
Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.
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