Description: Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. is a small shrub that can grow up to 3 m tall. Leaf blade is ovate-lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, or lanceolate, 3-10 cm by 1.5-3.5 cm and thinly papery. Flowers are small and borne in axillary clusters. Mature fruit is about 5 cm wide. Young branches and leaves are used as vegetable.[1,2]
Origin: Native to China and tropical Asia.
Phytoconstituents: Sauroposide, (-)-isolariciresinol, corchoionoside C and others.[4-10]
Traditional Medicinal Uses: The fresh leaves or roots possess uterotonic activity and are used for the treatment of retained placenta. A mouth wash made from the juice of the fresh leaves and honey, and applied to the tongue and gums cures thrush of the tongue in infants. The leaves are used for erythema, measles and dysuria. Its roots serve as a diuretic and relieve congestion. The root decoction is used for fever and urinary bladder complaints.
Pharmacological Activities: Anthelmintic.
Dosage: For the treatment of retained placenta, a dose of 40 g, in the form of an extracted juice is administered in 2 subdoses at 10 minutes interval.
Toxicity: Reported to cause bronchiolitis obliterans, ischaemic bronchi necrosis, irreversible obstructive ventilatory defect, breathing difficul-
ties[20,21] and is cytotoxic.
Contraindications: No information as yet. Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.
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