Juniperus chinensis L Cupressaceae Chinese Juniper

Leaves of Juniperus chinensis Juniperus chinensis tree

Description: Juniperus chinensis L. is conical shaped tree that can grow up to 25 m tall. Leaves are both scale-like and needle-like. Needle-like leaves are present on both young and adult plants, decussate or in whorls of three, loosely arranged, ascending, nearly lanceolate whereby scale-like leaves are present only in the adult. Seed cones are brown when ripe, usually glaucous, subglobose and 4-9 mm in diameter.[1]

Origin: Native to Myanmar and temperate Asia.[2]

Phytoconstituents: Chinensiol, yatein, podophyllotoxin, thujopsenal, wid-drol, sandaracopimaric acid, hinokiic acid and others.[3-11]

Traditional Medicinal Uses: The leaves are used as a tonic to treat bleeding resulting from coughs.[12] It is also used for cold and haemorrhage. Liquor brewed from fresh leaves is used as a tonic and to treat hemoptysis. Others include treatment for convulsions, excessive sweating and hepatitis.[3] Its roots are used on burns, scalds and to promote hair growth on scars.[3]

Pharmacological Activities: Antibacterial,[13] Antifungal,[1314] Antineoplastic^15 Antioxidant,® Hypoglycemic™ and Hypolipidaemic.[816]

Dosage: No information as yet.

Adverse Reactions: No information as yet.

Toxicity: No information as yet.

Contraindications: No information as yet.

Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.

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