Jemerlang Laut Yellow Flame Yellow Flamboyant

Peltophorum pterocarpum tree
Peltophorum Apiculata Medicinal Benefits
Peltophorum pterocarpum flowers Fruits of Peltophorum pterocarpum

Description: Peltophorum pterocarpum Backer ex K. Heyne is a large tree with dome-shaped crown that can grow up to 24 m tall. The main rachis are 15-30 cm long and the pinnae are 6-20 paired with each pinna having 20-30 pairs of oblong leaflets. Flowers are yellow and in large bunches. The tree bears pods which are oblong, 5-10 cm long, flat and thin.[1-3]

Origin: Native to Malaysia, Ceylon, the Andamans and North Australia.[3]

Phytoconstituents: Rhamnetin, hirusitidin, bergenin and others.[4]

Traditional Medicinal Uses: The bark extract is used internally to cure dysentery and externally as a lotion to treat sprains, muscular aches, ulcers, and as an eye lotion, gargle and tooth powder.[2]

Pharmacological Activities: Antibacterial[5-7] and Antifungal.[7]

Dosage: No information as yet.

Adverse Reactions: No information as yet.

Toxicity: No information as yet.

Contraindications: No information as yet.

Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.

56. Persicaria hydropiper L. (Polygonaceae)

Water Pepper, Laksa Plant

Medicine Plant Useful For Infertility
Persicaria hydropiper herbs Persicaria hydropiper top view

Description: Persicaria hydropiper L. is an erect herb that can grow up to 30-50 cm tall. Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, short petioled, tapering to a pointed end, ciliate on the under surface. Flowers are white, in sparse, thin and with hanging false ears. Fruit is black, nut-like and has a flat and domed side.[1]

Origin: Native to Northern Africa, tropical and temperate Asia, Australia and Europe.[2]

Phytoconstituents: Rhamnazin, hydropiperoside, polygoidal, warburganal, isopolygodial, isodrimeninol, drimenol, confertifolin and others.[1,3-5]

Traditional Medicinal Uses: The liquid extract of the plant is used as a contraceptive and a haemostatic.[6] The plant is also used alone or with other herbs decocted for diarrhoea, dyspepsia, dysentery, enteritis, diuretic, expelling worms, heat stroke, itching skin, haemorrhage, j aundice and cancer as well.[7] In folk medicine, it is used internally for uterine bleeding, menstrual bleeding, bleeding of haemorrhoids, gastrointestinal bleeding, rheumatic pain, as a diuretic, for bladder and kidney disease, and gout. It is used externally for poorly healing wounds, sprains and contusions.[1] The leaves are pounded and applied to skin diseases, for uterine disorders,[7] while its seeds are used as carminative, diuretic and stimulant.[7]

Pharmacological Activities: Analgesic,[8] Anthelmintic,[9] Antifertility,[1011] Antifungal,[12-14] Antineoplastic,[15] Antioxidant,[12] Antimutagenic[16] and Insect repellent.[1718]

Dosage: A tea prepared by pouring 0.25 L of hot water over 1 heaped teaspoon of the dried plant extract and strained after 10 min is to be drunk 3 times a day.[1] Homeopathically, it is used to treat varicose veins, 5 drops, 1 tablet or 10 globules are to be taken every 30 to 60 min in acute cases, or 1 to 3 times daily for chronical cases.[1]

Adverse Reactions: No known side effects with therapeutic dosages. Larger amounts can cause gastroenteritis. Skin irritation may occur if applied externally.[1]

Toxicity: Toxic to animals[19-21] and the LD50 for its chloroform leaf extract was 758.58 mg/kg in male albino mice.[22]

Contraindications: No information as yet.

Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.

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