Description: Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. is a perennial erect grass about 0.6-1.5 m tall. Leaf blades are linear to lanceolate, long, 0.5-1 cm by 15-30 cm, narrow, with sharp margins and prominent nerves. Inflorescences are white and fluffy. Rhizome is hard, coriaceous and deep within the soil.
Origin: Native to China and Africa but this widespread weed can be found throughout the world.
Phytoconstituents: Arborinione, arundoin, anemonin, isoorientin, imper-anene, cylindol A and B, graminones A and B, cylindrene, isoarborinol, impecyloside and others.[3-10]
Traditional Medicinal Uses: Rotted grass from thatch boiled with wine is used to treat bug bite, haemoptysis, severe constipation and vaginismus. It is also used for drug withdrawal symptoms. Besides being used to quench thirst, its flowers and rhizome are also used to treat blood in the sputum, nose bleeds, lung and kidney diseases, j aundice, haemorrhage, wounds, haemoptysis, epistaxis, haematemesis, haematuria, nephritic oedema, high fever, and urinary tract infections. The roots are used to treat fever, cough with phlegm, asthma, cancer, dropsy, epistaxis, haematuria, jaundice, nephritis, diarrhoea, gonorrhoea and dysuria.
Pharmacological Activities: Antidiuretic, Anti-inflammatory, Neuroprotective^ and Antibacterial.
Dosage: Rhizome is used for the treatment of urodynia, pollakiuria, haema-turia and fever. The recommended usual daily dose is 10 to 40 g in the form of a decoction, to be administered orally.
Toxicity: No information as yet.
Contraindications: No information as yet.
Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.
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