Description: Euphorbia hirta L. is an annual herb, which can grow up to 30 cm tall, and branched near the base. Leaves are elliptic-oblong, 2-3 cm by 0.8-1.5 cm. Inflorescence is small, in axillary dense clusters, each with one female flower and 4-5 male flowers inside.
Origin: Native to the Pantropic.
Phytoconstituents: Euphorbon, euphosterol, camphol, leucocyanidol, xan-thorhamnin, taraxerol, taraxerone, myricitrin, euphorbianin and others.[3-6]
Traditional Medicinal Uses: The whole plant is decocted for athlete's foot, dysentery, enteritis, fever, gas, itch, and skin conditions. It is also regarded as anodyne, depurative, diuretic, lactogogue, purgative, and vermifuge. The plant is used for asthma, bronchitis, calculus, colic, cough, dyspnoea, eruptions, excrescences, i nfluenza, fractures, gonorrhoea, headache, hypertension, measles, nausea, ophthalmia, sores, splinters, stomachache, tumours, urogenital ailments, warts and wounds. In Central Province of Papua New Guinea, the plant is boiled and the solution is taken by patients who pass blood in the urine. The Chinese use the plant to treat fever, dysentery and skin conditions. In the Philippines and Indonesia, the plant is used to treat bowel problems. The latex is used on warts and abscesses.
Pharmacological Activities: Analgesic, Antibacterial, Anti-diarrhoeal, Anti-inflammatory, Antiplatelet, Antiprotozoal,[19,20] Antipyretic, Anxiolytic, Diuretic, Sedative, Antianaphylactic and Molluscicidal.[25,26]
Dosage: No information as yet.
Adverse Reactions: No information as yet.
Toxicity: Toxic to brine shrimp.
Contraindications: No information as yet.
Drug-Herb Interactions: No information as yet.
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If you suffer with asthma, you will no doubt be familiar with the uncomfortable sensations as your bronchial tubes begin to narrow and your muscles around them start to tighten. A sticky mucus known as phlegm begins to produce and increase within your bronchial tubes and you begin to wheeze, cough and struggle to breathe.