Watermelon citrullus lanatus thunb matsum nakai cucurbitaceae

Synonyms:

Citrullus caffer Schrad.; Citrullus edulis Spach.; Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. mucosospermus Fursa; Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.; Colocynthis citrullus (L.) O. Kuntze; Cucurbita citrullus L., Momordica lanata Thunb.

Notes (Watermelon):

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick: But our soul is dried away: there is nothing at all, beside this manna, before our eyes.

Numbers 11:5-6 (KJV)

We remember the fish we ate in Egypt for nothing, the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions, and the garlic; but now our strength is dried up, and there is nothing at all but this manna to look at.

Numbers 11:5-6 (RSV)

Cucurbitaceae Medicinal Plant
FIGURE 1.28 Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus).

How we remember the fish that we used to eat in Egypt for nothing, the cucumbers and the water melons, and the leeks and the onions, and the garlic; But now our soul is dried away. Our eyes are on nothing at all except the manna.

Numbers 11:5-6 (NWT)

Of the three versions, only NWT specifies watermelons. And it really is a life-sustaining treasure in the desert when you have lost your canteen. Many of the common names that follow were taken from Porcher's excellent Australian database (http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au). Porcher's team adopted the group names "Lanatus" for wild and semi wild African watermelons, "Vulgaris" to cover "edible" cultivars, and "Citroides" to cover the preserving melons and fodder cultivars, deeming it a "sensible option" (POR). I have also taken at least one common name for each country from a large colloquial name collection presented in UPW. Noting that watermelon has been known from Egypt since the Bronze Age, Zohary speculates that watermelon was domesticated in Africa during the Neolithic Period.

Common Names (Watermelon):

Anguria (It.; POR); Arbuz (Pol.; Rus.; POR); Arbuz Stolovyj (Rus.; POR); Arpuusi (Fin.; POR); Ava-tiach (Heb.; POR); Avatiach Pashut. (Heb.; POR); Avatihim (Heb.; ZOH); Bateekh (Arab.; POR); Batia (Ma.; JFM); Battikh (Arab.; Syria; HJP; POR); Belancia (Por.; AVP); Belik Zichi (Arab.; EFS); Betteakh (Arab.; Egypt; POR); Chaya Pula (Sanskrit; EFS); Choei Koa (China; POR); Cimangko (Dwi.; POR); Citron Melon (Eng.; POR); Cocomero (It.; AVP; POR); Coloquinte (Fr.; POR); Da Zi Gua Zi Xi Gua (China; POR); Dinia (Bul.; POR); Dua Do (Vn.; POR); Dua Hao (Vn.; POR); Dua Hao Ruoi Do (Vn.; POR); Dua Hao Ruoi Vang (Vn.; POR); Egusi Melon (Eng.; POR); Eguzui Suika (Japan; POR); Facé (Por.; AVP); Fodder Melon (Eng.; POR); Futtermelone (Ger.; POR); Gewöhnliche Wassermelone (Ger.; POR); Görög-dinnye (Hun.; POR); Grosse Wasser Melon (Ger.; EFS); Grote Water Meloen (Dutch; EFS); Gua Zi Xi Gua (China; POR); Han Koa (China; POR); Han Kua (China; EFS); Hia Koa (China; POR); Hinduana (BAL; KAB); Hsi Kua (China; EFS); Jabas (Arab.; Syria; HJP); Jacé (Por.; AVP); Ka-bed (Tibet; NPM); Karpusi (Greek; POR); Karpouzia (Cyprus; POR); Karpusi (Greek; POR); Karpuz (Tur.; POR); Kavun (Ukraine; POR); Kawon (Pol.; POR); Kharbuza (Hindi; POR); Kharmuja (Hindi; POR); Lubenica (Croatia; Macedonia; POR); Lubenica Meloun (Czech.; POR); Lubenice (Slovenia; POR); Lubenitsa (Serbia; POR); Malancia (Por.; EFS); Matao (Thai; POR); Mehal (BAL; KAB); Melancia (Por.; JFM; POR); Melância (Mad.; Por.; POR); Melâo d'Agua (Por.; AVP; JFM); Melone d'Acqua (It.; POR); Melón de Agua (Cuba; Peru; Sp.; EFS; JFM; RyM; SOU); Melon d'Eau (Fr.; Haiti; AVP; EFS); Melon Dlo (Creole; Haiti; AVP; VOD); Melon Fourrager (Fr.; POR); Mendikai (Malaya; POR); Môô (Laos; POR); Mtango (Swahili; POR); Mtikiti (Swahili; POR); Nzara (Sudan; EFS); 'Öö'w Llök (Khmer; POR); Pakwan (Tag.; POR); Pastecca (It.; POR); Pastek (Creole; Haiti; VOD); Pastèque (Fr.; Fr. Guiana; AVP; JFM); Pastèque à Graine Rouge (Fr.; POR); Pastèque Fourragère (Fr.; POR); Patia (Ma.; JFM); Patilla (Dr.; Pr.; Ven.; AVP); Patille (Ven.; EFS; JFM); Pati Yache (Ma.; JFM); Pepene Verde (Rom.; POR); Popone (It.; AVP); Preserving Melon (Eng.; POR); Raqqi? (Iran; POR); Red-Seeded Citron (Eng.; POR); Red-Seeded Preserving Melon (Eng.; POR); Samangka (Sunda; POR); Sandia (Bel.; Bol.; Mex.; Peru; BNA; EGG; JFM; SOU); Sandilla (Peru; RAR); Semangka (Malaya; POR); Shiryou Suika (Japan; POR); Shi Yong Xi Gua (China; POR); Shokuyou Suika (Japan; POR); Si koa (Canton; POR); Si Liao Xi Gua (China; POR); Soo Bahk (Korea; POR); Stock Melon (Eng.; POR); Su Bak (Korea; POR); Suika (Japan; POR); Taeng Chin (Thai; POR); Taeng Moh (Thai; POR); Tarabuja (Nepal; NPM; POR); Tarabuucha (Guj.; POR); Tarabuuja; (Mar.; Pun.; POR); Tarabuujaa (Nepal; POR); Tarabuuza (Hindi; POR); Tarbooz (Hindi; POR); Tarbuj (Hindi; POR); Tarbuz (Hindi; POR); Tarmuj (Hindi; POR); Taramuj (Beng.; POR); Tarbuz (India; EFS); Tèng mô (Laos; POR); Tembikai (Malaya; POR); Ts'ing Teng Koa (China; POR); Vandmelon (Den.; POR); Vannmelon (Nor.; POR); Vattenmelon (Swe.; POR); Vesimeloni (Fin.; POR); Waatlemoen (Afrikan; POR); Wasserkürbis (Ger.; AVP); Wassemelone (Ger.; POR); Wasserzitrulle (Ger.; POR); Watermeloen (Dutch; POR); Watermelon (Eng.; Scn.; AH2; CR2; NPM); Watesan (Java; POR); Wild Melon (Eng.; POR; USN); Xi Gua (Pin.; AH2; DAA); Xi Gua Pi (Pin.; AH2).

Activities (Watermelon):

Antemetic (f; VOD); Anthelmintic (1; HDN; WO2); Antiallergic (1; X8463793); Anticancer (1; FNF); Antioxidant (1; FNF; X15351703); Antiprostatitic (1; FNF); Antiseptic (f; BIB; EFS); Aphrodisiac (f; KAB); Cerebrotonic (f; BIB); Chemopreventive (1; FNF); Curare (1; HDN); Demulcent (f; EFS; WO2); Diuretic (f1; JFM; VOD; WO2); Febrifuge (f; HJP; VOD; WO2); Hypocholesterolemic (1; FNF); Hypotensive (1; BIB; WO2); Litholytic (f1; AHL; VOD; WO2); Nephrotonic (f; HJP); Purgative (f; WO2); Snake Repellant (f; HDN); Vermifuge (f1; JFM; SOU).

Indications (Watermelon):

Bite (f; HDN); BPH (1; FNF); Bronchosis (f; JFM); Cancer (1; FNF; WO2); Catarrh (f; BIB); Cys-tosis (1; BIB; JFM); Depression (1; BIB; FNF); Dermatosis (f; HDN); Diarrhea (f; BIB; WO2); Dyspepsia (f; BIB); Dysuria (f; BIB; JLH; MAX; WO2); Fever (f; BIB; HDN; VOD); Gas (f; JFM); Gonorrhea (f; BIB); Headache (f; JFM); Hepatosis (f; JFM); High Blood Pressure (1; JFM); Infection (f; WO2); Inflammation (f; BIB); Kidney stone (f1; VOD; WO2); Maculitis (1; FNF); Malaria (f; HDN; JFM); Nephrosis (f; BIB; WO2); Pulmonosis (f; JFM); Sinusitis (f; BIB); Sore (f; BIB; WO2); Sore Throat (f; BIB); Stomatosis (f; BIB); Stone (f1; VOD; WO2); Strangury (f; WO2); Roundworm (1; WO2); Tapeworm (1; WO2); Typhus (f; BIB); Urethrosis (f; MAX); Vaginosis (f; BIB); Venereal Disease (f; BIB); Worm (f1; HDN; JFM; RAR; WO2).

Dosages (Watermelon):

Fruit pulp edible; seeds edible, raw or toasted; toasted seeds served as coffee substitute; pickled young fruits and rinds edible; leaves used as potherb (EGG; FAC).

• Bahamans decoct bruised seeds and drink as diuretic 3 x/day (JFM).

• Cherokee have adopted the seeds for kidney ailments and enuresis, Cheyenne take seed as diuretic, Chickasaw take seed for bloody urine, Iroquois use them for oliguria, and the Rappahannock take seed infusions for gravel or kidney stones, in men or horses (DEM).

• Curacao Natives bind the rind around head for headache (JFM).

• Haitians, believing the fruit juice diuretic and febrifuge, drink it for kidney stones (VOD).

• Haitians ingest leaves for respiratory problems and nausea (VOD).

• Latinos express 5 to 8 g juice from fresh seeds in 1 cup water for worms (JFM; SOU).

• Mexicans take leaf decoction for malaria (JFM).

• Puerto Ricans eat the diuretic, tonic fruit for bronchitis, catarrh, gas, and lung problems (JFM).

• Venezuelans poultice mashed rind onto liver problems (JFM). Downsides (Watermelon):

"Eating unripe watermelons causes serious illness, even death" (JFM). eXTRACTs (wATERMELoN):

Citrin (cucurbocitrin) hypotensive. Mandel et al. (2005), after finding citrullinaemia and high argi-nine in a 19-month-old girl with developmental delay, learned she had consumed large quantities of watermelon, a fruit rich in free citrulline and arginine. Then they fed watermelon to six healthy adults. All developed elevated plasma citrulline (386-1069 pmol/l) and moderately elevated plasma arginine (128-251 pmol/l). Citrullinaemia, new to me, is indicated by elevated plasma citrulline and arginine, in the absence of orotic or arginosuccinic aciduria or hyperammonaemia (X15902549).

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