Acacia raddiana Savi Notes (Biblical Acacia):
And you shall make upright frames for the tabernacle of acacia wood.
Exodus 26:15 (RSV)
Zohary is convinced that the "common acacia" is the most correct identification of the shittah whose wood was used in constructing the Tabernacle. He argues that the other native species—A. albida, A. laeta, A. negevensis, and A. tortilis — neither conform as well to the scriptural text, nor are they so suitable for construction. According to Zohary, A. albida and A. laeta are absent in the Sinai, where the Israelites wandered. A. negevensis and A. tortilis are either unsuitable for construction or are rare in the Sinai. Of 24 biblical references to shittim, 19 are to the acacia tree and 5 to places associated with the tree. The Arabic word sunt designates acacia in Arabia, Egypt, and southern Israel. Zohary argues that sunt is the linguistic equivalent of the Hebrew shittah (ZOH).
Common Names (Biblical Acacia):
Abser (Ber.; BOU); Abzac (Ber.; BOU); Aluki (Mali; UPW); Cilluki (Upper Volta; UPW); Faux Gommier (Fr.; UPW); Gommier de Tunisie (Fr.; BOU); Hares (Arab.; BOU); Samr (Nig.; UPW); Sayal (Arab.; BOU); Seyal (Niger; UPW); Shittah (Heb.; ZOH); Somer (Arab.; Yemen; X15890471); Sunt (Arab.; Egypt; ZOH); Tadjdjart (Ber.; BOU); Tahi (Arab.; Sen.; UPW); Talh (Arab.; BOU); Talha (Arab.; Mauritania; UPW); Tamat (Ber.; BOU); Tihi (Ber.; BOU).
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