Sandarac tetraclinis articulata vahl mast cupressaceae

Synonyms:

Callitris articulata (Vahl) Murb.; Callitris quadrivalvis Vent.; Cupressus articulata (Vahl) J. Forbes; Thuja articulata Vahl fide CJE; USN

Notes (Sandarac):

The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble.

Revelation 18:12 (KJV)

[C]argo of gold, silver, jewels and pearls, fine linen, purple, silk and scarlet, all kinds of scented wood, all articles of ivory, all articles of costly wood, bronze, iron and marble.

Revelation 18:12 (RSV)

A full stock of gold, and silver and precious stone and pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and scarlet, and everything in scented wood, and every sort of ivory object, and every sort of object out of most precious wood and of copper and of iron and of marble.

Revelation 18:12 (NWT)

Only in the KJV and only once do I find thyine. I wonder if Zohary should have been working with the KJV instead of the RSV, if he, too, would have considered including this species in his book. Although it is not listed as native to Israel, it is said to be indigenous to northern Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia), Sicily; Malta, and Spain. The passage above is talking about imports, so it is not necessary that it be indigenous to Israel or Egypt. The next stanza lists cinnamon, frankincense, myrrh, even salves, among the cargo as well. Certainly, like other members of this family, it has scented wood, as do so many other arid land species. I do not know why the KJV translated this as "thyine" instead of "scented wood."

Common Names (Sandarac):

Afrikanischer Sandarac (Ger.; HH3); Alerce (Eng.; CJE); Amelzi (Ber.; BOU); Amkouk (Ber.; BOU); Ar'ar (Arab.; BOU); Ar'ar Berboush (Arab.; BOU); Ar'ar el Eibel (Arab.; BOU); Arartree (Eng.; CJE; USN); Cyprès de l'Atlas (Fr.; USN); Gharghar (Arab.; CJE); Gliederzypresse (Ger.; HH3); Gum Juniper (Eng.; HH3); Irhkri (Ber.; BOU); Irz (Ber.; BOU); Juniper Gum Tree (Eng.; BOU); Marokkanischer Sandarac (Ger.; HH3); Mediterranean Sandarac-Cypress (Eng.; USN); Moigador Sandarak (Ger.; HH3); Sandarac (Eng.; BIB; HH3; USB); Sandarac Gum Tree (Eng.; CJE); Sandaraco (Sp.; HH3); Sandarakbaum (Ger.; HH3; USN); Sandarakharz (Ger.; HH3); San-daraque (Fr.; HH3); Sandarus (Arab.; BOU); Shagaret el Hayat (Arab.; BOU); Tarout (Ber.; BOU); Tazout (Ber.; BOU); Thuia a la Sandaraque (Fr.; BOU); Thuia Articulé (Fr.; BOU); Thuja de Barbarie (Fr.; USN); Thyine (Eng.; BIB); Tifizza (Ber.; BOU); Tiranrat (Ber.; BOU); Tirarar (Ber.; BOU); Tuya Articulada (Sp.; USN); Vernix (Fr.; BOU); Nscn.

Activities (Sandarac):

Abortifacient (f; BIB); Apoptotic (1; X10697574); Bactericide (f1; HH3; PH2); Cytotoxic (1; X10697574).

Indications (Sandarac):

Bacteria (f1; HH3; PH2); Cancer (f1; JLH); Cancer, breast (f1; JLH; X10697574); Cancer, ovary (f1; JLH; X10697574); Carcinoma (f; JLH); Dermatosis (f; BIB; BOU); Diabetes (f; X9324004); Diarrhea (f; HH3; PH2); Edema (f; PH2); Fever (f; HH3; PH2); Gout (f; PH2); Hemorrhoid (f; DAW); Infection (f1; HH3; PH2); Mastosis (1; X10697574); Melanoma (1; X10697574); Migraine (f; BIB); Neck (f; BIB; BOU); Pain (f; BIB; BOU); Rheumatism (f; DAW; PH2); Sunburn (f; BIB; BOU); Swelling (f; PH2).

Dosages (sandarac):

• Egyptians suggest the plant for diarrhea, gout, and rheumatism (DAW).

• North Africans suggest a leaf cataplasm for insolation, migraine, and headache (BOU).

• North Africans use tar from old trees for skin ailments (BOU).

Downsides (Sandarac):

No health hazards with proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages (PH2) (but PH2 designates no dosage!; JAD).

Extracts (Sandarac):

The essential oil induced apoptosis in human melanoma, breast, and ovarian cancer cell lines. Melanoma, breast, and ovarian cancer cells gave IC50 values of circa 80 ^g/ml. The authors discuss the advantage of a mixture of monoterpenes over a single component (X10697574).

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