Adenopathy (f; KAB); Ameba (f; PH2); Amenorrhea (f; JFM); Anorexia (f2; APA; EFS; KOM; PH2); Arthrosis (f; BIB; HHB); Asthenia (f; BOU); Bacillus (1; HH2; X15612768); Bacteria (1; PH2; X15612768); Biliousness (f; BIB; DEP; SUW); Bleeding (f; DEP; EGG; PH2); BO (f; APA); Bron-chosis (f; KAB); Burn (f; BOU); Cancer (f; JLH); Cancer, abdomen (f; JLH); Cancer, colon (f; JLH); Cancer, sinew (f; JLH); Cancer, spleen (f; JLH); Cancer, uterus (f; JLH); Carbuncle (f; BOU; DEP); Cardiopathy (f; BIB; GHA); Catarrh (f; BIB); Chickenpox (f; PH2; SKJ); Childbirth (f; IHB: PH2); Cholecocystosis (f; PHR); Cholera (f; BOU); Colic (f; DEP; GHA; HHB); Condyloma (f; JLH); Conjunctivosis (f; DEP; GHA); Coryza (f; KAB); Cough (f; IHB; PHR; PH2); Cramp (f1; BGB; BIB; PH2); Cystosis (f; PH2); Dermatosis (f; PHR; PH2); Diabetes (f; JFM); Diarrhea (f; APA; EGG; HHB); Dysentery (f1; APA; PHR; PH2); Dyspepsia (f12; APA; DEP; GHA; HHB; KOM; PH2); Dysuria (f; PH2); Edema (f; PH2); Enterosis (f2; BGB; JLH; PHR; PH2); Epistaxis (f; EGG; PH2); Erotomania (f; BIB); Erysipelas (f; BIB); Erythema (f; DEP); Escherichia (1; HH2; X15612768); Fever (f; PHR; PH2); Fungus (1;PHR); Gingirrhagia (f; KAB); Gleet (f; KAB); Halitosis (f; APA;
DEP; PHR; PH2); Headache (f1; PH2; X15612768); Gas (f1; APA; BGB; DEP; EGG); Gastrosis (f1; BGB; HHB; BIB; DEP; EGG; PHR; PH2); Hemorrhoid (f; APA; DEP; PH2); Hernia (f; BIB); Hiccup (f; KAB); Hysteria (f; BIB; BOU; JFM); Impotence (f; BIB; BOU); Induration (f; JLH); Infection (f1; HH2; PH2); Inflammation (f; KAB); Intoxication (f; BIB; DEP); Jaundice (f; KAB); Kernel (f; JLH); Leprosy (f; PHR; PH2); Listeria (1; X11929164); Measles (f; APA; HAD; PH2); Mycosis (f1; DEP; HH2; X15612768); Nausea (f; BIB; GHA; IHB); Nervousness (f; BIB); Neuralgia (f; APA; BIB; EGG; NAD); Neurosis (f; BOU); Obesity (1; X15462185); Ophthalmia (f; BOU; DEP; GHA); Orchosis (f; BOU); Otosis (f; BOU); Pain (f; KAB; PH2); Parasite (f; BOU); Pharyngosis (f; PHR; PH2); Ptomaine (f; BIB); Puerperium (f; PHR); Rash (f; PHR; PH2); Rheumatism (f; BOU; HHB; NAD); Salmonella (1; HH2; X15161192); Scabies (f; KAB); Sclerosis (f; BIB); Scrofula (f; PH2); Smallpox (f; DEP); Snakebite (f; BIB); Sore (f; DEP); Soroche (f; EGG); Splenosis (f; BIB); Stomachache (f; BIB; EGG; EB49:406); Stomatosis (f; KAB; PHR; PH2); Swelling (f; DEP; GHA); Syphilis (f; BIB; KAB); Thirst (f; NAD); Thrush (f; DEP); Toothache (f; APA); Tumor (f; JLH); Ulcer (f; BIB); Uterosis (f; JLH); Venereal Disease (f; BIB; KAB); Vertigo (f; HHB; NAD; PH2); Wart (f; JLH); Wen (f; JLH); Worm (f; APA; BOU; JFM); Wound (f; HH2); Yeast (f1; DEP).
Seeds, the size of a peppercorn, have a sharp but pleasant aroma, pleasing to many ethnics (e.g., Arabs, Egyptians, some Europeans, Asian Indians), sometimes flavoring breadstuffs, cakes, and confections therewith. Used as early as 1550 B.c., the dried fruits, called coriander seed, combining the taste of lemon peel and sage, is used in pastries, cookies, buns, processed meats (such as sausage, bologna, and frankfurters), pickling spice, and curry powder. Also used to flavor liqueurs, such as gin and vermouth; in the cocoa, chocolate, and cordial industries. Young plants used in salads as a vegetable and in chutneys, sauces, soups, and curries. (Bib.; FAC; TAN). 1-2 tsp crushed fruit/cup water up to 3 x/day (APA); 0.1 g essential oil, 2-3 x/day (HH2); 3 g fruit (KOM; PHR); 0.3-1 g powdered fruit (PNC); 0.5-2 ml liquid fruit extract (PNC); 0.05-2 ml (they said 2 ml, I would have said 0.2 ml; cf. celery seed, close kin) essential oil (PNC).
• Asian Indians paste powdered seed on carbuncles, headache, sores, and gargle for thrush (DEP).
• Asian Indians report pulverized roots and leaves in alcohol for measles eruptions (KAB).
• Asian Indians suggest the seed infusion or tincture for biliousness, catarrh, dyspepsia, enterosis, gas, and sore throat (NAD).
• Asian Indians suggest equal parts coriander, cardamom, and caraway (1:1:1) as digestive (NAD).
• Asian Indians suggest powdered seed for colic, dyspepsia, and halitosis (DEP).
• Asian Indians suggest equal parts coriander, cottonseed, poppy seed, 2 parts sugar, and some rose water for vertigo (NAD).
• Ayurvedics recommend for biliousness, bronchitis, dysentery, fever, nausea, and thirst, viewing it as aphrodisiac, aperitif, anthelmintic, antipyretic, diuretic, laxative, refrigerant, stimulant, and stomachic (KAB).
• Cubans suggest the seed decoction for diabetes and neuralgia (JFM).
• Ethiopians chew the leaves for colic and stomachache (BIB).
• Iranians use the leaf for headache (BIB).
• Latinos report the tea 2 x/day is a female anaphrodisiac (JFM).
• Latinos boil 1 tsp fruit in 0.25 liter wine as emmenagogue and vermifuge (JFM).
• Middle Easterners steep seed in vinegar for one day and drink with sugar as cardiotonic, general tonic (GHA).
• Lebanese use seed decoction as a stimulant or as a narcotic anodyne (HJP).
• Mohammedens use carminative, pectoral, sedative seeds in a collyrium to prevent smallpox from destroying the eyes, as well as for chronic conjunctivosis (DEP).
• Peruvians paste the crushed leaves on the forehead for altitude sickness (EGG).
• Peruvians suggest the leaf tea for gas, headache, neuralgia, pain, and stomachache (EGG).
• Saudis suggest seed decoction for failing vision (GHA).
• Unani used the leaves, considered analgesic and hypnotic, for bleeding gums, eye pains, gleet, hiccup, inflammation, jaundice, piles, scabies, stomatitis, toothache, and tubercular glands. They used the seed to prevent bronchitis and coryza, for biliousness, dyspepsia, headache, syphilis, and ulcers on the penis, viewing the seed as aphrodisiac, cardiotonic, cerebrotonic, hepatotonic (KAB).
• Seed ground with raisins for tumors (JLH); with honey or raisins for burns, carbuncles, orchosis, sores, and sore ears (BOU).
Class 1 (AHP, 1997). None known (KOM). "Health hazards or side effects following the proper administration of designated therapeutic dosages are not recorded" (PH2). Leaves may harbor Listeria, especially in hot, moist situations.
Iranian scientists (Emamghoreishi et al., 2005) demonstrated anxiolytic activity of seed extracts of coriander, used for anxiety and insomnia in Iranian folk medicine (10, 25, 50, 100 mg/kg, ipr mus). It may have myorelaxant and sedative effects (X15619553). Karunasagar et al. (2005) showed that a sorbent prepared from coriander could remove inorganic mercury (Hg2+) and methyl mercury (CH3Hg+) from aqueous solutions. Such a sorbent could be used to decontaminate inorganic- and methyl mercury-contaminated waters (X15721537). Earlier Japanese scientists had suggested that coriander could help remove mercury from the human body (X8914687). [My dentist takes coriander following a day drilling in mercurous fillings.] Indian scientists (Harve and Kamath, 2004) report on an interesting case of interspecific synergy. Acetone and petroleum ether extracts of Murraya koenigii, Coriandrum sativum, Ferula asafoetida, and Trigonella foenum-graceum potentiated synthetic larvicides Fenthion and Temephos as larvicides against A. aegypti larvae. They used 0.05 ppm Temephos and Fenthion with 25 ppm of M. koenigii, F. asafetida, T. foenum graceum, and 100 ppm of C. sativum. All plants showed synergic potential but were weakly larvicidal when tested individually (X15623234). Lo Cantore et al. (2004) demonstarted the antibacterial activity of coriander was better than that of related fennel against 27 phytopathogenic bacterial species (including Bacillus and Escherichia) and two mycopathogenic ones (X15612768). Essential oil is particularly effective against Listeria monocytogenes (X11929164). Kubo et al. (2004) found that coriander's (2E)-l dode-canal was about twice as potent and (2E)-undecenal about equipotent with gentamicin at killing Salmonella. They were additive rather than synergic (X15161192). Proestos et al. (2005) checked the species for flavonoids and phenolics and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activity (X15713039). LD50 (EO) = 4130 mg/kg orl rat (HH2).
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