Fenugreek trigonella foenumgraecum l fabaceae

Notes (Fenugreek):

We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick: But our soul is dried away: there is nothing at all, beside this manna, before our eyes.

We remember the fish we ate in Egypt for nothing, the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions, and the garlic; but now our strength is dried up, and there is nothing at all but this manna to look at.

Numbers 11:5-6 (RSV)

How we remember the fish that we used to eat in Egypt for nothing, the cucumbers and the water melons, and the leeks and the onions, and the garlic; But now our soul is dried away. Our eyes are on nothing at all except the manna.

Numbers 11:5-6 (NWT)

Some scholars consider the fenugreek more likely than Allium porrum to be the leek of the Bible. This is not, however, included by Zohary in his Plants of the Bible (ZOH). Coincidentally, fenugreek shares many medicinal properties with the leek. Zohary in his flora does mention that it is widely cultivated and "subspontaneous" in Palestine, although it probably originated in southwestern Asia (FP2).

Common Names (Fenugreek):

Al Harba (Mali; UPW); Alforvas (Por.; EFS); Alholva (Sp.; Spain; EFS; VAD); Alolva (Sp.; KAB); Asaraara (Mun.; KAB); Asumodhagam (Sin.; KAB; WOI); Bahurpani (Sanskrit; KAB); Bahu-patriki (Sanskrit; KAB); Bhaji (Guj.; KAB); Bockhornsklover (Swe.; TAD); Bockshorn (Ger.; EFS; KAB); Bockshornklee (Ger.; MAD); Boukeras (Greek; KAB); Boyotu (Tur.; EFS); Bukkekorn (Den.; EFS); Cemen otu (Tur.; EB54:155); Cenigrechs (Cat.; KAB); Chandrika (Sanskrit; KAB; WOI); Dipani (Sanskrit; KAB); Ervinha (Por.; EFS); Fenacho (Por.; EFS); Fenegriek (Dutch; KAB); Fenegre (Lan..; KAB); Fenegriek (Por.; EFS); Fenigrekova Trava (Rus.; KAB); Feno Grego (Por.; EFS); Fenogreco (Sp.; KAB); Fenugrec (Fr.; EFS); Fenugrechs (Cat.; KAB); Fenugreek (Eng.; CR2; KAB); Fenugrek (Fr.; BOU; KAB); Fiengreco (It.; KAB); Fieno Greco (It.; Malta; EFS; KAB); Fienu (Malta; KAB); Finegreitze (Ger.; KAB); Finmaregretjen (Ger.; KAB); Foin Grec (Fr.; KAB); Gandhabija (Sanskrit; KAB); Gandhaphala (Sanskrit; KAB); Gorog Lepkeszeg (Hun.; EFS); Graine Joyeux (Fr.; KAB); Greek Clover (Eng.; USN); Greek Hay (Eng.; KAB; USN); Gretskaya Sochevitsa (Rus.; KAB); Griechische Heu (Ger.; KAB); Griechische Heusamen (Ger.; EFS); Grieks Graszaad (Por.; EFS); Haenugraeb (Beng.; KAB); Halba (Malaya; EFS); Halna Kalabat (Malaya; TAN); Hawmar (Arab.; BOU); Helba (Arab.; Mali; GHA; UPW); Helbek (Egypt; KAB); Heno Griego (Sp.; EFS); Hilba (Arab.; GHA); Holba (Alg.; KAB); Hoornklaver (Dutch; TAD); Hornklee (Ger.; EFS); Houlba (Morocco; KAB); Hulabaha (Arab.; NAD); Hulba (Arab.; EFS; KAB); Hu Lu Ba (Pin.; DAA); Hu Lu Pa (China; KAB); Jyoti (Sanskrit; KAB); Kairavi (Sanskrit; KAB); Kelabat (Malaya; IHB); Koroha (Jap.; TAD; TAN); K'u Tou (China; EFS); Kunchika (Sanskrit; KAB); Man-tha (Sanskrit; KAB); Mathi (Sin.; KAB); Medhika (Sanskrit; EFS; NAD); Menk-Palle (Kan.; WOI); Mente (Kan.; KAB); Mentepalle (Kan.; KAB); Mentesoffu (Kan.; KAB); Mentesoppu (Kan.; WOI); Menthe (Kan.; NAD); Menthya (Kan.; KAB); Mentikura (Tel.; KAB); Mentulu (Tel.; KAB; NAD); Methai (Sri.; KAB); Methi (Beng.; Guj.; Hindi; Nepal; Sanskrit; Sin.; Urdu; NAD; KAB; SUW); Methika (Sanskrit; KAB) Methini (Guj.; Sanskrit; KAB); Methishah (Beng.; KAB); Methi-Shak (Beng.; WOI); Methri (Pun.; KAB); Metthi (Tam.; KON); Methun (Pun.; KAB); Misrapushpa (Sanskrit; KAB); Munindraka (Sanskrit; KAB); Muthi (Hindu; KAB); Pagitnik (Rus.; KAB); Pazhit-nik (Rus.; TAD); Penantazi (Burma; KAB); Pitabija (Sanskrit; KAB); Saine Graine (Fr.; KAB); Sainegrain (Fr.; KAB); Schabbzieberklee (Ger.; TAD); Senegrain (Fr.; KAB); Senegre (Lan.; KAB); Sennegrain (Fr.; BOU; KAB); Shamli (Afg; KAB); Shamlid (Iran; KAB); Shamlit (Iran; KAB); Shamlita (Iran; EFS; NAD); Shamliz (Iran; KAB); Shanbalid (Iran; KAB); Siebengezeit (Ger.; KAB); Tamr hindi (Arab.; BOU); Tifidas (Ber.; BOU); Tokfist (Mali; UPW); Tilis Boukeras (Greek; KAB); Treugolka (Rus.; KAB); Uluhal (Sin.; KAB); Uluva (Mal.; Sin.; Tam.; KAB; NAD);

FIGURE 1.112 Fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum).

Uluvaarisi (Sri.; KAB); Vallari (Sanskrit; KAB); Vendayam (Sri.; Tam.; NAD); Vedhani (Sanskrit; KAB); Vendayam (Tam.; KAB); Ventayam (Mal.; Tam.; KAB); Venthiam (Mal.; KAB).

Activities (Fenugreek):

Analeptic (f; BOU); Analgesic (f1; MAD; X15374601); Anthelmintic (f; HHB); Antiadhesion (1; FNF; YAH); Antiaggregant (f; X11310527); Antianemic (f1; VAD); Antiatherosclerotic (1; BGB); Anticystitic (1; FNF; YAH); Antidiabetic (f1; BGB; PNC); Antidiuretic (1; CAN); Antihyperlipe-demic (1; BGB); Antihypertensive (1; CAN); Antiinflammatory (f12; KOM; X15374601); Antiisch-emic (1; X16205934); Antineoplastic (f1; PR15:257); Antinociceptive (1; TAD; X15374601); Antioxidant (1; X15678722); Antiseptic (12; KOM; VAD); Antispasmodic (f1; PED; PNC); Antitumor (f1; PNC); Antiviral (f; DAA); Aperient (f; NAD); Aphrodisiac (f; BOU; CRC; HHB; KAB; SPI; SUW); Astringent (f; CRC; PED); Cardiotonic (1; APA; CAN); Carminative (f; APA; CRC; GHA; SUW; WOI); Caspase-3 Inhibitor (1; X16205934); Chemopreventive (1; X15936223); Chola-gogue (f; BGB); Contraceptive (f; BOW); Demulcent (f12; CAN; PNC); Digestive (f; APA; VAD); Diuretic (f1; APA; CAN; CRC); Ecbolic (f; CRC); Emmenagogue (f1; CRC; FNF; KAB); Emollient (f12; APA; BOU; CAN; PH2; PNC); Estrogenic (1; JAD); Expectorant (f; CAN; CRC; SPI); Febrifuge (1; X15374601); Hepatoprotective (f1; VAD); Hydragogue (1; PH2); Hyperemic (2; KOM); Hypocholesterolemic (2; BGB; BRU; CRC; PNC), Hypoglycemic (f12; BRU; CAN; PHR; PH2; SKY; X15738612); Hypolipemic (f; VAD); Hypotriglyceridemic (1; BGB); Immunostimulant (1; PR15:257); Insectifuge (1; GHA; UPW; WOI); Lactagogue (f1; CRC; JAD; PHR; PH2; WOI); Laxative (f12; BOU; PNC; VAD); Lipogenic (f; BOU); Lipolytic (1; BRU; PH2; PNC); Mastogenic (f1; FNF; HAD); Mucilaginous (f1; PED); Myorelaxant (1; PNC); Nematicide (1; PR15:538); Orexigenic (12; APA; CAN; GHA; PH2; VAD); Oxytocic (1; PNC); Parturient (f; BGB); Propecic (f; MAD; NAD); Protease Inhibitor (1; HH2); Retinoprotectant (1; X16205934); Secretolytic (2; KOM); Spermicide (1; CRC); Steroid Precursor (1; JAD); Stimulant (f; BOU); Tonic (f; BOU; CRC; PED; WOI); Ureopoeitic (f; NAD); Uterotonic (f1; APA; CAN; PED); Vermifuge (1; CRC; PR15:538); Vulnerary (f1; CAN; PHR; TAD).

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