Fruits widely eaten, raw, juiced, fermented, or preserved; leaves less widely so; grape seeds are used to garnish cheeses. Italians celebrate the first pressing of the olives with noodles (pasta alla deficiera) cooked in wine instead of water. Dibs or pekmez, used to sweeten tea, consisting of evaporated grape juice or grape molasses. Unripened grape juice (verjuice or verjus) is used when tartness is needed. Grapeseed oil is preferred for cooking meat in fondue bourguignonne. Grape leaves (dolmas or sarmas) are often stuffed with rice, and/or currants, and/or pine nuts. Flowering shoots, tendrils and all, are tart and tender, sometimes astringent, but a good nibble in the field. Cream of tartar, scraped from the insides of wine barrels, can stabilize egg whites, and is added to candies and frostings. It is also added to baking powders to acidify. Vineyard cuttings are often burned to smoke meats (FAC; JAD; TAN; EB54:155). 75-600 mg seed extract (or OPC) daily for up to 3 weeks; maintenance dose 40-100 mg/day (APA, PH2).
• Arabians boil fruits, strain, adding honey for bronchosis and cough, as eardrops for earache (GHA).
• Asian Indians squeeze and boil dried raisins (with seeds) and take internally for diabetes (NAD).
• Asian Indians suggest that elders chew raisins for rheumatism (NAD).
• Ayurvedics regard the fruits, especially the black fruits, as aphrodisiac, diuretic, laxative, purgative, and refrigerant, and use them for asthma, biliousness, blood disorders, burning, eye ailment, fever, hangover, jaundice, sore throat, and strangury (KAB).
• Chinese use the leaf decoction for cholera, dropsy, nausea, pregnancy, and threatened abortion (DAA).
• Europeans use the juice from young branches for dermatoses and ophthalmia (KAB).
• Italians use unripe grape juice for throat afflictions (NAD).
• Lebanese have a grape "cure" for fever, liver, nervousness, smallpox, and tuberculosis. Small young leaves and/or tendrils are fed to infants to prevent scurvy and iron deficiency (the seeds and roots are ground for an anemia treatment, like wine itself). The expressed leaf juice is applied to various skin conditions, including "cancer." Lebanese use wine or brandy for cramps, stomachache, toothache, and for any pain (HJP).
• Lithuanians use raisins as a folk remedy for arthritis (JLH).
• Scientists report that two servings of raisins per day (84 g/day) can cause beneficial changes in colon function and may decrease the risk for colon cancer (X12935318).
• Unani use leaves, or leaf juice, for bleeding at the mouth, headache, nausea, piles, scabies, splenitis, and syphilis; the stem ashes for arthritis, bladder stones, orchitis, and piles; the fruit for fever; the seed ash for inflammation. They consider the seeds aphrodisiac, astringent, and refrigerant, the fruit as depurative, digestive, expectorant, and stomachic (KAB).
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