Facciola says fruits of Z. fabago, also called bean caper, are pickled and used as a substitute for capers (FAC). Tanaka says of Z. album: dried tips of flower clusters have the pleasant smell of tea; of Z. coccineum, Arabs use the seeds like black pepper; of Z. fabago, flowers buds used as spice; of Z. simplex, seeds used as food.
• Arabs, calling it balbal, bawwal, kammun karmani, and rotrayth; use Z. coccineum for asthma, diabetes, gout, high blood pressure, rheumatism, and worms (BOU).
• Berbers calling it aggaya, Arabs berraya; use leaf tea as antiseptic, applying dry leaf powder as a hemostat, or applying to abscesses, boils, and eczema (BOU).
• Mali citizens pound the leaves and poultice them on to stiff areas (UPW).
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