Food farmacy (JAD); now widely available and about as increasingly boring as head lettuce; interpreted by some as one of the bitter herbs of the Bible. Leaves eaten raw in salads or as a potherb. Javans pickle the leaves. Seeds are used in sherbets. The Jews of Alexandria, who translated the
Pentateuch, would have known better than I which herbs were eaten with the Paschal Lamb. Fresh endive leaves smell bitter but full-grown, blanched leaves are pleasant. To blanch, tie the outer leaves in a cone, or place a big flower pot over each plant to curb the light. Blanching takes about 3 weeks (BIB; FAC; KAB; WO2).
• Lebanese used endive as choleretic and in the same way as their many uses for chicory (HJP).
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