The spice seed cumin is crushed and mixed with foods, for example, in biblical times, with fish and meat, especially stews. Egyptians sprinkled the seeds on bread and cakes. Today the seeds flavor breads, cheeses, chutney, meat, pickles, rice, sauerkraut, sausage, and soups. Essential oil used in liqueurs and perfumes (BIB; FAC; TAN); 300-600 mg (HHB); 0.06-0.2 ml EO (HHB; HH2). 5-10 fruits (PHR); "300 to 600 gm" (PHR) (I am sure they did not mean that; that is, 1 to 2 pounds, close to a lethal dose, I would think). Corrected in PH2 to 300-600 mg (=5-10 fruit).
• Ancient Assyrians suggested cumin with garlic for constipation and gas (BIB).
• Arabs take oil of cumin as an aphrodisiac, mixed with honey and pimento, taken 3 x/day (BIB).
• Arabians drink decoction of ground lime and cumin seed for colic (GHA).
• Arabians steep leaves in vinegar; boil in water; drink warm for diarrhea (GHA).
• Arabians stuff ground seed with vinegar in nose to stop bleeding (GHA).
• Asian Indians smoke seeds coated with ghee in a pipe to relieve hiccup (NAD).
• Asian Indians suggest seeds with lime juice for pregnant ladies with bilious nausea (NAD).
• Asian Indians suggest 10 to 30 grains seed, even in food, for diarrhea, dyspepsia, gonorrhea, and hoarseness (NAD).
• Ayurvedics consider the fruit aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, and aIexipharmic, using it for belching, biliousness, consumption, dysentery, eye diseases, fever, leprosy, leucoderma, scorpion stings, and tumors (BIB).
• Ethiopians apply pounded leaves to skin disorders (BIB).
• Iranians suggest the seeds as analgesic for pain following childbirth (HJP).
• Iraqis and Iranians use as carminative (HJP).
• Lebanese use seed oil, with or without orange flower water, for cramps, syncope, and tachycardia (HJP).
• North Africans poultice the seeds on the nape of the neck for mumps (BIB).
• Peruvians suggest the carminative seed tea for dyspepsia and infants with colic (EGG).
• Shi'ites cook it with kibi to prevent gas (HJP).
• Unani use the fruit for asthma, boils, corneal opacities, epistaxis, gonorrhea, hemoptysis, hiccup, inflammation, scabies, splenomegaly, styes, and ulcers, considering it abortifa-cient, astringent, carminative, emmenagogue, and vulnerary (KAB).
• Yemeni use seeds in aphrodisiac and uterocontractant preparations (GHA).
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