Cucumber cucumis sativus l cucurbitaceae

Notes (Cucumber):

And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.

And the daughter of Zion is left like a booth in a vineyard, like a lodge in a cucumber field, like a besieged city.

Cucumis Sativus

And the daughter of Zion has been left remaining like a booth in a vineyard, like a lookout hut in a field of cucumbers, like a blockaded city.

Cucumber is mentioned only three times in the Bible, twice as a garden of cucumbers. And all three versions in my trilogy concur with cucumber. Zohary reminds us, rightly or wrongly, that garden cucumbers did not exist in Egypt in biblical times. And the lodges or lookout huts in the cucumber fields were booths of twigs or mats used then, and now, to guard against theft. But Zohary maintains that the huts were in melon fields rather than in cucumber fields. I would certainly guard my cantaloupes and watermelons more than cucumbers, although they are all pleasingly cool and juicy in hot arid climates. In case Zohary is wrong, perhaps highly unlikely, I will retain the prolific cucumber in my garden, hoping to prevent the wrinkles generated by these preplexing historical puzzles. Like many cultivated, multiple-variety members of the pumpkin family, it has a whole host of common names around the world. The USDA database listed only cucumber, gherkin concombre (Fr.; USN); cornichon (Fr.; USN); Gurke (Ger.; USN); khira (India; USN); pepino (Por.; Sp.; USN); and cohombro (Sp.). But the USDA website links one to the much more extensive index of common names, which I have copied below (those followed by POR are abbreviations for citations from Porcher ([email protected]). Cucumber soap is said to be especially beneficial for windburn. Cucumber juice is said to kill cockroaches, repelling fish moths and wood lice. Even the strewing of the green peel on the floor at night is effective (BIB).

Common Names (Cucumber):

Aggouria (Greek; DEP); Agurk (Den.; AVP; EFS; POR); Agurka (Bohemia; DEP); Airelu Kankro (Nepal; POR); Alpicoz (Sp.; EFS); Asare Kankro (Nepal; POR); Augurk (Dutch; EFS); Bahuphala (Sanskrit; KAB); Bakritaear (Mun.; KAB); Bazarula (Arab.; EFS; NAD); Betbinho (Guinea-Bissau; UPW); Bi Bai (Ic.; KAB); Bonteng (Sunda; IHB; POR); Cabul (Vis.; KAB); Calavaya (Vis.; KAB); Castravete (Rom.; KAB); Cedriuolo (It.; KAB); Cetrinolo (It.; AVP); Cetriola (It.; EFS); Cetriolo (It.; KAB; POR); Cetriuolo (It.; KAB); Chaja (Kalmuck; DEP); Chiar (Arab.; DEP); Citriuolo (It.; KAB); Cocombre (Haiti; AVP); Cocombro (Por.; AVP); Cocomero (It.; EFS); Cogombre (Cat.; KAB); Cohombro (Sp.; AVP; RAR; USN); Concombre (Fr.; Haiti; AVP; EFS; TAN); Concombre Commun (Fr.; KAB); Concombre Cultive (Fr.; KAB); Concombre Ordinaire (Fr.; AVP); Concombre Vrai (Fr.; AVP); Cornichon (Fr.; EFS; USN); Cucumber (Eng.; NPM); Dib (Hmong; EB57:365); Dlib (Hmong; EB57:365); Dobba (Malaya; IHB); Dosakaya (Tel.; WOI); Dosekaya (Tel.; NAD); Dozakaya (Tel.; KAB); Dua Chuot (Ic.; KAB); Dua Gang (Ic.; KAB); Dureagurk (Den.; EFS); Entimum (Malaya; IHB); Faggus (Arab.; Mali; UPW); Gemeine Gurke (Ger.; AVP; TAN); Gherkin (Eng.; EFS); Gnyo (Magar; NPM); Gros Concombre (Fr.; AVP); Gurka (Swe.; AVP; EFS; KAB); Gurke (Ger.; DEP; USN); Haswey (Dho.; Omar; Saudi; GHA); Hiyar (Tur.; EFS); Ho qua (Ic.; KAB); Hoang Qua (Ic.; KAB); Huang Gua (China; POR); Huang Kua (China; DAA; EFS); Huang Kwa (Canton; POR), Hu Kua (China; EFS); Kakari (Guj.; KAB); Kakdi (Hindi; Mah.; NAD; POR); Kak-kari (Mal.; NAD); Kaknai (Orissa; KAB); Kakri (Bom.; Hindi; Nepal; Simla; POR; SKJ); Kakri-kai (Tam.; WOI); Kakro (Nepal; POR); Kalabaga (Vis.; POR); Kandalu (Sanskrit; KAB); Kankdi (Guj.; KAB); Kankri (Bom.; Dec.; Guj.; Hindi; NAD); Kankro (Nepal; NPM; SUW); Kankur karkti (India; EFS); Kantakilaki (Sanskrit; KAB); Kantakiphala (Sanskrit; KAB); Karan (Arm.; DEP); Katiman (Java; IHB); Katimun (Sunda; IHB); Ketimun (Indonesia; POR); Kheyar (Arab.; GHA); Khiar (Tur.; AVP); Khira (Beng.; Hindi; India; Mar.; NAD; USN; WOI); Khiyar (Iran; EFS); Kiar (Tartar; DEP); Kira (India; EFS); Kokomba (Ghana; UPW); Komkommer (Dutch; POR); Konkom-mer (Dutch; EFS); Koshaphala (Sanskrit; KAB); Krastavat (Slav.; DEP); Krastave (Slav.; AVP); Kratsavets (Albania; DEP); Kumba (Sierra Leone; UPW); Kunkummer (Ger.; KAB); Kurkku (Fin.; POR) Kusud (Arab.; EFS); Kyu Uri (Japan; POR); Kyuri (Japan; TAN); Langlai (Tamang; NPM); Lathai (Gurung; NPM); Machicho (Par.; AVP); Melon Alon (Sp.; AVP); Mentimun (Java; POR);

Moro Kyu (Japan; POR); Mullanvellari (Tam.; NAD); Mullusavte (Kan.; NAD); Mulluvellari (Tam.; NAD); Mutrulla Sookasa (Sanskrit; EFS); Ngurli (Nig.; UPW); Ogorek (Pol.; KAB); Oguretz (Rus.; KAB); Oh Ee (Korea; POR); Oi (Korea; POR); Penpininho (Por.; EFS); Pepineiro (Por.; KAB); Pepinillo (Sp.; Peru; EFS; EGG); Pepino (Cuba; Mad.; Peru; Por.; Sp.; EGG; RAR; RyM); Pepino de Castilla (Sp.; RAR); Pipingha (Sin. POR); Pipingkai. (Sin.; KAB; POR); Pipingkay (Sin.; Tam.; KAB); Pipino (Tag.; POR); Pipinya (Sing.; POR); Pitapushpa (Sanskrit; KAB); Qing Gua (Canton; POR); Quishooaim (Heb.; KAB); Qitha Bostany (Arab.; AVP); Qitsa (Arab.; AVP); Sakusa (Sanskrit; EFS; NAD); Salatagurk (Den.; EFS); Salatalik (Tur.; EB54:155); Santekayi (Kan.; KAB); Sasa (Beng.; KAB; NAD); Sautekayi (Kan.; NAD); Setimun (Sakai; IHB); Shiyarekhurd (Iran; KAB); Sikua (Greek; DEP); Sikuos (Greek; DEP); Sikya (Greek; KAB); Sma Gurka (Swe.; EFS); Sud-havasa (Sanskrit; KAB); Sukasa (Sanskrit; NAD; SKJ); Sushitala (Sanskrit; KAB); Taear (Munari; KAB); Taeng Kwaa (Thai; POR); Taeng Om (Thai; POR), Taeng Raan (Thai; POR); Tansali (Guj.; KAB); Tavas (Mar.; NAD); Tavase (Mar.; KAB); Teeng (Laos; POR); Teng Kwa (Thai; IHB); Teng Ran (Thai; IHB); Thagwa (Burma; KAB); Thakhwa (Burma; POR); Thakhwathee (Burma; KAB); Tihu (Hindi; POR); Timun (Java; Malaya; Sunda; IHB; POR); Timun China (Malaya; IHB); Tolom-bro (Por.; AVP); Touxem (Kon.; KAB); Tovxini (Kon.; KAB); Towshay (Kon.; NAD); Trapukarkati (Sanskrit; KAB); Trapusha (Sanskrit; NAD); Tra sac (Ic.; KAB); Trasak (Khmer; POR); Tseng Kwa (China; POR); Tukhmi Khiyarain (India; DEP); Tundilaphala (Sanskrit; KAB); Uborka (Hun.; KAB); Uggurits (Estonia; DEP); Ukkurits (Estonia; DEP); Urits (Estonia; DEP); Vellari (Madras; KAB); Vellarikkai (Tam.; SKJ; WOI); Voantangombazaha (Guj.; KAB).

Activities (Cucumber):

Anthelmintic (f; KAB; UPW); Antiinflammatory (f; EGG; KAB); Antiseptic (1; X15151242); Bactericide (1; X15151242); Demulcent (f; GHA; NAD; SUW); Diuretic (f; DEP; GHA; NAD; SUW); Emetic (f; DAA; GHA); Febrifuge (f; NAD); Insectifuge (f; DAA; UPW); Insecticide (f; UPW); Proteolytic (1; KAB); Purgative (f; DAA; GHA); Tonic (f; SUW); Vermifuge (f; EFS; GHA).

Indications (Cucumber):

Bacillus (1; X15151242); Bacteria (1; X15151242); Beri-beri (f; DAA); Biliousness (f; KAB); Burn (f; DAA); Cancer (f; JLH); Cancer, abdomen (f; JLH); Cancer, bladder (f; JLH); Cancer, liver (f; JLH); Cancer, stomach (f; JLH); Condyloma (f; JLH); Cystosis (f; JLH; NAD); Dermatosis (f; DAA; KAB); Dysentery (f; IHB); Dysuria (f; GHA; NAD); Enterosis (f; GHA; JLH); Escherichia (1; X15151242); Fever (f; NAD); Gastrosis (f; JLH); Hepatosis (f; JLH); Induration (f; JLH); Infection (1; X15151242); Inflammation (f; EGG; NAD); Listeria (1; X15151242); Malaria (f; NAD); Ophthalmia (f; EGG); Salmonella (1; X15151242); Spermatorrhea (f; NAD); Scald (f; DAA); Sore Throat (f; UPW); Sprue (f; IHB); Strangury (f; NAD); Sunstroke (f; DEP; NAD); Swelling (f; DAA); Tapeworm (f; GHA); Throat (f; DEP; NAD); Tumor (f; JLH); Wart (f; JLH); Urethrosis (f; NAD); Worm (f; DAA; UPW).

Dosages (Cucumber):

Fruits widely eaten raw or pickled, oil-roasted, stewed, stuffed, or wrapped in banana leaves and baked; pickles in rice bran essential in Japanese diet; seed edible; young leaves and stems eaten as potherb (FAC; NPM; TAN; EB54:155).

• Africans report that the juice repels fish moths and woodlice; and that peelings left on the floor overnight will kill cockroaches that eat them in three or four nights (UPW).

• Arabians use fruit pulp to soothe and whiten the skin (GHA).

Ayurvedics consider the fruit aphrodisiac, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, and tonic, using it for ascites, biliousness, fatigue, and insanity (KAB).

• Indochinese suggest candied cucumber in children's dysentery (BIB).

• Indonesians suggest fruit or its juice for gallstones and sprue (BIB).

• Koreans make cucumber salves for burns, scalds, and skin disorders (BIB).

• Lebanese mix the sap that oozes from scraped cucumber skin with yogurt to treat cold sores (HJP).

• Lebanese believe that cucumbers prevent colds (HJP).

• Lebanese use a favorite salad, laban (cucumbers and yogurt), to soften skin, dispel acne, smooth rash, and heal sunburn (HJP).

• Madagascans use the fruit as an anthelmintic, a use showing up in many cultures (KAB).

• Peruvians apply sliced cucumber to eye problems and inflammation (EGG).

• Unani, considering the seed diuretic, lachrymatory, and tonic, use it for bronchosis, fever, hepatosis, nephrosis, ophthalmia, sore throat, and thirst; the fruit they consider cardiotonic, cerebrotonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, and lactagogue; used for dysuria and ophthalmia; the vulnerary rind is applied to the hypogastrium as diuretic (KAB).

Downsides (Cucumber):

Like other members of the cucurbit family, this also contains cucurbitacins. Extracts (Cucumber):

Buescher et al. (2004) showed that two cucumber volatiles (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal and (E)-2-non-enal could inactivate or weaken bacterial pathogens (Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes (but weakly), Salmonella typhimurium) (at 250 and 500 ppm) (X15151242). Alpha-spinasterol significantly (circa 1000 x simvastin, a coenzyme-A inhibitor) modulates development and/or progression of diabetic nephropathy. It reduced significantly attendant increases in serum triglycerides, renal weight, and urinary protein excretion in diabetic mice (X15326549).

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